甲状旁腺激素增加 CFTR 在 Caco-2 肠上皮细胞中的表达和功能。
- 作者列表："Jantarajit W","Wongdee K","Lertsuwan K","Teerapornpuntakit J","Aeimlapa R","Thongbunchoo J","Harvey BSJ","Sheppard DN","Charoenphandhu N
:Parathyroid hormone (PTH) enhances cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR)-mediated anion secretion by the human intestinal epithelial cell line Caco-2. With the patch-clamp and Ussing chamber techniques, we investigated how PTH stimulates CFTR activity in Caco-2 cells. Cell-attached recordings revealed that PTH stimulated the opening of CFTR-like channels, while impedance analysis demonstrated that PTH increased apical membrane capacitance, a measure of membrane surface area. Using ion substitution experiments, the PTH-stimulated increase in short-circuit current (Isc), a measure of transepithelial ion transport, was demonstrated to be Cl-- and HCO3--dependent. However, the PTH-stimulated increase in Isc was unaffected by the carbonic anhydrase inhibitor acetazolamide, but partially blocked by the intermediate-conductance Ca2+-activated K+ channel (IKCa) inhibitor clotrimazole. TRAM-34, a related IKCa inhibitor, failed to directly inhibit CFTR Cl- channels in cell-free membrane patches, excluding its action on CFTR. In conclusion, PTH enhances CFTR-mediated anion secretion by Caco-2 monolayers by increasing the expression and function of CFTR in the apical membrane and IKCa activity in the basolateral membrane.
: 甲状旁腺激素 (PTH) 增强人肠上皮细胞系 Caco-2 的囊性纤维化跨膜传导调节因子 (CFTR) 介导的阴离子分泌。通过膜片钳技术和使用小室技术，我们研究了 PTH 如何刺激 Caco-2 细胞中的 CFTR 活性。细胞附着记录发现 PTH 刺激 CFTR 样通道的开放，而阻抗分析证明 PTH 增加了顶膜电容，这是膜表面积的量度。使用离子取代实验，PTH 刺激的短路电流 (Isc) 增加，一种跨上皮离子转运的测量，被证明是 Cl-和 HCO3-依赖性的。然而，PTH 刺激的 Isc 增加不受碳酸酐酶抑制剂乙酰唑胺的影响，但部分被中间电导 Ca2 + 激活的 K + 通道 (IKCa) 抑制剂克霉唑阻断。相关 IKCa 抑制剂 TRAM-34 未能直接抑制无细胞膜贴中的 CFTR Cl-通道，不包括其对 CFTR 的作用。总之，PTH 通过增加顶端膜中 CFTR 的表达和功能以及基底外侧膜中 IKCa 的活性来增强 Caco-2 单层的 CFTR 介导的阴离子分泌。
METHODS:OBJECTIVES:To assess the prevalence of Hashimoto thyroiditis (HT) in primary thyroid lymphoma (PTL) and whether it differs between mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). METHODS:Electronic databases were searched for studies assessing HT prevalence in PTL, based on antithyroid antibodies, clinical history, or pathology. Pooled prevalence of HT and its association with histotype (MALT or DLBCL) were calculated. RESULTS:Thirty-eight studies with 1,346 PTLs were included. Pooled prevalence results were 78.9% (any HT evidence), 65.3% (antithyroid antibodies), 41.7% (clinical history), and 64% (pathology). HT prevalence was significantly higher in MALT lymphoma than in DLBCL (P = .007) and in mixed DLBCL/MALT than in pure DLBCL (P = .002). CONCLUSIONS:Overall, 78.9% of patients with PTL have any HT evidence, but only half of these had been clinically followed. The difference in HT prevalence suggests that a subset of DLBCL may not derive from MALT lymphoma.
METHODS:Background Whether chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis (CLT) influences the risk of development and the progression of papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) remains uncertain. We investigated the effects of CLT on the clinicopathologic features and prognosis of PTC. Methods Two thousand nine hundred twenty-eight consecutive patients with PTC treated between 2009 and 2017 were divided into two groups: one with chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis and one without; 1174 (40%) of the patients had coincident CLT. Results In univariate analysis, CLT correlated positively with small tumor size, frequent extrathyroidal extension, multifocal diseases, and p53 but negatively with central lymph node (LN) metastasis and BRAF mutation. In multivariate analysis, CLT was associated with extrathyroidal extension and multifocal disease; however, it was not a prognostic factor for recurrence even though it was associated with two aggressive factors. Compared with patients with PTC alone, there were more retrieved central LNs in the PTC + CLT group, and these patients also underwent more invasive diagnostic tests such as fine needle aspiration cytology and frozen biopsy of LN. Conclusions The CLT patients with PTC had better behavior features and prognoses than did those with PTC alone despite frequent multifocality and extrathyroidal extension. However, precaution may be necessary to avoid performing invasive diagnostic procedures for lateral LN metastasis and to manage the patients appropriately.
METHODS::PTPN2 is one of the members of the protein Tyrosine Phosphatases (PTPs) family. To explore the promotive effect of upregulated PTPN2 induced by inflammatory response or oxidative stress on the progression of thyroid cancer. PTPN2 level in thyroid cancer tissues and cell lines was detected. Kaplan-Meier method was applied for evaluating the prognostic value of PTPN2 in thyroid cancer patients. After stimulation of inflammatory response (treatment of IFN-γ and TNF-α), or oxidative stress (treatment of H2O2), protein level of PTPN2 in K1 cells was measured by Western blot. Regulatory effects of PTPN2 on EdU-positive staining and Ki-67 positive cell ratio in K1 cells either with H2O2 stimulation or not were determined. PTPN2 was upregulated in thyroid cancer tissues and cell lines. Its level was higher in metastatic thyroid cancer patients than those of non-metastatic ones. High level of PTPN2 predicted worse prognosis of thyroid cancer. Treatment of either IFN-γ or TNF-α upregulated protein level of PTPN2 in K1 cells. Meanwhile, H2O2 stimulation upregulated PTPN2, which was reversed by NAC administration. With the stimulation of increased doses of H2O2, EdU-positive staining and Ki-67 positive cell ratio were dose-dependently elevated. Silence of PTPN2 attenuated proliferative ability and Ki-67 expression in K1 cells either with H2O2 stimulation or not. Inflammatory response or oxidative stress induces upregulation of PTPN2, thus promoting the progression of thyroid cancer.