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Exercise training for adults hospitalized with an acute respiratory condition: a systematic scoping review.

成人急性呼吸疾病住院患者的运动训练: 系统范围回顾。

  • 影响因子:2.77
  • DOI:10.1177/0269215519877930
  • 作者列表:"Rice H","Harrold M","Fowler R","Watson C","Waterer G","Hill K
  • 发表时间:2020-01-01
Abstract

OBJECTIVE:In adults hospitalized with an acute or chronic respiratory condition, to determine what has been reported regarding exercise programmes in terms of content, tolerability, evaluation and adverse events. DATA SOURCES:A systematic search was conducted of electronic databases (PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, PEDro, The Cochrane Library), trial registries and conference abstracts (Thoracic Society of Australia and New Zealand Annual Scientific Meeting, the European Respiratory Society Congress, the American Thoracic Society International Conference). REVIEW METHODS:Studies were included if they (1) recruited adults hospitalized with an acute or chronic respiratory condition, (2) described an exercise programme that targeted peripheral muscles and (3) reported that ⩾80% of the sample had initiated training within 72 hours of hospitalization. RESULTS:The last search was conducted on 2 June 2019. Of the 6282 records identified, 20 met the study criteria. These described 18 separate studies (2018 participants). Studies were conducted in adults hospitalized with an exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or with community-acquired pneumonia. The content of exercise programmes included aerobic and/or resistance training, neuromuscular electrical stimulation, whole-body vibration or movement out of bed. In eight studies (44%), the initial session was prescribed using objective measures of exercise capacity, peripheral muscle force and the ability to undertake activities of daily living. Across 7420 training sessions, seven adverse events were reported. CONCLUSION:Methods used to prescribe and titrate exercise programmes in adults hospitalized with an acute or an exacerbation of a chronic respiratory condition were disparate. When reported, programmes were well tolerated and adverse events were infrequent.

摘要

目的: 在急性或慢性呼吸疾病住院的成人中,确定关于运动计划的内容,耐受性,评估和不良事件的报告。 数据来源: 系统检索电子数据库 (PubMed,EMBASE,CINAHL,PEDro,The Cochrane Library),试验登记和会议摘要 (澳大利亚和新西兰胸腔学会年度科学会议,欧洲呼吸学会大会,美国胸腔学会国际会议)。 审查方法: 如果他们 (1) 招募了急性或慢性呼吸疾病住院的成年人,(2) 描述了针对外周肌肉的锻炼计划和 (3) 报告称,80% 的样本在住院 72 小时内开始训练。 结果: 最后一次检索于 2019 年 6 月 2 日进行。在鉴定的 6282 条记录中,20 条符合研究标准。这些描述了 18 项独立的研究 (2018 名参与者)。研究是在患有慢性阻塞性肺病恶化或患有社区获得性肺炎的成年人中进行的。运动计划的内容包括有氧和/或抗阻训练、神经肌肉电刺激、全身振动或下床运动。在八项研究 (44%) 中,最初的会话是使用运动能力,外周肌肉力和进行日常生活活动的能力的客观测量来规定的。在 7420 次培训中,报告了 7 例不良事件。 结论: 在急性或慢性呼吸疾病加重住院的成人中,用于处方和滴定运动计划的方法是不同的。报告时,方案耐受性良好,不良事件不常见。

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发表时间:2020-02-01
来源期刊:Nature immunology
DOI:10.1038/s41590-019-0571-2
作者列表:["Adrover JM","Aroca-Crevillén A","Crainiciuc G","Ostos F","Rojas-Vega Y","Rubio-Ponce A","Cilloniz C","Bonzón-Kulichenko E","Calvo E","Rico D","Moro MA","Weber C","Lizasoaín I","Torres A","Ruiz-Cabello J","Vázquez J","Hidalgo A"]

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翻译标题与摘要 下载文献
影响因子:2.81
发表时间:2020-01-05
DOI:10.3390/ijerph17010356
作者列表:["Yang LC","Suen YJ","Wang YH","Lin TC","Yu HC","Chang YC"]

METHODS::Pneumonia is a common respiratory infectious disease that involves the inflammation of the pulmonary parenchyma. Periodontal disease is widespread and correlated with pneumonia. However, the relationship between periodontal treatment and clinical infectious outcomes in patients with pneumonia has remained undetermined. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between periodontal treatment and the risk of pneumonia events in the Taiwanese population. A nationwide population-based cohort study was conducted using data from the Taiwanese National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD). A total of 49,400 chronic periodontitis patients who received periodontal treatment from 2001 to 2012 were selected. In addition, 49,400 healthy individuals without periodontal diseases were picked randomly from the general population after propensity score matching according to age, gender, monthly income, urbanization, and comorbidities. The Cox proportional hazard regression analysis was adopted to assess the hazard ratio (HR) of pneumonia between the periodontal treatment cohort and the comparison cohort. The average ages of the periodontal treatment and comparison groups were 44.25 ± 14.82 years and 44.15 ± 14.5 years, respectively. The follow up durations were 7.66 and 7.41 years for the periodontal treatment and comparison groups, respectively. We found 2504 and 1922 patients with newly diagnosed pneumonia in the comparison cohort and the periodontal treatment cohort, respectively. The Kaplan-Meier plot revealed that the cumulative incidence of pneumonia was significantly lower over the 12 year follow-up period in the periodontal treatment group (using the log-rank test, p < 0.001). In conclusion, this nationwide population-based study indicated that the patients with periodontal treatment exhibited a significantly lower risk of pneumonia than the general population.

翻译标题与摘要 下载文献
影响因子:2.89
发表时间:2020-04-01
DOI:10.1016/j.ijid.2020.01.038
作者列表:["Ngocho JS","Horumpende PG","de Jonge MI","Mmbaga BT"]

METHODS:OBJECTIVE:To describe the treatment of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in children under five years in Tanzania. METHODS:Between January and December 2017, children aged 2-59 months with chest radiography-confirmed CAP were enrolled. The parents were interviewed to collect information on the patients and home-based medication. Clinical information was derived from the patient files. Nasopharyngeal swab and blood samples were collected for isolation of the causative pathogens. Swab samples were analysed by quantitative PCR whereas blood samples were tested using BacT/Alert 3D. RESULTS:Overall, 109 children with CAP were included in this analysis. Provision of care to most children was delayed (median = 4.6 days). A quarter (26.6%) were given unprescribed/leftover antibiotics at home. Only one child had positive bacterial culture. Referrals were associated with nasopharyngeal carriage of Streptococcus pneumoniae (p = 0.003) and Haemophilus influenzae (p = 0.004). Of all admitted children, more than a quarter (n = 29) did not need to be hospitalised and inappropriately received injectable instead of oral antibiotics. CONCLUSION:We found high rates of home treatment, particularly with antibiotics. Appropriate health care was delayed for most children because of home treatment. Efforts are needed at the community level to improve awareness of antimicrobial resistance.

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肺炎方向

肺炎是指终末气道、肺泡和肺间质的炎症。可由细菌、病毒、真菌、寄生虫等致病微生物,以及放射线、吸入性异物等理化因素引起。临床主要症状为发热、咳嗽、咳痰、痰中带血,可伴胸痛或呼吸困难等。

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