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Preliminary information on prevention of infections caused by SARS-COV-2 virus in endoscopic laboratories.

初步预防信息沾染惹起的SARS-COV-2 病毒内镜实验室.

  • 影响因子:1.37
  • DOI:10.26444/aaem/122137
  • 作者列表:"Gruszecka J","Filip R
  • 发表时间:2020-06-19
Abstract

INTRODUCTION:On 11 March 2020, the Director-General of the World Health Organization (WHO) announced COVID-19 (Coronavirus Disease 2019) as a global pandemic Currently, no vaccines are available and there is little evidence of the efficacy of potential therapeutic agents. Furthermore, there is presumably no pre-existing immunity in the population to the new coronavirus, and it is as-sumed that everyone in the population is susceptible. OBJECTIVE:The aim of the procedures described in the article is to minimize the risk of human-to-human transmission of the SARS-CoV-2 (Severe acute respiratory syndrome - coronavirus 2) virus during procedures carried out in endoscopic laboratories. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE STATE OF THE ART:SARS-CoV-2 infection can be asymptomatic, cause severe pneumonia, or lead to death. Symptoms of COVID-19 range from none (asymptomatic) to severe pneumonia and it can be fatal. Case studies to-date indicate that this infection causes a mild illness (i.e. pneumonia or mild pneumonia) in approximately 80% of cases, and most cases recove; 14% have a more severe illness, 6% experience a critical illness. The vast majority of the most serious illnesses and deaths have occurred among the elderly and people with other chronic underlying diseases. Average progression times include: • in mild cases: from the onset of symptoms to recovery in almost 2 weeks; • in severe cases: from the onset of symptoms to recovery in 3-6 weeks, and from symptoms to death in 2-8 weeks. CONCLUSIONS:Special precautions should be taken and procedures followed when performing invasive medical procedures in endoscopic laboratories in patients with specific or clinically probable SARS-CoV-2 infection. This article contains up-to-date information as at 04/04/2020.

摘要

简介: 2020 年 3 月 11 日,世卫组织总干事宣布新型冠状病毒肺炎 (冠状病毒病 2019) 为全球流行病,没有疫苗可用,几乎没有证据表明潜在的治疗药物的疗效。此外,推测人群对新型冠状病毒没有预先存在的免疫力,人群中的每个人都是易感的。 目的: 本文所述程序的目的是尽量减少在内镜实验室进行的程序中人传人 (严重急性呼吸综合征-冠状病毒 2) 病毒SARS-CoV-2 风险。 最新技术水平的简要描述: SARS-CoV-2 感染可以是无症状的,引起重症肺炎,或导致死亡。新型冠状病毒肺炎的症状从无症状 (无症状) 到重症肺炎,可能是致命的。迄今为止的案例研究表明,这种感染会导致轻微的疾病 (肺炎或轻度肺炎) 在大约 80% 的病例中,大多数病例恢复; 14% 的病例病情更严重,6% 的病例病情危重。绝大多数最严重的疾病和死亡发生在老年人和患有其他慢性基础疾病的人群中。平均进展时间包括: • 在轻度病例中: 从症状发作到恢复近 2 周; • 在严重病例中: 从症状发作到恢复 3-6 周,并在 2-8 周内从症状到死亡。 结论: 在内镜实验室进行侵入性医疗操作时,应采取特殊的预防措施,并遵循特定或临床上可能SARS-CoV-2 感染患者的程序。本文包含截至 04/04/2020 的最新信息。

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影响因子:4.36
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METHODS::In December 2019, a novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) caused an outbreak in Wuhan, China, and soon spread to other parts of the world. It was believed that 2019-nCoV was transmitted through respiratory tract and then induced pneumonia, thus molecular diagnosis based on oral swabs was used for confirmation of this disease. Likewise, patient will be released upon two times of negative detection from oral swabs. However, many coronaviruses can also be transmitted through oral-fecal route by infecting intestines. Whether 2019-nCoV infected patients also carry virus in other organs like intestine need to be tested. We conducted investigation on patients in a local hospital who were infected with this virus. We found the presence of 2019-nCoV in anal swabs and blood as well, and more anal swab positives than oral swab positives in a later stage of infection, suggesting shedding and thereby transmitted through oral-fecal route. We also showed serology test can improve detection positive rate thus should be used in future epidemiology. Our report provides a cautionary warning that 2019-nCoV may be shed through multiple routes.

翻译标题与摘要 下载文献
影响因子:2.48
发表时间:2020-04-01
来源期刊:Infection
DOI:10.1007/s15010-020-01401-y
作者列表:["Cheng ZJ","Shan J"]

METHODS::There is a current worldwide outbreak of a new type of coronavirus (2019-nCoV), which originated from Wuhan in China and has now spread to 17 other countries. Governments are under increased pressure to stop the outbreak spiraling into a global health emergency. At this stage, preparedness, transparency, and sharing of information are crucial to risk assessments and beginning outbreak control activities. This information should include reports from outbreak sites and from laboratories supporting the investigation. This paper aggregates and consolidates the virology, epidemiology, clinical management strategies from both English and Chinese literature, official news channels, and other official government documents. In addition, by fitting the number of infections with a single-term exponential model, we report that the infection is spreading at an exponential rate, with a doubling period of 1.8 days.

呼吸道感染方向

呼吸道感染分为上呼吸道感染与下呼吸道感染。上呼吸道感染是指自鼻腔至喉部之间的急性炎症的总称,是最常见的感染性疾病。下呼吸道感染是最常见的感染性疾患,治疗时必须明确引起感染的病原体以选择有效的抗生素。

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