- 作者列表："Wu R","Yu W","Yao C","Liang Z","Yoon Y","Xie Y","Shim H","Bai R
:Breast cancer is the most frequently diagnosed malignancy and the second common cause of death in women worldwide. High mortality in breast cancer is frequently associated with metastatic progression rather than the primary tumor itself. It has been recently identified that the CXCR4/CXCL12 axis plays a pivotal role in breast cancer metastasis, especially in directing metastatic cancer cells to CXCL12-riched organs and tissues. Herein, taking the amide-sulfamide as the lead structure, the second-round structural modifications to the sulfamide structure were performed to obtain more active CXCR4 modulators against tumor metastasis. Both in vivo and in vitro experiments illustrated that compound IIIe possessed potent CXCR4 binding affinity, excellent anti-metastatic and anti-angiogenetic activity against breast cancer. More importantly, in a mouse breast cancer lung metastasis model, compound IIIe exerted a significant inhibitory effect on breast cancer metastasis. Taken together, all these positive results demonstrated that developing of CXCR4 modulators is a promising strategy to mediate breast cancer metastasis.
: 乳腺癌是最常被诊断的恶性肿瘤，也是全世界妇女死亡的第二大常见原因。乳腺癌的高死亡率通常与转移进展相关，而不是与原发肿瘤本身相关。最近已经确定CXCR4/CXCL12 轴在乳腺癌转移中起关键作用，特别是在将转移性癌细胞引导至CXCL12-riched器官和组织中。在此，以酰胺-磺酰胺为先导结构，对磺酰胺结构进行第二轮结构修饰，以获得更具活性的CXCR4 抗肿瘤转移调节剂。体内和体外实验都表明，化合物IIIe具有有效的CXCR4 结合亲和力，对乳腺癌具有优异的抗转移和抗血管生成活性。更重要的是，在小鼠乳腺癌肺转移模型中，化合物IIIe对乳腺癌转移表现出显著的抑制作用。总之，所有这些阳性结果表明，开发CXCR4 调节剂是介导乳腺癌转移的有希望的策略。
METHODS::Pulmonary artery sling is a rare congenital anomaly of the origin and course of the left pulmonary artery. Patients with this condition typically present with respiratory failure in young infancy, and asymptomatic cases are uncommon. We describe the case of an adult patient with a lung adenocarcinoma of the right upper lobe, extending into the hilum and superior mediastinum, and with a previously unknown pulmonary artery sling anomaly. The local invasiveness of the tumor and the peculiar vascular anatomy contributed to a unique surgical scenario, wherein multiple reconstructive procedures were required.
METHODS::Patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) have higher risk of developing lung cancer, for example, squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), and show poor prognosis, while the molecular basis has not been fully investigated. Here we conducted DNA methylome analysis of lung SCC using 20 SCC samples with/without IPF, and noncancerous lung tissue samples from smokers/nonsmokers, using Infinium HumanMethylation 450K array. SCC was clustered into low- and high-methylation epigenotypes by hierarchical clustering analysis. Genes hypermethylated in SCC significantly included genes targeted by polycomb repressive complex in embryonic stem cells, and genes associated with Gene Ontology terms, for example, "transcription" and "cell adhesion," while genes hypermethylated specifically in high-methylation subgroup significantly included genes associated with "negative regulation of growth." Low-methylation subgroup significantly correlated with IPF (78%, vs. 17% in high-methylation subgroup, p = 0.04), and the correlation was validated by additional Infinium analysis of SCC samples (n = 44 in total), and data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (n = 390). The correlation between low-methylation subgroup and IPF was further validated by quantitative methylation analysis of marker genes commonly hypermethylated in SCC (HOXA2, HOXA9 and PCDHGB6), and markers specifically hypermethylated in high-methylation subgroup (DLEC1, CFTR, MT1M, CRIP3 and ALDH7A1) in 77 SCC cases using pyrosequencing (p = 0.003). Furthermore, low-methylation epigenotype significantly correlated with poorer prognosis among all SCC patients, or among patients without IPF. Multivariate analysis showed that low-methylation epigenotype is an independent predictor of poor prognosis. These may suggest that lung SCC could be stratified into molecular subtypes with distinct prognosis, and low-methylation lung SCC that significantly correlates with IPF shows unfavorable outcome.
METHODS::The role of Fyn-related kinase (FRK) in malignant tumors remains controversial. Our study investigated the function of FRK in lung cancer. Immunohistochemistry staining and generating a knockout of FRK by CRISPR/Cas9 in H1299 (FRK-KO-H1299) cells were strategies used to explore the role of FRK. Immunohistochemistry staining indicated that FRK expression was elevated in 223 lung cancer tissues compared to 26 distant normal lung tissues. FRK contributed to poor survival status in lung cancer patients and acted as a predictor for poor prognosis of lung cancer. Knockout of FRK by CRISPR/Cas9 markedly inhibited proliferation, invasion, colony formation and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) process in the lung cancer cell line H1299. Further exploration indicated that FRK-KO damaged the stemness phenotype of H1299 by inhibiting CD44 and CD133 expression. Seahorse detection and a U-13 C flux assay revealed that FRK-KO induced metabolism reprogramming by inhibiting the Warburg effect and changing the energy type in H1299 cells. Epidermal growth factor stimulation recovered the expression of FRK and biological functions, metabolic reprogramming and stemness phenotype of H1299 cells. FRK plays an oncogenic role in lung cancer cells via a novel regulation mechanism of enhancing the stemness of H1299 cells by inducing metabolism reprogramming, which finally promotes EMT and metastasis. Our study also indicates that FRK could be used as a potential therapeutic target for drug development.