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Wearable Activity Trackers for Monitoring Adherence to Home Confinement During the COVID-19 Pandemic Worldwide: Data Aggregation and Analysis.

可穿戴活动跟踪器,用于监测全球新型冠状病毒肺炎大流行期间家庭监禁的依从性: 数据聚合和分析。

  • 影响因子:5.82
  • DOI:10.2196/19787
  • 作者列表:"Pépin JL","Bruno RM","Yang RY","Vercamer V","Jouhaud P","Escourrou P","Boutouyrie P
  • 发表时间:2020-06-19
Abstract

BACKGROUND:In the context of home confinement during the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic, objective, real-time data are needed to assess populations' adherence to home confinement to adapt policies and control measures accordingly. OBJECTIVE:The aim of this study was to determine whether wearable activity trackers could provide information regarding users' adherence to home confinement policies because of their capacity for seamless and continuous monitoring of individuals' natural activity patterns regardless of their location. METHODS:We analyzed big data from individuals using activity trackers (Withings) that count the wearer's average daily number of steps in a number of representative nations that adopted different modalities of restriction of citizens' activities. RESULTS:Data on the number of steps per day from over 740,000 individuals around the world were analyzed. We demonstrate the physical activity patterns in several representative countries with total, partial, or no home confinement. The decrease in steps per day in regions with strict total home confinement ranged from 25% to 54%. Partial lockdown (characterized by social distancing measures such as school closures, bar and restaurant closures, and cancellation of public meetings but without strict home confinement) does not appear to have a significant impact on people's activity compared to the pre-pandemic period. The absolute level of physical activity under total home confinement in European countries is around twofold that in China. In some countries, such as France and Spain, physical activity started to gradually decrease even before official commitment to lockdown as a result of initial less stringent restriction orders or self-quarantine. However, physical activity began to increase again in the last 2 weeks, suggesting a decrease in compliance with confinement orders. CONCLUSIONS:Aggregate analysis of activity tracker data with the potential for daily updates can provide information regarding adherence to home confinement policies.

摘要

背景: 在冠状病毒疾病 (新型冠状病毒肺炎) 大流行期间家庭监禁的背景下,需要客观、实时的数据来评估人口对家庭监禁的依从性,以相应地调整政策和控制措施。 目标: 这项研究的目的是确定可穿戴活动跟踪器是否能够提供关于用户遵守家庭监禁政策的信息,因为他们能够无缝连续地监控个人的自然活动模式,而不管他们的位置如何。。 方法: 我们分析了使用活动跟踪器 (Withings) 的个体的大数据,这些数据计算了在多个采用不同方式限制公民活动的代表性国家中佩戴者的平均每日步数。 结果: 分析了来自世界各地超过 740,000 人的每日步数数据。我们在几个有代表性的国家展示了完全、部分或无家庭监禁的体力活动模式。家庭禁闭总量严格的地区每天步数的下降幅度从 25% 到 54% 不等。部分封锁 (特征是社会疏远措施,如学校关闭、酒吧和餐馆关闭以及取消公开会议,但没有严格的家庭监禁) 与大流行前相比,似乎对人们的活动没有重大影响。欧洲国家完全家庭监禁下的体力活动绝对水平约为中国的两倍。在一些国家,如法国和西班牙,由于最初不那么严格的限制令或检疫,身体活动甚至在官方承诺封锁之前就开始逐渐减少。然而,体力活动在过去 2 周内又开始增加,这表明遵守分娩命令的情况有所下降。 结论: 具有每日更新潜力的活动跟踪器数据的汇总分析可以提供关于遵守家庭监禁政策的信息。

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呼吸道感染方向

呼吸道感染分为上呼吸道感染与下呼吸道感染。上呼吸道感染是指自鼻腔至喉部之间的急性炎症的总称,是最常见的感染性疾病。下呼吸道感染是最常见的感染性疾患,治疗时必须明确引起感染的病原体以选择有效的抗生素。

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