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Considerations for Postacute Rehabilitation for Survivors of COVID-19.

新型冠状病毒肺炎幸存者急性期康复的注意事项。

  • 影响因子:0
  • DOI:10.2196/19462
  • 作者列表:"Sheehy LM
  • 发表时间:2020-05-08
Abstract

:Coronavirus disease (COVID-19), the infection caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), was first reported on December 31, 2019. Because it has only been studied for just over three months, our understanding of this disease is still incomplete, particularly regarding its sequelae and long-term outcomes. Moreover, very little has been written about the rehabilitation needs of patients with COVID-19 after discharge from acute care. The objective of this report is to answer the question "What rehabilitation services do survivors of COVID-19 require?" The question was asked within the context of a subacute hospital delivering geriatric inpatient and outpatient rehabilitation services. Three areas relevant to rehabilitation after COVID-19 were identified. First, details of how patients may present have been summarized, including comorbidities, complications from an intensive care unit stay with or without intubation, and the effects of the virus on multiple body systems, including those pertaining to cardiac, neurological, cognitive, and mental health. Second, I have suggested procedures regarding the design of inpatient rehabilitation units for COVID-19 survivors, staffing issues, and considerations for outpatient rehabilitation. Third, guidelines for rehabilitation (physiotherapy, occupational therapy, speech-language pathology) following COVID-19 have been proposed with respect to recovery of the respiratory system as well as recovery of mobility and function. A thorough assessment and an individualized, progressive treatment plan which focuses on function, disability, and return to participation in society will help each patient to maximize their function and quality of life. Careful consideration of the rehabilitation environment will ensure that all patients recover as completely as possible.

摘要

: 冠状病毒病 (新型冠状病毒肺炎),由新型冠状病毒冠状病毒 2 (SARS-CoV-2) 引起的感染,首次报道于 2019 年 12 月 31 日。因为它只有三个多月的研究,我们对这种疾病的理解仍然不完整,特别是关于它的后遗症和长期结果。此外,很少有关于新型冠状病毒肺炎患者出院后的康复需求。本报告的目的是回答 “新型冠状病毒肺炎幸存者需要什么康复服务?” 这个问题是在亚急性医院提供老年住院和门诊康复服务的背景下提出的。确定了与新型冠状病毒肺炎后康复相关的三个领域。首先,总结了患者可能存在的细节,包括合并症、重症监护室的并发症、插管或不插管的情况以及病毒对多个身体系统的影响,包括心脏、神经、认知和精神卫生。其次,我提出了关于为新型冠状病毒肺炎幸存者设计住院康复单元、人员配置问题和门诊康复考虑的程序。第三,就呼吸系统的恢复以及活动和功能的恢复提出了康复指南 (物理治疗、职业治疗、语言病理学),随后新型冠状病毒肺炎。以功能、残疾和重返社会为重点的全面评估和个体化、渐进的治疗计划将有助于每个患者最大限度地发挥其功能和生活质量。仔细考虑康复环境将确保所有患者尽可能完全恢复。

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翻译标题与摘要 下载文献
影响因子:2.48
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来源期刊:Infection
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作者列表:["Cheng ZJ","Shan J"]

METHODS::There is a current worldwide outbreak of a new type of coronavirus (2019-nCoV), which originated from Wuhan in China and has now spread to 17 other countries. Governments are under increased pressure to stop the outbreak spiraling into a global health emergency. At this stage, preparedness, transparency, and sharing of information are crucial to risk assessments and beginning outbreak control activities. This information should include reports from outbreak sites and from laboratories supporting the investigation. This paper aggregates and consolidates the virology, epidemiology, clinical management strategies from both English and Chinese literature, official news channels, and other official government documents. In addition, by fitting the number of infections with a single-term exponential model, we report that the infection is spreading at an exponential rate, with a doubling period of 1.8 days.

呼吸道感染方向

呼吸道感染分为上呼吸道感染与下呼吸道感染。上呼吸道感染是指自鼻腔至喉部之间的急性炎症的总称,是最常见的感染性疾病。下呼吸道感染是最常见的感染性疾患,治疗时必须明确引起感染的病原体以选择有效的抗生素。

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