Differential miRNA expression analysis of extracellular vesicles from brain microvascular pericytes in spontaneous hypertensive rats.
自发性高血压大鼠脑微血管周细胞胞外囊泡的差异 miRNA 表达分析。
- 作者列表："Wu Q","Yuan X","Li B","Yang J","Han R","Zhang H","Xiu R
OBJECTIVE:This study is to explore the exact roles of extracellular vesicle (EVs) miRNAs from brain microvascular pericytes in the pathogenesis of hypertension. RESULTS:Forty-eight significantly differentially expressed miRNAs were identified, of which 17 were found to be upregulated and 31 were found to be downregulated in brain microvascular pericytes of spontaneous hypertensive rats, compared with that of normotension Wistar Kyoto rats. The GO enrichment analysis verified that the target genes were enriched in signaling pathways and molecular functions, such as metal ion binding, nucleotide binding and ATP binding. The KEGG analysis indicated that the target genes were enriched in Linoleic acid, alpha-linolenic acid and sphingolipid metabolism pathways. CONCLUSIONS:Several EV derived miRNAs, such as miR-21-5p, let-7c-5p and let-7a-5p, were found to be abnormally expressed in brain microvascular pericytes obtained from spontaneous hypertensive rats, compared with that of normotension Wistar Kyoto rats. The results of our research provide more insights into the functional link between brain microvascular pericytes and the pathogenesis of hypertension.
目的: 本研究旨在探讨脑微血管周细胞胞外囊泡 (EVs) miRNAs 在高血压发病机制中的确切作用。 结果: 鉴定出 48 个显著差异表达的 miRNAs，其中在自发性高血压大鼠脑微血管周细胞中发现 17 个上调，31 个下调, 与正常血压 Wistar 京都大鼠比较。GO 富集分析验证了靶基因在信号通路和分子功能上的富集，如金属离子结合、核苷酸结合和 ATP 结合。KEGG 分析表明，目的基因富集于亚油酸、 α-亚麻酸和鞘脂代谢途径。 结论: 与正常血压状态的 Wistar Kyoto 大鼠相比，自发性高血压大鼠脑微血管周细胞中存在 miR-21-5p 、 let-7c-5p 、 let-7a-5p 等 EV 来源的 miRNAs 异常表达。我们的研究结果为脑微血管周细胞与高血压发病机制之间的功能联系提供了更多的见解。
METHODS:BACKGROUND:Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) increase cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. Pregnancy morbidities, including preeclampsia, and CVD are common in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Possible connections are important to explore. In a population-based cohort, we investigated whether HDP is associated with a higher risk of cardiovascular outcomes separately in SLE and non-SLE to examine the role of SLE. METHODS:We identified first singleton births in the Medical Birth Register (1987-2012) among mothers with SLE and a large general population comparison group. Discharge diagnoses for HDP, cardiovascular outcomes, and hypertension in the Patient Register were identified using ICD codes. We estimated adjusted hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals (HR, 95% CI) of the association between HDP and outcomes, in separate models in women with and without SLE. We then evaluated additive and multiplicative effect modification using relative excess risk due to interaction and Cox models jointly accounting for SLE and HDP, respectively. Mediation analysis estimated the proportion of the association between SLE and outcome explained by HDP. RESULTS:HDP were more common in SLE pregnancies (20% vs 7%). In SLE, HDP were associated with a two-fold higher rate of cardiovascular outcomes and three-fold higher rate of incident hypertension. HDP mediated 20% of the latter association. In women without SLE, HDP was associated with higher hypertension incidence later in life. CONCLUSION:In women with and without SLE, HDP were associated with a three-fold higher rate of hypertension. In SLE, women with HDP developed cardiovascular outcomes twice as often as women without HDP.
METHODS:BACKGROUND:'Neuronal precursor cell expressed developmentally down-regulated 4-like' (NEDD4L) is considered a candidate gene for hypertension-both functionally and genetically-through the regulation of the ubiquitination of the epithelial sodium channel (ENaC). This study explores the relationship between genetic variation in NEDD4L and hypertension with chronic kidney disease (CKD) in the southeastern Han Chinese population. METHODS:We recruited 623 CKD patients and measured ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM), and the rs4149601 and rs2288774 polymorphisms in NEDD4L were genotyped using qPCR. RESULTS:For rs4149601, significant differences in genotype frequencies in an additive model (GG vs GA vs AA) were observed between normotensive patients and hypertensive patients when hypertension was classified into ambulatory hypertension, clinical hypertension and ambulatory systolic hypertension (P = 0.038, 0.005 and 0.006, respectively). In a recessive model (GG+GA vs AA), the frequency of the AA genotype of rs4149601 in the hypertension groups were all higher than that in the normotensive groups. The genotype distribution of rs2288774 did not differ significantly between the normotensive and hypertensive patients. In both the full cohort and the propensity score matching (PSM) cohort, the AA genotype of rs4149601 (compared to the GG+GA genotype group) was independently correlated with ambulatory hypertension, clinical hypertension and ambulatory systolic hypertension by multivariate logistic regression analysis. CONCLUSIONS:The present study indicates that the AA genotype of rs4149601 associates with hypertension in CKD. Consequently, the rs4149601 A allele might be a risk factor for hypertension with CKD.
METHODS:BACKGROUND:The burden of hypertension in many low-and middle-income countries is alarming and requires effective evidence-based preventative strategies that is carefully appraised and accepted by key stakeholders to ensure successful implementation and sustainability. We assessed nurses' perceptions of a recently completed Task Shifting Strategy for Hypertension control (TASSH) trial in Ghana, and facilitators and challenges to TASSH implementation. METHODS:Focus group sessions and in-depth interviews were conducted with 27 community health nurses from participating health centers and district hospitals involved in the TASSH trial implemented in the Ashanti Region, Ghana, West Africa from 2012 to 2017. TASSH evaluated the comparative effectiveness of the WHO-PEN program versus provision of health insurance for blood pressure reduction in hypertensive adults. Qualitative data were analyzed using open and axial coding techniques with emerging themes mapped onto the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR). RESULTS:Three themes emerged following deductive analysis using CFIR, including: (1) Patient health goal setting- relative priority and positive feedback from nurses, which motivated patients to make healthy behavior changes as a result of their health being a priority; (2) Leadership engagement (i.e., medical directors) which influenced the extent to which nurses were able to successfully implement TASSH in their various facilities, with most directors being very supportive; and (3) Availability of resources making it possible to implement the TASSH protocol, with limited space and personnel time to carry out TASSH duties, limited blood pressure (BP) monitoring equipment, and transportation, listed as barriers to effective implementation. CONCLUSION:Assessing stakeholders' perception of the TASSH implementation process guided by CFIR is crucial as it provides a platform for the nurses to thoroughly evaluate the task shifting program, while considering the local context in which the program is implemented. The feedback from the nurses informed barriers and facilitators to implementation of TASSH within the current healthcare system, and suggested system level changes needed prior to scale-up of TASSH to other regions in Ghana with potential for long-term sustainment of the task shifting intervention. TRIAL REGISTRATION:Trial registration for parent TASSH study: NCT01802372. Registered February 27, 2013.