MiR-23a-3p promoted G1/S cell cycle transition by targeting protocadherin17 in hepatocellular carcinoma
MiR-23a-3p 通过靶向原钙黏蛋白 17 促进肝癌 G1/S 细胞周期转换
- 作者列表："Xiang, Yien","Yang, Yongsheng","Lin, Chao","Wu, Jiacheng","Zhang, Xuewen
MiR-23a-3p has been shown to promote liver cancer cell growth and metastasis and regulate that of chemosensitivity. Protocadherin17 (PCDH17) is a tumor suppressor gene and plays an essential part in cell cycle of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). This study aimed at evaluating the effects of miR-23a-3p and PCDH17 on HCC cell cycle and underlining the mechanism. The level of miR-23a-3p was up-regulated, while PCDH17 level was down-regulated in HCC tissues compared to adjacent tissues. For the in vitro studies, high expression of miR-23a-3p down-regulated PCDH17 level; increased cell viability; promoted G1/S cell cycle transition; up-regulated cyclin D1, cyclin E, CDK2, CDK4, p-p27, and p-RB levels; and down-regulated the expression of p27. Dual luciferase reporter assay suggested PCDH17 was a target gene of miR-23a-3p. MiR-23a-3p inhibitor and PCDH17 siRNA led to an increase in cell viability and the number of cells in the S phase and up-regulated cyclin D1 and cyclin E levels, compared with miR-23a-3p inhibitor and NC siRNA group. For the in vivo experiments, high expression of miR-23a-3p promoted tumor growth and reduced PCDH17 level in the cytoplasm. These results indicated that high expression of miR-23a-3p might promote G1/S cell cycle transition by targeting PCDH17 in HCC cells. The miR-23a-3p could be considered as a molecular target for HCC detection.
MiR-23a-3p 已被证明可以促进肝癌细胞的生长和转移，并调节化疗敏感性。原钙粘蛋白 17 (PCDH17) 是一种肿瘤抑制基因，在肝细胞癌 (HCC) 细胞周期中发挥重要作用。本研究旨在探讨 miR-23a-3p 和 PCDH17 对肝癌细胞周期的影响及其作用机制。与癌旁组织相比，肝癌组织中 miR-23a-3p 水平上调，而 PCDH17 水平下调。在体外研究中，高表达 miR-23a-3p 下调 PCDH17 水平; 增加细胞活力; 促进 G1/S 细胞周期转换; 上调 cyclin D1 、 cyclin E 、 CDK2 、 CDK4 、 p-p27 和 p-RB 水平; 并下调 p27 的表达。双荧光素酶报告基因检测提示 PCDH17 是 miR-23a-3p 的靶基因。MiR-23a-3p 抑制剂和 PCDH17 siRNA 导致细胞活力和 S 期细胞数量增加，并上调 cyclin D1 和 cyclin E 水平, 比较 miR-23a-3p 抑制剂和 NC siRNA 组。在体内实验中，miR-23a-3p 的高表达促进了肿瘤的生长，并降低了胞浆中 PCDH17 的水平。这些结果表明，miR-23a-3p 高表达可能通过靶向 PCDH17 促进肝癌细胞 G1/S 周期的转变。MiR-23a-3p 可作为肝癌检测的分子靶点。
METHODS:BACKGROUND:Opioids are often prescribed for pain in cirrhosis and may increase the risk of hepatic encephalopathy (HE). AIMS:To assess the association between opioids and HE in patients with well-compensated cirrhosis. METHODS:We used the IQVIA PharMetrics (Durham, NC) database to identify patients aged 18-64 years with cirrhosis. We excluded patients with any decompensation event from 1 year before cirrhosis diagnosis to 6 months after cirrhosis diagnosis. Over the 6 months after cirrhosis diagnosis, we determined the duration of continuous opioid use and classified use into short term (1-89 days) and chronic (90-180 days). We assessed whether patients developed HE over the subsequent year (ie 6-18 months after cirrhosis diagnosis). We used a landmark analysis and performed multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression to assess associations between opioid use and HE, adjusting for relevant confounders. RESULTS:The cohort included 6451 patients with compensated cirrhosis, of whom 23.3% and 4.7% had short-term and chronic opioid prescriptions respectively. Over the subsequent year, HE occurred in 6.3% patients with chronic opioid prescriptions, 5.0% with short-term opioid prescriptions and 3.3% with no opioid prescriptions. In the multivariable model, an increased risk of HE was observed with short-term (adjusted hazard ratio, HR 1.44, 95% CI 1.07-1.94) and chronic opioid prescriptions (adjusted HR 1.83, 95% CI 1.07-3.12) compared to no opioid prescriptions. CONCLUSION:In this national cohort of privately insured patients with cirrhosis, opioid prescriptions were associated with the risk of incident HE. Opioid use should be minimised in those with cirrhosis and, when required, limited to short duration.
METHODS:BACKGROUND AND AIMS:Cirrhosis is characterized by extensive fibrosis of the liver and is a major cause of liver-related mortality. Cirrhosis is partially heritable but genetic contributions to cirrhosis have not been systemically explored. Here, we carry out association analyses with cirrhosis in two large biobanks and determine the effects of cirrhosis associated variants on multiple human disease/traits. METHODS:We carried out a genome-wide association analysis of cirrhosis as a diagnosis in UK BioBank (UKBB; 1088 cases vs. 407 873 controls) and then tested top-associating loci for replication with cirrhosis in a hospital-based cohort from the Michigan Genomics Initiative (MGI; 875 cases of cirrhosis vs. 30 346 controls). For replicating variants or variants previously associated with cirrhosis that also affected cirrhosis in UKBB or MGI, we determined single nucleotide polymorphism effects on all other diagnoses in UKBB (PheWAS), common metabolic traits/diseases and serum/plasma metabolites. RESULTS:Unbiased genome-wide association study identified variants in/near PNPLA3 and HFE, and candidate variant analysis identified variants in/near TM6SF2, MBOAT7, SERPINA1, HSD17B13, STAT4 and IFNL4 that reproducibly affected cirrhosis. Most affected liver enzyme concentrations and/or aspartate transaminase-to-platelet ratio index. PheWAS, metabolic trait and serum/plasma metabolite association analyses revealed effects of these variants on lipid, inflammatory and other processes including new effects on many human diseases and traits. CONCLUSIONS:We identified eight loci that reproducibly associate with population-based cirrhosis and define their diverse effects on human diseases and traits.
METHODS:BACKGROUND:Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is a serious complication in patients with liver cirrhosis. In recent years, it has been postulated that the rate of multidrug-resistant organisms (MDROs) is increasing, especially in nosocomial SBP patients. Aim of the present work was to investigate this hypothesis and its possible clinical consequences. MATERIALS AND METHODS:One hundred and three culture-positive patients between 2007 and 2014 were compared with 81 patients between 2015 and 2017, to study the change of microbiological profiles and their clinical consequences. The cirrhosis patients with bacterascites requiring treatment were included as well. RESULTS:The most prevalent Gram-negative bacteria isolated from ascites were Enterobacterales (31.6%) and in Gram-positive pathogens Staphylococci (22.8%). There was a significant increase in MDROs (22.3% ICU 40.7%, P = .048), accompanied by an increased incidence of sepsis (from 21.4% to 37.0%, P = .021), hepatorenal syndrome (from 40.8% to 58.0%, P = .007) and the need of catecholamine therapy (from 21.4% to 38.8%, P = .036). Nosocomial origin correlated with higher MDRO proportion, more complications and lower antimicrobial susceptibility rates in 12 commonly used antibiotics. MDROs were confirmed as an isolated predictor for inpatient mortality and complications in multivariable logistic regression. CONCLUSIONS:The feeling in clinical practice that MDROs have increased in the last 11 years could be confirmed in our study in Munich, Germany. Nosocomial SBP correlated with significantly higher MDRO rates (nearly 50%) and complication rates. In our opinion, an antibiotic combination with comprehensive effect should be taken into account in nosocomial SBP patients in this region.