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Association between financial links to indoor tanning industry and conclusions of published studies on indoor tanning: systematic review.

与室内制革行业的金融联系与已发表的室内制革研究结论之间的关联: 系统综述。

  • 影响因子:0
  • DOI:10.1136/bmj.m7
  • 作者列表:"Adekunle L","Chen R","Morrison L","Halley M","Eng V","Hendlin Y","Wehner MR","Chren MM","Linos E
  • 发表时间:2020-02-04
Abstract

OBJECTIVE:To assess whether an association exists between financial links to the indoor tanning industry and conclusions of indoor tanning literature. DESIGN:Systematic review. DATA SOURCES:PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science, up to 15 February 2019. STUDY SELECTION CRITERIA:Articles discussing indoor tanning and health were eligible for inclusion, with no article type restrictions (original research, systematic reviews, review articles, case reports, editorials, commentaries, and letters were all eligible). Basic science studies, articles describing only indoor tanning prevalence, non-English articles, and articles without full text available were excluded. RESULTS:691 articles were included in analysis, including empiric articles (eg, original articles or systematic reviews) (357/691; 51.7%) and non-empiric articles letters (eg, commentaries, letters, or editorials) (334/691; 48.3%). Overall, 7.2% (50/691) of articles had financial links to the indoor tanning industry; 10.7% (74/691) articles favored indoor tanning, 3.9% (27/691) were neutral, and 85.4% (590/691) were critical of indoor tanning. Among the articles without industry funding, 4.4% (27/620) favored indoor tanning, 3.5% (22/620) were neutral, and 92.1% (571/620) were critical of indoor tanning. Among the articles with financial links to the indoor tanning industry, 78% (39/50) favored indoor tanning, 10% (5/50) were neutral, and 12% (6/50) were critical of indoor tanning. Support from the indoor tanning industry was significantly associated with favoring indoor tanning (risk ratio 14.3, 95% confidence interval 10.0 to 20.4). CONCLUSIONS:Although most articles in the indoor tanning literature are independent of industry funding, articles with financial links to the indoor tanning industry are more likely to favor indoor tanning. Public health practitioners and researchers need to be aware of and account for industry funding when interpreting the evidence related to indoor tanning. SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION:PROSPERO CRD42019123617.

摘要

目的: 评估与室内制革行业的财务联系与室内制革文献的结论之间是否存在关联。 设计: 系统评价。 数据来源: PubMed、Embase和Web of Science,截至 2019 年 2 月 15 日。 研究选择标准: 讨论室内晒黑和健康的文章有资格纳入,没有文章类型限制 (原始研究、系统综述、综述文章、病例报告、社论、评论、和信件都符合条件)。排除基础科学研究、仅描述室内晒黑患病率的文章、非英语文章和无全文的文章。 结果: 纳入分析的文献共 691 篇,包括经验性文章 (如,原创文章或系统综述) (357/691; 51.7%) 和非经验性文章 (如,评论、信件、或社论) (334/691; 48.3%)。总体而言,7.2% (50/691) 的文章与室内制革行业有财务联系; 10.7% (74/691) 的文章倾向于室内制革,3.9% (27/691) 的文章是中性的,85.4% (590/691) 的文章对室内晒黑持批评态度。在没有行业资助的文章中,4.4% (27/620) 喜欢室内晒黑,3.5% (22/620) 是中性的,92.1% (571/620) 是室内晒黑的关键。在与室内制革行业有财务联系的文章中,78% (39/50) 倾向于室内制革,10% (5/50) 为中性,12% (6/50) 对室内制革持批评态度。室内制革行业的支持与有利于室内制革显著相关 (风险比 14.3,95% 置信区间 10.0 至 20.4)。 结论: 尽管室内制革文献中的大多数文章独立于行业资金,但与室内制革行业有财务联系的文章更倾向于室内制革。公共卫生从业人员和研究人员在解释与室内晒黑相关的证据时,需要了解并考虑行业资金。 系统评价注册: PROSPERO crd42019123617。

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