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Examining the Impact of COVID-19 Lockdown in Wuhan and Lombardy: A Psycholinguistic Analysis on Weibo and Twitter.

考察武汉和伦巴第新型冠状病毒肺炎封锁的影响: 微博和Twitter上的心理语言学分析。

  • 影响因子:2.81
  • DOI:10.3390/ijerph17124552
  • 作者列表:"Su Y","Xue J","Liu X","Wu P","Chen J","Chen C","Liu T","Gong W","Zhu T
  • 发表时间:2020-06-24
Abstract

:Many countries are taking strict quarantine policies to prevent the rapid spread of COVID-19 (Corona Virus Disease 2019) around the world, such as city lockdown. Cities in China and Italy were locked down in the early stage of the pandemic. The present study aims to examine and compare the impact of COVID-19 lockdown on individuals' psychological states in China and Italy. We achieved the aim by (1) sampling Weibo users (geo-location = Wuhan, China) and Twitter users (geo-location = Lombardy, Italy); (2) fetching all the users' published posts two weeks before and after the lockdown in each region (e.g., the lockdown date of Wuhan was 23 January 2020); (3) extracting the psycholinguistic features of these posts using the Simplified Chinese and Italian version of Language Inquiry and Word Count (LIWC) dictionary; and (4) conducting Wilcoxon tests to examine the changes in the psycholinguistic characteristics of the posts before and after the lockdown in Wuhan and Lombardy, respectively. Results showed that individuals focused more on "home", and expressed a higher level of cognitive process after a lockdown in both Wuhan and Lombardy. Meanwhile, the level of stress decreased, and the attention to leisure increased in Lombardy after the lockdown. The attention to group, religion, and emotions became more prevalent in Wuhan after the lockdown. Findings provide decision-makers timely evidence on public reactions and the impacts on psychological states in the COVID-19 context, and have implications for evidence-based mental health interventions in two countries.

摘要

: 许多国家已经采取了严格的检疫政策以防止迅速蔓延的新型冠状病毒肺炎 (电晕病毒疾病 2019) 在世界各地,如封城.中国和意大利的城市在大流行的早期就被封锁了。本研究旨在考察和比较新型冠状病毒肺炎锁定对中国和意大利个体心理状态的影响。我们通过 (1) 抽样微博用户 (地理位置 = 中国武汉) 和Twitter用户 (地理位置 = 意大利伦巴第) 实现了目的; (2) 获取每个地区锁定前后两周所有用户发布的帖子 (e。g.,武汉的封锁日期是 2 3 1 月 2 0);(3) 使用简体中文和意大利语版语言查询和字数 (LIWC) 词典提取这些帖子的心理语言学特征; (4) 进行Wilcoxon检验,分别考察武汉和伦巴第封锁前后帖子心理语言学特征的变化。结果表明,在武汉和伦巴第两次封锁后,个体更多地关注 “家”,并表达了更高水平的认知过程。同时,封锁后伦巴第的压力水平下降,对休闲的关注增加。封锁后,对群体、宗教和情感的关注在武汉变得更加普遍。研究结果为决策者提供了关于新型冠状病毒肺炎背景下公众反应和对心理状态影响的及时证据,并对两个国家的循证精神卫生干预措施产生了影响。

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呼吸道感染方向

呼吸道感染分为上呼吸道感染与下呼吸道感染。上呼吸道感染是指自鼻腔至喉部之间的急性炎症的总称,是最常见的感染性疾病。下呼吸道感染是最常见的感染性疾患,治疗时必须明确引起感染的病原体以选择有效的抗生素。

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