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Chelerythrine Chloride Downregulates β-Catenin and Inhibits Stem Cell Properties of Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma.

氯化白屈菜氨酸下调 β-连环蛋白并抑制非小细胞肺癌的干细胞特性。

  • 影响因子:3.28
  • DOI:10.3390/molecules25010224
  • 作者列表:"Heng WS","Cheah SC
  • 发表时间:2020-01-06
Abstract

:Plant secondary metabolites have been seen as alternatives to seeking new medicines for treating various diseases. Phytochemical scientists remain hopeful that compounds isolated from natural sources could help alleviate the leading problem in oncology-the lung malignancy that kills an estimated two million people annually. In the present study, we characterized a medicinal compound benzophenanthridine alkaloid, called chelerythrine chloride for its anti-tumorigenic activities. Cell viability assays confirmed its cytotoxicity and anti-proliferative activity in non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) cell lines. Immunofluorescence staining of β-catenin revealed that there was a reduction of nuclear content as well as overall cellular content of β-catenin after treating NCI-H1703 with chelerythrine chloride. In functional characterizations, we observed favorable inhibitory activities of chelerythrine chloride in cancer stem cell (CSC) properties, which include soft agar colony-forming, migration, invasion, and spheroid forming abilities. Interesting observations in chelerythrine chloride treatment noted that its action abides to certain concentration-specific-targeting behavior in modulating β-catenin expression and apoptotic cell death. The downregulation of β-catenin implicates the downregulation of CSC transcription factors like SOX2 and MYC. In conclusion, chelerythrine chloride has the potential to mitigate cancer growth due to inhibitory actions toward the tumorigenic activity of CSC in lung cancer and it can be flexibly adjusted according to concentration to modulate specific targeting in different cell lines.

摘要

: 植物次生代谢物已被视为寻求治疗各种疾病的新药的替代品。植物化学科学家仍然希望从天然来源分离的化合物可以帮助缓解肿瘤学中的主要问题-每年导致约 200万人死亡的肺部恶性肿瘤。在本研究中,我们表征了一种药用化合物二苯甲吡啶生物碱,称为白屈菜碱氯化物,其抗肿瘤活性。细胞活力测定证实了其在非小细胞肺癌 (NSCLC) 细胞系中的细胞毒性和抗增殖活性。Β-连环蛋白的免疫荧光染色显示,在用氯化白屈菜碱处理NCI-H1703 后,β-连环蛋白的核含量以及总体细胞含量降低。在功能表征中,我们观察到chelerythrine氯化物在癌症干细胞 (CSC) 特性中的有利抑制活性,包括软琼脂集落形成、迁移、侵袭和球体形成能力。在氯化白屈菜氨酸处理中的有趣观察注意到,其作用遵守调节 β-连环蛋白表达和凋亡细胞死亡的某些浓度特异性靶向行为。Β-连环蛋白的下调涉及CSC转录因子如SOX2 和MYC的下调。总之,由于对肺癌中CSC的致瘤活性的抑制作用,氯化白屈菜氨酸具有减轻癌症生长的潜力,并且其可以根据浓度灵活调节以调节不同细胞系中的特异性靶向。

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METHODS::Pulmonary artery sling is a rare congenital anomaly of the origin and course of the left pulmonary artery. Patients with this condition typically present with respiratory failure in young infancy, and asymptomatic cases are uncommon. We describe the case of an adult patient with a lung adenocarcinoma of the right upper lobe, extending into the hilum and superior mediastinum, and with a previously unknown pulmonary artery sling anomaly. The local invasiveness of the tumor and the peculiar vascular anatomy contributed to a unique surgical scenario, wherein multiple reconstructive procedures were required.

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翻译标题与摘要 下载文献
影响因子:6.93
发表时间:2020-01-15
DOI:10.1002/ijc.32532
作者列表:["Hata A","Nakajima T","Matsusaka K","Fukuyo M","Morimoto J","Yamamoto T","Sakairi Y","Rahmutulla B","Ota S","Wada H","Suzuki H","Matsubara H","Yoshino I","Kaneda A"]

METHODS::Patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) have higher risk of developing lung cancer, for example, squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), and show poor prognosis, while the molecular basis has not been fully investigated. Here we conducted DNA methylome analysis of lung SCC using 20 SCC samples with/without IPF, and noncancerous lung tissue samples from smokers/nonsmokers, using Infinium HumanMethylation 450K array. SCC was clustered into low- and high-methylation epigenotypes by hierarchical clustering analysis. Genes hypermethylated in SCC significantly included genes targeted by polycomb repressive complex in embryonic stem cells, and genes associated with Gene Ontology terms, for example, "transcription" and "cell adhesion," while genes hypermethylated specifically in high-methylation subgroup significantly included genes associated with "negative regulation of growth." Low-methylation subgroup significantly correlated with IPF (78%, vs. 17% in high-methylation subgroup, p = 0.04), and the correlation was validated by additional Infinium analysis of SCC samples (n = 44 in total), and data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (n = 390). The correlation between low-methylation subgroup and IPF was further validated by quantitative methylation analysis of marker genes commonly hypermethylated in SCC (HOXA2, HOXA9 and PCDHGB6), and markers specifically hypermethylated in high-methylation subgroup (DLEC1, CFTR, MT1M, CRIP3 and ALDH7A1) in 77 SCC cases using pyrosequencing (p = 0.003). Furthermore, low-methylation epigenotype significantly correlated with poorer prognosis among all SCC patients, or among patients without IPF. Multivariate analysis showed that low-methylation epigenotype is an independent predictor of poor prognosis. These may suggest that lung SCC could be stratified into molecular subtypes with distinct prognosis, and low-methylation lung SCC that significantly correlates with IPF shows unfavorable outcome.

翻译标题与摘要 下载文献
影响因子:6.93
发表时间:2020-01-01
DOI:10.1002/ijc.32530
作者列表:["Zhang L","Yang Y","Chai L","Bu H","Yang Y","Huang H","Ran J","Zhu Y","Li L","Chen F","Li W"]

METHODS::The role of Fyn-related kinase (FRK) in malignant tumors remains controversial. Our study investigated the function of FRK in lung cancer. Immunohistochemistry staining and generating a knockout of FRK by CRISPR/Cas9 in H1299 (FRK-KO-H1299) cells were strategies used to explore the role of FRK. Immunohistochemistry staining indicated that FRK expression was elevated in 223 lung cancer tissues compared to 26 distant normal lung tissues. FRK contributed to poor survival status in lung cancer patients and acted as a predictor for poor prognosis of lung cancer. Knockout of FRK by CRISPR/Cas9 markedly inhibited proliferation, invasion, colony formation and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) process in the lung cancer cell line H1299. Further exploration indicated that FRK-KO damaged the stemness phenotype of H1299 by inhibiting CD44 and CD133 expression. Seahorse detection and a U-13 C flux assay revealed that FRK-KO induced metabolism reprogramming by inhibiting the Warburg effect and changing the energy type in H1299 cells. Epidermal growth factor stimulation recovered the expression of FRK and biological functions, metabolic reprogramming and stemness phenotype of H1299 cells. FRK plays an oncogenic role in lung cancer cells via a novel regulation mechanism of enhancing the stemness of H1299 cells by inducing metabolism reprogramming, which finally promotes EMT and metastasis. Our study also indicates that FRK could be used as a potential therapeutic target for drug development.

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肺肿瘤方向

肺肿瘤,又叫支气管肺癌,是常见的恶性肿瘤之一。肺肿瘤的治疗为包括手术、中药、放疗、化疗及免疫等多学科的综合治疗。

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