Dynamic CT myocardial perfusion imaging.
- 作者列表："Nieman K","Balla S
:Cardiac CT offers several approaches to establish the hemodynamic severity of coronary artery obstructions. Dynamic myocardial perfusion CT (MPICT) is based on serial CT imaging to measure the inflow of contrast medium into the myocardium and calculate absolute measures of myocardial perfusion. This review describes the MPICT acquisition protocol, post-image acquisition processing and calculation of quantitative parameters, the diagnostic performance of MPICT and the potential incremental value of this technique in comparison to alternative approaches. Further technical innovation using different scanner platforms and establishment of reproducible diagnostic thresholds to differentiate significant coronary artery disease will be crucial in the path to broader clinical implementation.
: 心脏CT提供了几种方法来确定冠状动脉阻塞的血液动力学严重程度。动态心肌灌注CT (MPICT) 是基于系列CT成像测量对比剂流入心肌并计算心肌灌注的绝对测量值。本综述描述了MPICT采集协议，后图像采集处理和定量参数的计算，MPICT的诊断性能以及与替代方法相比该技术的潜在增量值。使用不同扫描仪平台的进一步技术创新和建立可重复的诊断阈值以区分显著的冠状动脉疾病将是更广泛临床实施的关键。
METHODS::We present the case of a 61-year-old woman with a large tumoral infiltration extending from the pelvis throughout the inferior vena cava inferior to the right atrium, protruding into the right ventricle and right ventricular outflow tract. She had been treated 10 years before for low-grade endometrial stromal sarcoma by hysterectomy and adnexectomy followed by hormone- and radio-therapy. Due to cancer recurrence, she underwent peritonectomy, appendectomy, and resection of terminal ileum.
METHODS:AIMS:Significant platelet activation after long stented coronary segments has been associated with periprocedural microvascular impairment and myonecrosis. In long lesions treated either with an everolimus-eluting bioresorbable vascular scaffold (BVS) or an everolimus-eluting stent (EES), we aimed to investigate (a) procedure-related microvascular impairment, and (b) the relationship of platelet activation with microvascular function and related myonecrosis. METHODS AND RESULTS:Patients (n=66) undergoing elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in long lesions were randomised 1:1 to either BVS or EES. The primary endpoint was the difference between groups in changes of pressure-derived corrected index of microvascular resistance (cIMR) after PCI. Periprocedural myonecrosis was assessed by high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT), platelet reactivity by high-sensitivity adenosine diphosphate (hs-ADP)-induced platelet reactivity with the Multiplate Analyzer. Post-dilatation was more frequent in the BVS group, with consequent longer procedure time. A significant difference was observed between the two groups in the primary endpoint of ΔcIMR (p=0.04). hs-ADP was not different between the groups at different time points. hs-cTnT significantly increased after PCI, without difference between the groups. CONCLUSIONS:In long lesions, BVS implantation is associated with significant acute reduction in IMR as compared with EES, with no significant interaction with platelet reactivity or periprocedural myonecrosis.
METHODS:BACKGROUND:Aortopulmonary window is an uncommon congenital heart disease, with untreated cases not surviving beyond childhood. However, very rarely it can present in adult patients with features of pulmonary hypertension. Clinically these patients cannot be differentiated from other more common conditions with left to right shunt. Transthoracic echocardiography if performed meticulously, can depict the defect in aortopulmonary septum. RESULTS:We report a case of large unrepaired aortopulmonary window in a 23 years old patient, diagnosed on transthoracic echocardiography.