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COVID-19, Australia: Epidemiology Report 11 (Reporting week to 23:59 AEST 12 April 2020).

澳大利亚新型冠状病毒肺炎流行病学学报告 11 (2020 年 4 月 12 日AEST时间每周至 23:59 报告)。

  • 影响因子:0
  • DOI:10.33321/cdi.2020.44.34
  • 作者列表:"COVID-19 National Incident Room Surveillance Team.
  • 发表时间:2020-04-17
Abstract

:Confirmed cases in Australia notified up to 12 April 2020: notifications = 6,394; deaths = 46. The reduction in international travel and domestic movement, social distancing measures and public health action have likely slowed the spread of the disease. Notifications in Australia remain predominantly among people with recent overseas travel, with some locally-acquired cases being detected. Most locally-acquired cases are able to be linked back to a confirmed case, with a small portion unable to be epidemiologically linked. The distribution of overseas-acquired cases to locally acquired cases varies by jurisdiction. Internationally, cases continue to increase. The rates of increase have started to slow in several regions, although it is too soon to tell whether this trend will be sustained. The epidemiology differs from country to country depending not only on the disease, but also on differences in case detection, testing and implemented public health measures.

摘要

: 截至 2020 年 4 月 12 日澳大利亚的确诊病例: 通知 = 6,394; 死亡 = 46。国际旅行和国内运动、社会疏远措施和公共卫生行动的减少可能减缓了疾病的传播。澳大利亚的通知仍然主要存在于最近出国旅行的人群中,发现了一些当地获得性病例。大多数本地获得的病例能够与确诊病例联系起来,一小部分病例无法与流行病学联系起来。海外收购案件与当地收购案件的分布因管辖权而异。在国际上,病例继续增加。几个地区的增长率已经开始放缓,尽管现在判断这一趋势是否会持续还为时过早。在流行病学因国而异不仅取决于疾病,而且在不同情况下检测、测试和实施公共卫生措施.

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翻译标题与摘要 下载文献
影响因子:2.48
发表时间:2020-04-01
来源期刊:Infection
DOI:10.1007/s15010-020-01401-y
作者列表:["Cheng ZJ","Shan J"]

METHODS::There is a current worldwide outbreak of a new type of coronavirus (2019-nCoV), which originated from Wuhan in China and has now spread to 17 other countries. Governments are under increased pressure to stop the outbreak spiraling into a global health emergency. At this stage, preparedness, transparency, and sharing of information are crucial to risk assessments and beginning outbreak control activities. This information should include reports from outbreak sites and from laboratories supporting the investigation. This paper aggregates and consolidates the virology, epidemiology, clinical management strategies from both English and Chinese literature, official news channels, and other official government documents. In addition, by fitting the number of infections with a single-term exponential model, we report that the infection is spreading at an exponential rate, with a doubling period of 1.8 days.

呼吸道感染方向

呼吸道感染分为上呼吸道感染与下呼吸道感染。上呼吸道感染是指自鼻腔至喉部之间的急性炎症的总称,是最常见的感染性疾病。下呼吸道感染是最常见的感染性疾患,治疗时必须明确引起感染的病原体以选择有效的抗生素。

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