Left Ventricular Outflow Tract Obstruction From Preserved Leaflet After Mitral Valve Replacement.
- 作者列表："Gulkarov I","Das M","Bronchard K","Imam M","Rosell F","Lackey A","Ramasubbu K","Afzal A
:Left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (LVOTO) can be caused by multiple factors. One of the rare causes of LVOTO is preserved anterior mitral valve leaflet and chordal apparatus after mitral valve replacement. We describe a case of a patient with worsening chronic congestive heart failure secondary to LVOTO from systolic anterior motion of residual native anterior mitral leaflet. In this patient, LVOTO was surgically corrected by excision of anterior leaflet and chordal apparatus through the aortic root.
: 左心室流出道梗阻 (LVOTO) 可由多种因素引起。LVOTO的罕见原因之一是二尖瓣置换后保留二尖瓣前叶和腱索装置。我们描述了一例患者，由于残留的天然二尖瓣前叶的收缩期前向运动，继发于LVOTO的慢性充血性心力衰竭恶化。在该患者中，LVOTO通过主动脉根部切除前叶和腱索装置进行手术矫正。
METHODS::We present the case of a 61-year-old woman with a large tumoral infiltration extending from the pelvis throughout the inferior vena cava inferior to the right atrium, protruding into the right ventricle and right ventricular outflow tract. She had been treated 10 years before for low-grade endometrial stromal sarcoma by hysterectomy and adnexectomy followed by hormone- and radio-therapy. Due to cancer recurrence, she underwent peritonectomy, appendectomy, and resection of terminal ileum.
METHODS:AIMS:Significant platelet activation after long stented coronary segments has been associated with periprocedural microvascular impairment and myonecrosis. In long lesions treated either with an everolimus-eluting bioresorbable vascular scaffold (BVS) or an everolimus-eluting stent (EES), we aimed to investigate (a) procedure-related microvascular impairment, and (b) the relationship of platelet activation with microvascular function and related myonecrosis. METHODS AND RESULTS:Patients (n=66) undergoing elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in long lesions were randomised 1:1 to either BVS or EES. The primary endpoint was the difference between groups in changes of pressure-derived corrected index of microvascular resistance (cIMR) after PCI. Periprocedural myonecrosis was assessed by high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT), platelet reactivity by high-sensitivity adenosine diphosphate (hs-ADP)-induced platelet reactivity with the Multiplate Analyzer. Post-dilatation was more frequent in the BVS group, with consequent longer procedure time. A significant difference was observed between the two groups in the primary endpoint of ΔcIMR (p=0.04). hs-ADP was not different between the groups at different time points. hs-cTnT significantly increased after PCI, without difference between the groups. CONCLUSIONS:In long lesions, BVS implantation is associated with significant acute reduction in IMR as compared with EES, with no significant interaction with platelet reactivity or periprocedural myonecrosis.
METHODS:BACKGROUND:Aortopulmonary window is an uncommon congenital heart disease, with untreated cases not surviving beyond childhood. However, very rarely it can present in adult patients with features of pulmonary hypertension. Clinically these patients cannot be differentiated from other more common conditions with left to right shunt. Transthoracic echocardiography if performed meticulously, can depict the defect in aortopulmonary septum. RESULTS:We report a case of large unrepaired aortopulmonary window in a 23 years old patient, diagnosed on transthoracic echocardiography.