新型冠状病毒疾病 (新型冠状病毒肺炎) 及其对心血管疾病的影响.
- 作者列表："Golemi Minga I","Golemi L","Tafur A","Pursnani A
:The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has placed a significant strain on healthcare providers. As the number of patients continue to surge, healthcare workers are now forced to find different approaches to practicing medicine that may affect patient care. In addition, COVID-19 has many cardiovascular complications that affect the clinical course of patients. In this article, we summarize the cardiovascular impact of COVID-19 and some of the challenges that patients and the healthcare system will face during this pandemic.
冠状病毒疾病 2019 (新型冠状病毒肺炎) 大流行给医疗服务提供者带来了巨大压力。随着患者数量的持续激增，医护人员现在被迫寻找可能影响患者护理的不同行医方法。另外，新型冠状病毒肺炎存在多种影响患者临床病程的心血管并发症。在这篇文章中，我们总结了新型冠状病毒肺炎对心血管的影响，以及在这次大流行期间患者和医疗保健系统将面临的一些挑战。
METHODS::Since mid-December of 2019, coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection has been spreading from Wuhan, China. The confirmed COVID-19 patients in South Korea are those who came from or visited China. As secondary transmissions have occurred and the speed of transmission is accelerating, there are rising concerns about community infections. The 54-year old male is the third patient diagnosed with COVID-19 infection in Korea. He is a worker for a clothing business and had mild respiratory symptoms and intermittent fever in the beginning of hospitalization, and pneumonia symptoms on chest computerized tomography scan on day 6 of admission. This patient caused one case of secondary transmission and three cases of tertiary transmission. Hereby, we report the clinical findings of the index patient who was the first to cause tertiary transmission outside China. Interestingly, after lopinavir/ritonavir (Kaletra, AbbVie) was administered, β-coronavirus viral loads significantly decreased and no or little coronavirus titers were observed.
METHODS::In December 2019, a novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) caused an outbreak in Wuhan, China, and soon spread to other parts of the world. It was believed that 2019-nCoV was transmitted through respiratory tract and then induced pneumonia, thus molecular diagnosis based on oral swabs was used for confirmation of this disease. Likewise, patient will be released upon two times of negative detection from oral swabs. However, many coronaviruses can also be transmitted through oral-fecal route by infecting intestines. Whether 2019-nCoV infected patients also carry virus in other organs like intestine need to be tested. We conducted investigation on patients in a local hospital who were infected with this virus. We found the presence of 2019-nCoV in anal swabs and blood as well, and more anal swab positives than oral swab positives in a later stage of infection, suggesting shedding and thereby transmitted through oral-fecal route. We also showed serology test can improve detection positive rate thus should be used in future epidemiology. Our report provides a cautionary warning that 2019-nCoV may be shed through multiple routes.
METHODS::There is a current worldwide outbreak of a new type of coronavirus (2019-nCoV), which originated from Wuhan in China and has now spread to 17 other countries. Governments are under increased pressure to stop the outbreak spiraling into a global health emergency. At this stage, preparedness, transparency, and sharing of information are crucial to risk assessments and beginning outbreak control activities. This information should include reports from outbreak sites and from laboratories supporting the investigation. This paper aggregates and consolidates the virology, epidemiology, clinical management strategies from both English and Chinese literature, official news channels, and other official government documents. In addition, by fitting the number of infections with a single-term exponential model, we report that the infection is spreading at an exponential rate, with a doubling period of 1.8 days.