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Prucalopride inhibits lung cancer cell proliferation, invasion, and migration through blocking of the PI3K/AKT/mTor signaling pathway.

普卢卡必利通过阻断PI3K/AKT/mTor信号通路抑制肺癌细胞增殖、侵袭和迁移。

  • 影响因子:2.04
  • DOI:10.1177/0960327119883409
  • 作者列表:"Chen M","Zhu LL","Su JL","Li GL","Wang J","Zhang YN
  • 发表时间:2020-02-01
Abstract

:Lung cancer is the main cause of cancer incidence and mortality around the world. Prucalopride is an agonist for the 5-hydroxytryptamine 4 receptor, but it was unknown whether prucalopride could be used to treat lung cancer. To investigate the biological effects of prucalopride on proliferation, apoptosis, invasion, and migration of lung cancer cells, and its underlying molecular mechanism in the progression of lung cancer, we performed this study. The Cell Counting Kit 8 assay was used to measure the proliferation of A549/A427 lung cancer cells treated with prucalopride. Transwell assay was applied to evaluate cell invasion and migration. Cell apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry and Western blot analyses. The expression levels of related proteins in the PI3K/AKT/mTor signaling pathway were analyzed by Western blotting. Prucalopride inhibited the proliferation, invasion, and migration of A549/A427 human lung cancer cells. It also induced autophagy and apoptosis and decreased the expression of the phosphorylated protein kinase B (AKT) and mammalian target of rapamycin (mTor) in these cells. This study implied an inhibitory role for prucalopride in the progression of human lung cancer.

摘要

: 肺癌是全世界癌症发病率和死亡率的主要原因。普卢卡必利是 5-羟色胺 4 受体的激动剂,但尚不清楚普卢卡必利是否可用于治疗肺癌。为了研究普卢卡必利对肺癌细胞增殖、凋亡、侵袭和迁移的生物学作用,及其在肺癌进展中的潜在分子机制,我们进行了这项研究。细胞计数试剂盒 8 测定用于测量用普卢卡必利处理的A549/A427 肺癌细胞的增殖。Transwell试验用于评估细胞侵袭和迁移。通过流式细胞术和蛋白质印迹分析检测细胞凋亡。通过Western blotting分析PI3K/AKT/mTor信号通路中相关蛋白的表达水平。普卢卡必利抑制A549/A427 人肺癌细胞的增殖、侵袭和迁移。它还诱导自噬和凋亡,并降低这些细胞中磷酸化蛋白激酶B (AKT) 和哺乳动物雷帕霉素靶蛋白 (mTor) 的表达。本研究提示普卢卡必利在人肺癌进展中的抑制作用。

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METHODS::Pulmonary artery sling is a rare congenital anomaly of the origin and course of the left pulmonary artery. Patients with this condition typically present with respiratory failure in young infancy, and asymptomatic cases are uncommon. We describe the case of an adult patient with a lung adenocarcinoma of the right upper lobe, extending into the hilum and superior mediastinum, and with a previously unknown pulmonary artery sling anomaly. The local invasiveness of the tumor and the peculiar vascular anatomy contributed to a unique surgical scenario, wherein multiple reconstructive procedures were required.

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影响因子:6.93
发表时间:2020-01-15
DOI:10.1002/ijc.32532
作者列表:["Hata A","Nakajima T","Matsusaka K","Fukuyo M","Morimoto J","Yamamoto T","Sakairi Y","Rahmutulla B","Ota S","Wada H","Suzuki H","Matsubara H","Yoshino I","Kaneda A"]

METHODS::Patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) have higher risk of developing lung cancer, for example, squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), and show poor prognosis, while the molecular basis has not been fully investigated. Here we conducted DNA methylome analysis of lung SCC using 20 SCC samples with/without IPF, and noncancerous lung tissue samples from smokers/nonsmokers, using Infinium HumanMethylation 450K array. SCC was clustered into low- and high-methylation epigenotypes by hierarchical clustering analysis. Genes hypermethylated in SCC significantly included genes targeted by polycomb repressive complex in embryonic stem cells, and genes associated with Gene Ontology terms, for example, "transcription" and "cell adhesion," while genes hypermethylated specifically in high-methylation subgroup significantly included genes associated with "negative regulation of growth." Low-methylation subgroup significantly correlated with IPF (78%, vs. 17% in high-methylation subgroup, p = 0.04), and the correlation was validated by additional Infinium analysis of SCC samples (n = 44 in total), and data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (n = 390). The correlation between low-methylation subgroup and IPF was further validated by quantitative methylation analysis of marker genes commonly hypermethylated in SCC (HOXA2, HOXA9 and PCDHGB6), and markers specifically hypermethylated in high-methylation subgroup (DLEC1, CFTR, MT1M, CRIP3 and ALDH7A1) in 77 SCC cases using pyrosequencing (p = 0.003). Furthermore, low-methylation epigenotype significantly correlated with poorer prognosis among all SCC patients, or among patients without IPF. Multivariate analysis showed that low-methylation epigenotype is an independent predictor of poor prognosis. These may suggest that lung SCC could be stratified into molecular subtypes with distinct prognosis, and low-methylation lung SCC that significantly correlates with IPF shows unfavorable outcome.

翻译标题与摘要 下载文献
影响因子:6.93
发表时间:2020-01-01
DOI:10.1002/ijc.32530
作者列表:["Zhang L","Yang Y","Chai L","Bu H","Yang Y","Huang H","Ran J","Zhu Y","Li L","Chen F","Li W"]

METHODS::The role of Fyn-related kinase (FRK) in malignant tumors remains controversial. Our study investigated the function of FRK in lung cancer. Immunohistochemistry staining and generating a knockout of FRK by CRISPR/Cas9 in H1299 (FRK-KO-H1299) cells were strategies used to explore the role of FRK. Immunohistochemistry staining indicated that FRK expression was elevated in 223 lung cancer tissues compared to 26 distant normal lung tissues. FRK contributed to poor survival status in lung cancer patients and acted as a predictor for poor prognosis of lung cancer. Knockout of FRK by CRISPR/Cas9 markedly inhibited proliferation, invasion, colony formation and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) process in the lung cancer cell line H1299. Further exploration indicated that FRK-KO damaged the stemness phenotype of H1299 by inhibiting CD44 and CD133 expression. Seahorse detection and a U-13 C flux assay revealed that FRK-KO induced metabolism reprogramming by inhibiting the Warburg effect and changing the energy type in H1299 cells. Epidermal growth factor stimulation recovered the expression of FRK and biological functions, metabolic reprogramming and stemness phenotype of H1299 cells. FRK plays an oncogenic role in lung cancer cells via a novel regulation mechanism of enhancing the stemness of H1299 cells by inducing metabolism reprogramming, which finally promotes EMT and metastasis. Our study also indicates that FRK could be used as a potential therapeutic target for drug development.

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肺肿瘤方向

肺肿瘤,又叫支气管肺癌,是常见的恶性肿瘤之一。肺肿瘤的治疗为包括手术、中药、放疗、化疗及免疫等多学科的综合治疗。

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