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Graphitic carbon nitride quantum dots as analytical probe for viewing sialic acid on the surface of cells and tissues.

石墨氮化碳量子点作为观察细胞和组织表面唾液酸的分析探针。

  • 影响因子:5.61
  • DOI:10.1016/j.aca.2019.10.031
  • 作者列表:"Zhang M","Wang Q","Xu Y","Guo L","Lai Z","Li Z
  • 发表时间:2020-01-25
Abstract

:The abnormal expression of sialic acids (SAs) on cells and tissues is closely related to various pathophysiological states. Here we applied phenylboronic acid (PBA) functionalized graphitic carbon nitride fluorescent quantum dots (PCQDs) with sizes from 3 to 5 nm in efficient and selective labeling SAs on the surface of living cells and tissues. With abundant PBA in their structure, the water soluble PCQDs showed the relative SA level on the cell surface via selectively and efficiently staining different cell lines in 30 min and revealed that M1 macrophages may express more SAs on their surfaces compared with M0 and M2. The distinct demarcation of cancerous and para-noncancerous areas on cancer tissue sections was showed by PCQDs staining. PCQDs with their high selectivity, stable photoluminescence, low cost, and nontoxicity can be an ideal SA fluorescent probe for living cells and tissues.

摘要

: 唾液酸 (SAs) 在细胞和组织上的异常表达与多种病理生理状态密切相关。在这里,我们将苯硼酸 (PBA) 功能化的石墨氮化碳荧光量子点 (PCQDs) 应用于活细胞和组织表面的有效和选择性标记SAs中,尺寸为 3 至 5 nm nm。它们的结构中含有丰富的PBA,水溶性PCQDs通过在 30  min内选择性高效染色不同细胞系,在细胞表面显示相对SA水平,并揭示M1 巨噬细胞可能比M0 和M0 在其表面表达更多的SAs。m2。通过PCQDs染色显示癌组织切片上癌性和非癌性区域的不同分界。PCQDs具有高选择性、稳定的光致发光、低成本、无毒性等优点,是一种理想的活体细胞和组织的SA荧光探针。

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DOI:10.1016/j.athoracsur.2019.04.100
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METHODS::Pulmonary artery sling is a rare congenital anomaly of the origin and course of the left pulmonary artery. Patients with this condition typically present with respiratory failure in young infancy, and asymptomatic cases are uncommon. We describe the case of an adult patient with a lung adenocarcinoma of the right upper lobe, extending into the hilum and superior mediastinum, and with a previously unknown pulmonary artery sling anomaly. The local invasiveness of the tumor and the peculiar vascular anatomy contributed to a unique surgical scenario, wherein multiple reconstructive procedures were required.

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影响因子:6.93
发表时间:2020-01-15
DOI:10.1002/ijc.32532
作者列表:["Hata A","Nakajima T","Matsusaka K","Fukuyo M","Morimoto J","Yamamoto T","Sakairi Y","Rahmutulla B","Ota S","Wada H","Suzuki H","Matsubara H","Yoshino I","Kaneda A"]

METHODS::Patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) have higher risk of developing lung cancer, for example, squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), and show poor prognosis, while the molecular basis has not been fully investigated. Here we conducted DNA methylome analysis of lung SCC using 20 SCC samples with/without IPF, and noncancerous lung tissue samples from smokers/nonsmokers, using Infinium HumanMethylation 450K array. SCC was clustered into low- and high-methylation epigenotypes by hierarchical clustering analysis. Genes hypermethylated in SCC significantly included genes targeted by polycomb repressive complex in embryonic stem cells, and genes associated with Gene Ontology terms, for example, "transcription" and "cell adhesion," while genes hypermethylated specifically in high-methylation subgroup significantly included genes associated with "negative regulation of growth." Low-methylation subgroup significantly correlated with IPF (78%, vs. 17% in high-methylation subgroup, p = 0.04), and the correlation was validated by additional Infinium analysis of SCC samples (n = 44 in total), and data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (n = 390). The correlation between low-methylation subgroup and IPF was further validated by quantitative methylation analysis of marker genes commonly hypermethylated in SCC (HOXA2, HOXA9 and PCDHGB6), and markers specifically hypermethylated in high-methylation subgroup (DLEC1, CFTR, MT1M, CRIP3 and ALDH7A1) in 77 SCC cases using pyrosequencing (p = 0.003). Furthermore, low-methylation epigenotype significantly correlated with poorer prognosis among all SCC patients, or among patients without IPF. Multivariate analysis showed that low-methylation epigenotype is an independent predictor of poor prognosis. These may suggest that lung SCC could be stratified into molecular subtypes with distinct prognosis, and low-methylation lung SCC that significantly correlates with IPF shows unfavorable outcome.

翻译标题与摘要 下载文献
影响因子:6.93
发表时间:2020-01-01
DOI:10.1002/ijc.32530
作者列表:["Zhang L","Yang Y","Chai L","Bu H","Yang Y","Huang H","Ran J","Zhu Y","Li L","Chen F","Li W"]

METHODS::The role of Fyn-related kinase (FRK) in malignant tumors remains controversial. Our study investigated the function of FRK in lung cancer. Immunohistochemistry staining and generating a knockout of FRK by CRISPR/Cas9 in H1299 (FRK-KO-H1299) cells were strategies used to explore the role of FRK. Immunohistochemistry staining indicated that FRK expression was elevated in 223 lung cancer tissues compared to 26 distant normal lung tissues. FRK contributed to poor survival status in lung cancer patients and acted as a predictor for poor prognosis of lung cancer. Knockout of FRK by CRISPR/Cas9 markedly inhibited proliferation, invasion, colony formation and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) process in the lung cancer cell line H1299. Further exploration indicated that FRK-KO damaged the stemness phenotype of H1299 by inhibiting CD44 and CD133 expression. Seahorse detection and a U-13 C flux assay revealed that FRK-KO induced metabolism reprogramming by inhibiting the Warburg effect and changing the energy type in H1299 cells. Epidermal growth factor stimulation recovered the expression of FRK and biological functions, metabolic reprogramming and stemness phenotype of H1299 cells. FRK plays an oncogenic role in lung cancer cells via a novel regulation mechanism of enhancing the stemness of H1299 cells by inducing metabolism reprogramming, which finally promotes EMT and metastasis. Our study also indicates that FRK could be used as a potential therapeutic target for drug development.

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