New IOL formula using anterior segment three-dimensional optical coherence tomography.
- 作者列表："Yoo YS","Whang WJ","Kim HS","Joo CK","Yoon G
:This retrospective study was aimed to compare prediction errors from various combinations of biometric data generated using optical coherence tomography (OCT) and develop a new intraocular lens (IOL) formula using biometric data. 145 eyes from 145 patients who underwent femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS) were enrolled to the present study and they were divided into a training set (n = 92) and a test set (n = 53). Preoperative axial length (AL) and corneal radius were measured using partial coherence interferometry. The anterior chamber depth (ACD), lens meridian parameter (LMP), lens thickness (LT), thickness of anterior and posterior parts of the crystalline lens (aLT and pLT), and anterior segment length were measured by OCT. From a training set, we developed eight regression equations and analyzed the predictive accuracy. The regression equation using AL, LMP, and pLT (-1.143 + 0.148*AL + 0.428*LMP + 0.254*pLT) showed the strongest correlation with effective lens position (ELP) and smallest standard deviation of ELP prediction error. IOL formula generated using AL, LMP, and pLT yielded the highest predictive accuracy. In a test set, the new IOL formula also produced narrowest range of prediction error, smallest median absolute error, and highest percentages within ±0.25, ±0.50 than existing IOL formulas. The IOL formula considering AL, LMP and pLT will help to improve predictive accuracy in FLACS.
: 这项回顾性研究旨在比较使用光学相干断层扫描 (OCT) 生成的生物特征数据的各种组合的预测误差，并使用生物特征数据开发新的人工晶状体 (IOL) 配方。本研究纳入145例接受飞秒激光辅助白内障手术 (FLACS) 患者145只眼，分为训练组 (n = 92) 和测试组 (n = 53)。术前应用部分相干干涉术测量眼轴长度 (AL) 和角膜半径。采用OCT测量前房深度 (ACD) 、晶状体经络参数 (LMP) 、晶状体厚度 (LT) 、晶状体前后部厚度 (aLT和pLT) 以及眼前节长度。从训练集，我们开发了八个回归方程，并分析了预测精度。使用AL、LMP和pLT (-1.143 + 0.148 * AL + 0.428 * LMP + 0.254 * pLT) 的回归方程显示与有效透镜位置 (ELP) 的相关性最强，ELP预测误差的标准差最小。使用AL、LMP和pLT生成的IOL公式产生最高的预测准确性。在测试组中，新的IOL公式也产生了预测误差的最窄范围、最小中值绝对误差以及比现有IOL公式在 ± 0.25、 ± 0.50范围内的最高百分比。考虑AL、LMP和pLT的IOL公式将有助于提高flac的预测准确性。
METHODS:OBJECTIVES:The aim was to evaluate the image quality and sensitivity to artifacts of compressed sensing (CS) acceleration technique, applied to 3D or breath-hold sequences in different clinical applications from brain to knee. METHODS:CS with an acceleration from 30 to 60% and conventional MRI sequences were performed in 10 different applications in 107 patients, leading to 120 comparisons. Readers were blinded to the technique for quantitative (contrast-to-noise ratio or functional measurements for cardiac cine) and qualitative (image quality, artifacts, diagnostic findings, and preference) image analyses. RESULTS:No statistically significant difference in image quality or artifacts was found for each sequence except for the cardiac cine CS for one of both readers and for the wrist 3D proton density (PD)-weighted CS sequence which showed less motion artifacts due to the reduced acquisition time. The contrast-to-noise ratio was lower for the elbow CS sequence but not statistically different in all other applications. Diagnostic findings were similar between conventional and CS sequence for all the comparisons except for four cases where motion artifacts corrupted either the conventional or the CS sequence. CONCLUSIONS:The evaluated CS sequences are ready to be used in clinical daily practice except for the elbow application which requires a lower acceleration. The CS factor should be tuned for each organ and sequence to obtain good image quality. It leads to 30% to 60% acceleration in the applications evaluated in this study which has a significant impact on clinical workflow. KEY POINTS:• Clinical implementation of compressed sensing (CS) reduced scan times of at least 30% with only minor penalty in image quality and no change in diagnostic findings. • The CS acceleration factor has to be tuned separately for each organ and sequence to guarantee similar image quality than conventional acquisition. • At least 30% and up to 60% acceleration is feasible in specific sequences in clinical routine.
METHODS:BACKGROUND:The main surgical techniques for spontaneous basal ganglia hemorrhage include stereotactic aspiration, endoscopic aspiration, and craniotomy. However, credible evidence is still needed to validate the effect of these techniques. OBJECTIVE:To explore the long-term outcomes of the three surgical techniques in the treatment of spontaneous basal ganglia hemorrhage. METHODS:Five hundred and sixteen patients with spontaneous basal ganglia hemorrhage who received stereotactic aspiration, endoscopic aspiration, or craniotomy were reviewed retrospectively. Six-month mortality and the modified Rankin Scale score were the primary and secondary outcomes, respectively. A multivariate logistic regression model was used to assess the effects of different surgical techniques on patient outcomes. RESULTS:For the entire cohort, the 6-month mortality in the endoscopic aspiration group was significantly lower than that in the stereotactic aspiration group (odds ratio (OR) 4.280, 95% CI 2.186 to 8.380); the 6-month mortality in the endoscopic aspiration group was lower than that in the craniotomy group, but the difference was not significant (OR=1.930, 95% CI 0.835 to 4.465). A further subgroup analysis was stratified by hematoma volume. The mortality in the endoscopic aspiration group was significantly lower than in the stereotactic aspiration group in the medium (≥40-<80 mL) (OR=2.438, 95% CI 1.101 to 5.402) and large hematoma subgroup (≥80 mL) (OR=66.532, 95% CI 6.345 to 697.675). Compared with the endoscopic aspiration group, a trend towards increased mortality was observed in the large hematoma subgroup of the craniotomy group (OR=8.721, 95% CI 0.933 to 81.551). CONCLUSION:Endoscopic aspiration can decrease the 6-month mortality of spontaneous basal ganglia hemorrhage, especially in patients with a hematoma volume ≥40 mL.
METHODS:OBJECTIVE:The primary purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a three-dimensional (3D) software tool (smart planes) for displaying fetal brain planes, and the secondary purpose was to evaluate its accuracy in performing automatic measurements. MATERIAL AND METHODS:This prospective study included singleton fetuses with a gestational age (GA) greater than 18 weeks. Transabdominal two-dimensional ultrasound (2DUS) and 3D smart planes images were respectively used to obtain the basic planes of the fetal brain, with five parameters measured. The images, by either two-dimensional (2D) manual or 3D automatic operation, were reviewed by two experienced sonographers. The agreements between two measurements were analyzed. RESULTS:A total of 226 cases were included. The rates of successful detection by automatic display were as high as 80%. There was substantial agreement between the measurements of the biparietal diameter, head circumference and transcerebellar diameter, but poor agreement between the measurements of cisterna magna and lateral ventricle width. CONCLUSIONS:Smart Planes might be valuable for the rapid evaluation of fetal brain, because it simplifies the evaluation process. However, the technology requires improvement. In addition, this technology cannot replace the conventional manual US scans; it can only be used as an additional approach.