The impact of body-mass index on the frontal knee alignment estimation using three-dimensional reconstruction based on movement analysis.
- 作者列表："Legrand T","Richard V","Bonnefoy-Mazure A","Armand S","Miozzari HH","Turcot K
BACKGROUND:We evaluated the influence of the body-mass index (BMI) on the estimation of the static frontal knee alignment (FKA) using three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction method based on movement analysis. METHODS:Two-hundred nineteen knees (120 individuals with end-stage osteoarthritis) were analyzed. The validity of the 3D method was evaluated under comparison with a reference method based on weight bearing full-leg length radiography. Extensive statistical analyses (Pearson's correlation, one-way ANOVA, linear regression, boxplot diagram) over four groups of BMI (normal, overweight, obese class I and obese classes II and III) were performed. RESULTS:For BMI below 25 kg/m2, the validity of the 3D method was confirmed. For BMI over 25 kg/m2, there was an increasing error of the 3D method, especially for the obese groups affected with a large varus alignment. CONCLUSIONS:In a biomechanical context of movement analysis, the results of the study suggest that the 3D method may represent a satisfying alternative to the full-leg radiograph method with limitations regarding to BMI over 25 kg/m2.
背景: 我们使用基于运动分析的三维重建方法评估了体重指数 (BMI) 对静态额膝关节对准 (FKA) 估计的影响。 方法: 对120名膝 (名患有终末期骨关节炎的个体) 进行分析。在与基于负重全腿长度x射线照相术的参考方法进行比较的情况下，评估3D方法的有效性。对四组BMI (正常、超重、肥胖I级和肥胖II和III级) 进行广泛的统计分析 (Pearson相关性、单因素方差分析、线性回归、箱线图)。 结果: 对于BMI低于25 kg kg/m2，3D方法的有效性得到了证实。对于超过25 kg/m2的BMI，3D方法的误差增加，特别是对于受大内翻排列影响的肥胖组。 结论: 在运动分析的生物力学背景下，研究结果表明，3D方法可以代表全腿射线照相方法的令人满意的替代方案，其中关于BMI超过25 kg/m2的限制。
METHODS:OBJECTIVES:The aim was to evaluate the image quality and sensitivity to artifacts of compressed sensing (CS) acceleration technique, applied to 3D or breath-hold sequences in different clinical applications from brain to knee. METHODS:CS with an acceleration from 30 to 60% and conventional MRI sequences were performed in 10 different applications in 107 patients, leading to 120 comparisons. Readers were blinded to the technique for quantitative (contrast-to-noise ratio or functional measurements for cardiac cine) and qualitative (image quality, artifacts, diagnostic findings, and preference) image analyses. RESULTS:No statistically significant difference in image quality or artifacts was found for each sequence except for the cardiac cine CS for one of both readers and for the wrist 3D proton density (PD)-weighted CS sequence which showed less motion artifacts due to the reduced acquisition time. The contrast-to-noise ratio was lower for the elbow CS sequence but not statistically different in all other applications. Diagnostic findings were similar between conventional and CS sequence for all the comparisons except for four cases where motion artifacts corrupted either the conventional or the CS sequence. CONCLUSIONS:The evaluated CS sequences are ready to be used in clinical daily practice except for the elbow application which requires a lower acceleration. The CS factor should be tuned for each organ and sequence to obtain good image quality. It leads to 30% to 60% acceleration in the applications evaluated in this study which has a significant impact on clinical workflow. KEY POINTS:• Clinical implementation of compressed sensing (CS) reduced scan times of at least 30% with only minor penalty in image quality and no change in diagnostic findings. • The CS acceleration factor has to be tuned separately for each organ and sequence to guarantee similar image quality than conventional acquisition. • At least 30% and up to 60% acceleration is feasible in specific sequences in clinical routine.
METHODS:BACKGROUND:The main surgical techniques for spontaneous basal ganglia hemorrhage include stereotactic aspiration, endoscopic aspiration, and craniotomy. However, credible evidence is still needed to validate the effect of these techniques. OBJECTIVE:To explore the long-term outcomes of the three surgical techniques in the treatment of spontaneous basal ganglia hemorrhage. METHODS:Five hundred and sixteen patients with spontaneous basal ganglia hemorrhage who received stereotactic aspiration, endoscopic aspiration, or craniotomy were reviewed retrospectively. Six-month mortality and the modified Rankin Scale score were the primary and secondary outcomes, respectively. A multivariate logistic regression model was used to assess the effects of different surgical techniques on patient outcomes. RESULTS:For the entire cohort, the 6-month mortality in the endoscopic aspiration group was significantly lower than that in the stereotactic aspiration group (odds ratio (OR) 4.280, 95% CI 2.186 to 8.380); the 6-month mortality in the endoscopic aspiration group was lower than that in the craniotomy group, but the difference was not significant (OR=1.930, 95% CI 0.835 to 4.465). A further subgroup analysis was stratified by hematoma volume. The mortality in the endoscopic aspiration group was significantly lower than in the stereotactic aspiration group in the medium (≥40-<80 mL) (OR=2.438, 95% CI 1.101 to 5.402) and large hematoma subgroup (≥80 mL) (OR=66.532, 95% CI 6.345 to 697.675). Compared with the endoscopic aspiration group, a trend towards increased mortality was observed in the large hematoma subgroup of the craniotomy group (OR=8.721, 95% CI 0.933 to 81.551). CONCLUSION:Endoscopic aspiration can decrease the 6-month mortality of spontaneous basal ganglia hemorrhage, especially in patients with a hematoma volume ≥40 mL.
METHODS:OBJECTIVE:The primary purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a three-dimensional (3D) software tool (smart planes) for displaying fetal brain planes, and the secondary purpose was to evaluate its accuracy in performing automatic measurements. MATERIAL AND METHODS:This prospective study included singleton fetuses with a gestational age (GA) greater than 18 weeks. Transabdominal two-dimensional ultrasound (2DUS) and 3D smart planes images were respectively used to obtain the basic planes of the fetal brain, with five parameters measured. The images, by either two-dimensional (2D) manual or 3D automatic operation, were reviewed by two experienced sonographers. The agreements between two measurements were analyzed. RESULTS:A total of 226 cases were included. The rates of successful detection by automatic display were as high as 80%. There was substantial agreement between the measurements of the biparietal diameter, head circumference and transcerebellar diameter, but poor agreement between the measurements of cisterna magna and lateral ventricle width. CONCLUSIONS:Smart Planes might be valuable for the rapid evaluation of fetal brain, because it simplifies the evaluation process. However, the technology requires improvement. In addition, this technology cannot replace the conventional manual US scans; it can only be used as an additional approach.