Mechanism of contractile dysfunction induced by serotonin in coronary artery in spontaneously hypertensive rats.
- 作者列表："Wang H","Gao XY","Rao F","Yang H","Wang ZY","Liu L","Kuang SJ","Wu Q","Deng CY","Xu JS
:Hypertension is one of the risk factors for coronary heart disease. The present study investigated the mechanism of contractile dysfunction induced by serotonin (5-HT) in coronary artery in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). Coronary arteries were isolated form SHRs and Wistar rats. Arterial ring contraction was measured using a multi myograph system. Intracellular calcium concentration was measured with a Ca2+ probe fluo-4/AM in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) isolated from coronary arteries. Signaling pathway-related proteins were assayed by western blotting. A 5-HT2A receptor blocker, sarpogrelate, completely eliminated coronary artery contraction induced by 5-HT. PLCβ inhibitor U73122 also significantly inhibited the response to 5-HT. Compared with the Wistar rats, serotonin (5-HT)- and CaCl2-induced coronary vasoconstriction in the SHRs was significantly reduced. Rho-associated protein kinase inhibitor Y27632, PKC inhibitor rottlerin, and L-type calcium channel blocker nifedipine inhibited the 5-HT-induced coronary artery contraction in a dose-dependent manner in SHRs and Wistar rats. However, the inhibitory effects were reduced in SHRs. In addition, store-operated Ca2+ (SOC) induced an obvious Ca2+ influx in coronary arterial smooth muscle cells, whereas SOC-mediated contraction was very slight in coronary arteries. At the same time, it was found that 5-HT2AR, IP3R, and Cav1.2 protein expression and PKCδ activity were decreased, and STIM1 and Orai1 were increased in VSMCs from coronary arteries of SHRs compared with Wistar rats. These results implicate calcium-handling dysfunction mediated by the 5-HT2A receptor and downstream signaling pathway might lead to a reduction in 5-HT-induced contraction in SHR coronary arteries.
: 高血压是冠心病的危险因素之一。本研究探讨 5-羟色胺 (5-HT) 引起自发性高血压大鼠 (shr) 冠状动脉收缩功能障碍的机制。从 SHRs 和 Wistar 大鼠中分离冠状动脉。使用多肌图系统测量动脉环收缩。用 Ca2 + 探针 fluo-4/AM 测定冠状动脉血管平滑肌细胞 (VSMCs) 内钙离子浓度。Western blotting 检测信号通路相关蛋白。一种 5-HT2A 受体阻断剂 sarpogere 完全消除了 5-HT 诱导的冠状动脉收缩。Plc β 抑制剂 U73122 也显著抑制对 5-HT 的反应。与 Wistar 大鼠相比，SHRs 的 5-羟色胺 (5-HT)-和 CaCl2-induced 冠状动脉收缩显著降低。Rho 相关蛋白激酶抑制剂 Y27632 、 PKC 抑制剂 rottlerin 和 L 型钙通道阻滞剂硝苯地平以剂量依赖性方式抑制 SHRs 和 Wistar 大鼠 5-ht 诱导的冠状动脉收缩。然而，SHRs 的抑制作用降低。此外，存储操作的 Ca2 + (SOC) 在冠状动脉平滑肌细胞中诱导了明显的 Ca2 + 内流，而 SOC 介导的收缩在冠状动脉中非常轻微。同时发现 5-HT2AR 、 IP3R 、和 Cav1.2 蛋白表达和 pkc δ 活性降低, 与 Wistar 大鼠相比，SHRs 冠状动脉 VSMCs 中 STIM1 和 Orai1 增加。这些结果暗示由 5-HT2A 受体和下游信号通路介导的钙处理功能障碍可能导致 SHR 冠状动脉 5-ht 诱导的收缩减少。
METHODS:BACKGROUND:Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) increase cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. Pregnancy morbidities, including preeclampsia, and CVD are common in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Possible connections are important to explore. In a population-based cohort, we investigated whether HDP is associated with a higher risk of cardiovascular outcomes separately in SLE and non-SLE to examine the role of SLE. METHODS:We identified first singleton births in the Medical Birth Register (1987-2012) among mothers with SLE and a large general population comparison group. Discharge diagnoses for HDP, cardiovascular outcomes, and hypertension in the Patient Register were identified using ICD codes. We estimated adjusted hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals (HR, 95% CI) of the association between HDP and outcomes, in separate models in women with and without SLE. We then evaluated additive and multiplicative effect modification using relative excess risk due to interaction and Cox models jointly accounting for SLE and HDP, respectively. Mediation analysis estimated the proportion of the association between SLE and outcome explained by HDP. RESULTS:HDP were more common in SLE pregnancies (20% vs 7%). In SLE, HDP were associated with a two-fold higher rate of cardiovascular outcomes and three-fold higher rate of incident hypertension. HDP mediated 20% of the latter association. In women without SLE, HDP was associated with higher hypertension incidence later in life. CONCLUSION:In women with and without SLE, HDP were associated with a three-fold higher rate of hypertension. In SLE, women with HDP developed cardiovascular outcomes twice as often as women without HDP.
METHODS:BACKGROUND:'Neuronal precursor cell expressed developmentally down-regulated 4-like' (NEDD4L) is considered a candidate gene for hypertension-both functionally and genetically-through the regulation of the ubiquitination of the epithelial sodium channel (ENaC). This study explores the relationship between genetic variation in NEDD4L and hypertension with chronic kidney disease (CKD) in the southeastern Han Chinese population. METHODS:We recruited 623 CKD patients and measured ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM), and the rs4149601 and rs2288774 polymorphisms in NEDD4L were genotyped using qPCR. RESULTS:For rs4149601, significant differences in genotype frequencies in an additive model (GG vs GA vs AA) were observed between normotensive patients and hypertensive patients when hypertension was classified into ambulatory hypertension, clinical hypertension and ambulatory systolic hypertension (P = 0.038, 0.005 and 0.006, respectively). In a recessive model (GG+GA vs AA), the frequency of the AA genotype of rs4149601 in the hypertension groups were all higher than that in the normotensive groups. The genotype distribution of rs2288774 did not differ significantly between the normotensive and hypertensive patients. In both the full cohort and the propensity score matching (PSM) cohort, the AA genotype of rs4149601 (compared to the GG+GA genotype group) was independently correlated with ambulatory hypertension, clinical hypertension and ambulatory systolic hypertension by multivariate logistic regression analysis. CONCLUSIONS:The present study indicates that the AA genotype of rs4149601 associates with hypertension in CKD. Consequently, the rs4149601 A allele might be a risk factor for hypertension with CKD.
METHODS:BACKGROUND:The burden of hypertension in many low-and middle-income countries is alarming and requires effective evidence-based preventative strategies that is carefully appraised and accepted by key stakeholders to ensure successful implementation and sustainability. We assessed nurses' perceptions of a recently completed Task Shifting Strategy for Hypertension control (TASSH) trial in Ghana, and facilitators and challenges to TASSH implementation. METHODS:Focus group sessions and in-depth interviews were conducted with 27 community health nurses from participating health centers and district hospitals involved in the TASSH trial implemented in the Ashanti Region, Ghana, West Africa from 2012 to 2017. TASSH evaluated the comparative effectiveness of the WHO-PEN program versus provision of health insurance for blood pressure reduction in hypertensive adults. Qualitative data were analyzed using open and axial coding techniques with emerging themes mapped onto the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR). RESULTS:Three themes emerged following deductive analysis using CFIR, including: (1) Patient health goal setting- relative priority and positive feedback from nurses, which motivated patients to make healthy behavior changes as a result of their health being a priority; (2) Leadership engagement (i.e., medical directors) which influenced the extent to which nurses were able to successfully implement TASSH in their various facilities, with most directors being very supportive; and (3) Availability of resources making it possible to implement the TASSH protocol, with limited space and personnel time to carry out TASSH duties, limited blood pressure (BP) monitoring equipment, and transportation, listed as barriers to effective implementation. CONCLUSION:Assessing stakeholders' perception of the TASSH implementation process guided by CFIR is crucial as it provides a platform for the nurses to thoroughly evaluate the task shifting program, while considering the local context in which the program is implemented. The feedback from the nurses informed barriers and facilitators to implementation of TASSH within the current healthcare system, and suggested system level changes needed prior to scale-up of TASSH to other regions in Ghana with potential for long-term sustainment of the task shifting intervention. TRIAL REGISTRATION:Trial registration for parent TASSH study: NCT01802372. Registered February 27, 2013.