Evaluation of Intradural Ecchordosis Physaliphora With Three-Dimensional Fluid-Attenuated Inversion Recovery.
- 作者列表："Kogue R","Maeda M","Umino M","Kishi S","Tanaka F","Tsuchiya K","Sakuma H
OBJECTIVE:This study evaluated the efficacy of 3-dimensional fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (3D FLAIR) for detecting intradural ecchordosis physaliphora (EP). METHODS:We retrospectively determined the presence or absence of intradural EP on 3D FLAIR for 3888 consecutive patients, classifying the EP as "classical" or "possible" and analyzing the prevalence, size, and presence or absence of an intraosseous stalk. Where available, magnetic resonance cisternography images were compared with the 3D FLAIR images. RESULTS:Intradural EP was identified in 50 patients (1.3%): 36 (0.9%) classical and 14 (0.4%) possible. The classical EPs were significantly larger than the possible EPs (P < 0.01). Nine EPs (18.0%) showed an osseous stalk. Magnetic resonance cisternography was performed for 19 EPs (16 classical, 3 possible), detecting all 16 classical EPs but none of the possible EPs. CONCLUSIONS:Classical EPs were detected by 3D FLAIR as with magnetic resonance cisternography. The 3D FLAIR findings suggested a new type of possible EP variant previously unreported.
目的: 本研究评价三维液体衰减反转恢复 (3D FLAIR) 检测硬脑膜外裂性性征 (EP) 的有效性。 方法: 我们回顾性地确定了3888例连续患者在3D FLAIR上是否存在硬膜内EP，将EP分类为 “经典” 或 “可能”，并分析患病率、大小以及骨内柄的存在与否。在可用的情况下，将磁共振脑池造影图像与3D FLAIR图像进行比较。 结果: 在50例患者 (1.3%) 中发现硬膜内EP: 36例 (0.9%) 经典和14例 (0.4%) 可能。经典EPs显著大于可能的EPs (P <0.01)。9个EPs (18.0%) 显示骨性茎。对19个EPs (16个经典的，3个可能的) 进行磁共振脑池造影，检测所有16个经典的EPs，但没有检测到任何可能的EPs。 结论: 磁共振脑池图采用3D FLAIR检测经典EPs。3D FLAIR研究结果提示了一种以前未报告的新型可能的EP变体。
METHODS:OBJECTIVES:The aim was to evaluate the image quality and sensitivity to artifacts of compressed sensing (CS) acceleration technique, applied to 3D or breath-hold sequences in different clinical applications from brain to knee. METHODS:CS with an acceleration from 30 to 60% and conventional MRI sequences were performed in 10 different applications in 107 patients, leading to 120 comparisons. Readers were blinded to the technique for quantitative (contrast-to-noise ratio or functional measurements for cardiac cine) and qualitative (image quality, artifacts, diagnostic findings, and preference) image analyses. RESULTS:No statistically significant difference in image quality or artifacts was found for each sequence except for the cardiac cine CS for one of both readers and for the wrist 3D proton density (PD)-weighted CS sequence which showed less motion artifacts due to the reduced acquisition time. The contrast-to-noise ratio was lower for the elbow CS sequence but not statistically different in all other applications. Diagnostic findings were similar between conventional and CS sequence for all the comparisons except for four cases where motion artifacts corrupted either the conventional or the CS sequence. CONCLUSIONS:The evaluated CS sequences are ready to be used in clinical daily practice except for the elbow application which requires a lower acceleration. The CS factor should be tuned for each organ and sequence to obtain good image quality. It leads to 30% to 60% acceleration in the applications evaluated in this study which has a significant impact on clinical workflow. KEY POINTS:• Clinical implementation of compressed sensing (CS) reduced scan times of at least 30% with only minor penalty in image quality and no change in diagnostic findings. • The CS acceleration factor has to be tuned separately for each organ and sequence to guarantee similar image quality than conventional acquisition. • At least 30% and up to 60% acceleration is feasible in specific sequences in clinical routine.
METHODS:BACKGROUND:The main surgical techniques for spontaneous basal ganglia hemorrhage include stereotactic aspiration, endoscopic aspiration, and craniotomy. However, credible evidence is still needed to validate the effect of these techniques. OBJECTIVE:To explore the long-term outcomes of the three surgical techniques in the treatment of spontaneous basal ganglia hemorrhage. METHODS:Five hundred and sixteen patients with spontaneous basal ganglia hemorrhage who received stereotactic aspiration, endoscopic aspiration, or craniotomy were reviewed retrospectively. Six-month mortality and the modified Rankin Scale score were the primary and secondary outcomes, respectively. A multivariate logistic regression model was used to assess the effects of different surgical techniques on patient outcomes. RESULTS:For the entire cohort, the 6-month mortality in the endoscopic aspiration group was significantly lower than that in the stereotactic aspiration group (odds ratio (OR) 4.280, 95% CI 2.186 to 8.380); the 6-month mortality in the endoscopic aspiration group was lower than that in the craniotomy group, but the difference was not significant (OR=1.930, 95% CI 0.835 to 4.465). A further subgroup analysis was stratified by hematoma volume. The mortality in the endoscopic aspiration group was significantly lower than in the stereotactic aspiration group in the medium (≥40-<80 mL) (OR=2.438, 95% CI 1.101 to 5.402) and large hematoma subgroup (≥80 mL) (OR=66.532, 95% CI 6.345 to 697.675). Compared with the endoscopic aspiration group, a trend towards increased mortality was observed in the large hematoma subgroup of the craniotomy group (OR=8.721, 95% CI 0.933 to 81.551). CONCLUSION:Endoscopic aspiration can decrease the 6-month mortality of spontaneous basal ganglia hemorrhage, especially in patients with a hematoma volume ≥40 mL.
METHODS:OBJECTIVE:The primary purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a three-dimensional (3D) software tool (smart planes) for displaying fetal brain planes, and the secondary purpose was to evaluate its accuracy in performing automatic measurements. MATERIAL AND METHODS:This prospective study included singleton fetuses with a gestational age (GA) greater than 18 weeks. Transabdominal two-dimensional ultrasound (2DUS) and 3D smart planes images were respectively used to obtain the basic planes of the fetal brain, with five parameters measured. The images, by either two-dimensional (2D) manual or 3D automatic operation, were reviewed by two experienced sonographers. The agreements between two measurements were analyzed. RESULTS:A total of 226 cases were included. The rates of successful detection by automatic display were as high as 80%. There was substantial agreement between the measurements of the biparietal diameter, head circumference and transcerebellar diameter, but poor agreement between the measurements of cisterna magna and lateral ventricle width. CONCLUSIONS:Smart Planes might be valuable for the rapid evaluation of fetal brain, because it simplifies the evaluation process. However, the technology requires improvement. In addition, this technology cannot replace the conventional manual US scans; it can only be used as an additional approach.