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Learning from the Italian experience in coping with COVID-19.

学习意大利应对新型冠状病毒肺炎的经验。

  • 影响因子:1.45
  • DOI:10.1590/0037-8682-0199-2020
  • 作者列表:"Carvalho ACC","Kritski A
  • 发表时间:2020-06-03
Abstract

INTRODUCTION:In March 2020, the rapid increase in COVID-19 cases overburdened the Italian health system, with the country becoming the pandemic's epicenter. METHODS:We present a narrative review based on manuscripts, official documents, and newspaper articles regarding COVID-19 in Italy. RESULTS:Characteristics of the epidemic, possible causes for its worsening, and the measures adopted across Italian regions are presented. CONCLUSIONS:In the early stages of an epidemic, effective decision-making is essential to contain the number of cases. Medical support for patients and social isolation measures are the most appropriate strategies currently available to reduce the spread and lethality of COVID-19.

摘要

引言: 2020 年 3 月,新型冠状病毒肺炎病例的迅速增加使意大利卫生系统不堪重负,该国成为大流行的震中。 方法: 我们基于手稿、官方文件和报纸文章对意大利新型冠状病毒肺炎进行了叙述性回顾。 结果: 介绍了疫情的特点、恶化的可能原因以及意大利各地区采取的措施。 结论: 在流行病的早期阶段,有效的决策对于控制病例数量至关重要。对患者的医疗支持和社会隔离措施是目前最合适的策略,以减少新型冠状病毒肺炎的传播和致命性。

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呼吸道感染方向

呼吸道感染分为上呼吸道感染与下呼吸道感染。上呼吸道感染是指自鼻腔至喉部之间的急性炎症的总称,是最常见的感染性疾病。下呼吸道感染是最常见的感染性疾患,治疗时必须明确引起感染的病原体以选择有效的抗生素。

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