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A lactate-induced Snail/STAT3 pathway drives GPR81 expression in lung cancer cells.

乳酸诱导的Snail/STAT3 通路驱动肺癌细胞中的GPR81 表达。

  • 影响因子:4.78
  • DOI:10.1016/j.bbadis.2019.165576
  • 作者列表:"Xie Q","Zhu Z","He Y","Zhang Z","Zhang Y","Wang Y","Luo J","Peng T","Cheng F","Gao J","Cao Y","Wei H","Wu Z
  • 发表时间:2020-01-01
Abstract

:Highly expressed G protein-coupled receptor 81 (GPR81), a receptor for lactate, is emerging as a critical regulator of tumor growth and metastasis. However, the mechanistic basis for its highly expression in cancer cells remains elusive. Here we report that tumor-derived lactate transcriptionally regulates GPR81 expression. We demonstrated that the transcriptional response of GPR81 to lactate is mediated by Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3). Mechanistically, lactate upregulates transcriptional factor Snail and induces the assembly of Snail/EZH2/STAT3 complex. Within this ternary complex, STAT3 activity is strongly enhanced. Consequently, the activated STAT3 by lactate directly binds GPR81promoter and activates its expression. These findings shed light on the transcriptional mechanism by which GPR81 expression is regulated in cancer cells, and provides mechanistic insight into how aberrant signaling and continually high lactate levels due to metabolic switch may yield a feed-forward/self-enabling loop to promote tumor progression.

摘要

: 高表达的g蛋白偶联受体 81 (GPR81),一种乳酸盐受体,正在成为肿瘤生长和转移的关键调节剂。然而,其在癌细胞中高度表达的机制基础仍然难以捉摸。在这里,我们报道了肿瘤衍生的乳酸在转录调控GPR81 表达。我们证明GPR81 对乳酸的转录反应是由信号转导子和转录激活子 3 (STAT3) 介导的。在机理上,乳酸上调转录因子Snail并诱导Snail/EZH2/STAT3 复合物的组装。在该三元复合物中,STAT3 活性强烈增强。因此,乳酸盐激活的STAT3 直接结合gpr81 启动子并激活其表达。这些发现揭示了GPR81 表达在癌细胞中受到调控的转录机制,并提供了对由于代谢转换导致的异常信号传导和持续高乳酸水平如何产生前馈/自我使能环以促进肿瘤进展的机制洞察。

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METHODS::Pulmonary artery sling is a rare congenital anomaly of the origin and course of the left pulmonary artery. Patients with this condition typically present with respiratory failure in young infancy, and asymptomatic cases are uncommon. We describe the case of an adult patient with a lung adenocarcinoma of the right upper lobe, extending into the hilum and superior mediastinum, and with a previously unknown pulmonary artery sling anomaly. The local invasiveness of the tumor and the peculiar vascular anatomy contributed to a unique surgical scenario, wherein multiple reconstructive procedures were required.

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影响因子:6.93
发表时间:2020-01-15
DOI:10.1002/ijc.32532
作者列表:["Hata A","Nakajima T","Matsusaka K","Fukuyo M","Morimoto J","Yamamoto T","Sakairi Y","Rahmutulla B","Ota S","Wada H","Suzuki H","Matsubara H","Yoshino I","Kaneda A"]

METHODS::Patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) have higher risk of developing lung cancer, for example, squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), and show poor prognosis, while the molecular basis has not been fully investigated. Here we conducted DNA methylome analysis of lung SCC using 20 SCC samples with/without IPF, and noncancerous lung tissue samples from smokers/nonsmokers, using Infinium HumanMethylation 450K array. SCC was clustered into low- and high-methylation epigenotypes by hierarchical clustering analysis. Genes hypermethylated in SCC significantly included genes targeted by polycomb repressive complex in embryonic stem cells, and genes associated with Gene Ontology terms, for example, "transcription" and "cell adhesion," while genes hypermethylated specifically in high-methylation subgroup significantly included genes associated with "negative regulation of growth." Low-methylation subgroup significantly correlated with IPF (78%, vs. 17% in high-methylation subgroup, p = 0.04), and the correlation was validated by additional Infinium analysis of SCC samples (n = 44 in total), and data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (n = 390). The correlation between low-methylation subgroup and IPF was further validated by quantitative methylation analysis of marker genes commonly hypermethylated in SCC (HOXA2, HOXA9 and PCDHGB6), and markers specifically hypermethylated in high-methylation subgroup (DLEC1, CFTR, MT1M, CRIP3 and ALDH7A1) in 77 SCC cases using pyrosequencing (p = 0.003). Furthermore, low-methylation epigenotype significantly correlated with poorer prognosis among all SCC patients, or among patients without IPF. Multivariate analysis showed that low-methylation epigenotype is an independent predictor of poor prognosis. These may suggest that lung SCC could be stratified into molecular subtypes with distinct prognosis, and low-methylation lung SCC that significantly correlates with IPF shows unfavorable outcome.

翻译标题与摘要 下载文献
影响因子:6.93
发表时间:2020-01-01
DOI:10.1002/ijc.32530
作者列表:["Zhang L","Yang Y","Chai L","Bu H","Yang Y","Huang H","Ran J","Zhu Y","Li L","Chen F","Li W"]

METHODS::The role of Fyn-related kinase (FRK) in malignant tumors remains controversial. Our study investigated the function of FRK in lung cancer. Immunohistochemistry staining and generating a knockout of FRK by CRISPR/Cas9 in H1299 (FRK-KO-H1299) cells were strategies used to explore the role of FRK. Immunohistochemistry staining indicated that FRK expression was elevated in 223 lung cancer tissues compared to 26 distant normal lung tissues. FRK contributed to poor survival status in lung cancer patients and acted as a predictor for poor prognosis of lung cancer. Knockout of FRK by CRISPR/Cas9 markedly inhibited proliferation, invasion, colony formation and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) process in the lung cancer cell line H1299. Further exploration indicated that FRK-KO damaged the stemness phenotype of H1299 by inhibiting CD44 and CD133 expression. Seahorse detection and a U-13 C flux assay revealed that FRK-KO induced metabolism reprogramming by inhibiting the Warburg effect and changing the energy type in H1299 cells. Epidermal growth factor stimulation recovered the expression of FRK and biological functions, metabolic reprogramming and stemness phenotype of H1299 cells. FRK plays an oncogenic role in lung cancer cells via a novel regulation mechanism of enhancing the stemness of H1299 cells by inducing metabolism reprogramming, which finally promotes EMT and metastasis. Our study also indicates that FRK could be used as a potential therapeutic target for drug development.

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肺肿瘤方向

肺肿瘤,又叫支气管肺癌,是常见的恶性肿瘤之一。肺肿瘤的治疗为包括手术、中药、放疗、化疗及免疫等多学科的综合治疗。

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