- 作者列表："Mistry V","An D","Barry CJ","House PH","Morgan WH
BACKGROUND/AIMS:To explore the relationship between focal lamina defect (LD) size and optic disc haemorrhages (DH) in glaucomatous eyes. METHODS:Radial B-scan images at 15° intervals obtained using enhanced depth imaging (EDI) spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (OCT) were performed on a group of subjects previously assessed for DH every 3 months over a period of 5 years. EDI-OCT scans were assessed for the presence of focal lamina cribrosa defects by a single observer. RESULTS:119 eyes from 62 subjects (44 females, 18 males) were analysed. 44 eyes (37%) were noted to have at least 1 LD, and of those, eight eyes had more than one defect. 68 eyes (57%) were observed to have at least one DH occur over the course of monitoring. 48 eyes (40%) had recurrent DH, with a mean of 5.17 haemorrhages over the 5-year period. Type 1 focal LD (p=0.0000, OR 7.17), glaucoma progression (p=0.0024, OR 0.32) and ArtDiff (p=0.0466, OR 1.04) were significantly associated as predictors of DH. No correlation between the size of the LD and DH occurrence (p=0.6449, Spearman rank correlation) was found. CONCLUSION:Focal lamina cribrosa hole-type defects were significantly associated with an increase in DH occurrence over the preceding 5 years. The lack of association between defect size and DH suggests that DH and lamina defects may have separate links to the glaucomatous process.
背景/目的: 探讨青光眼灶性椎板缺损 (LD) 大小与视盘出血 (DH) 的关系。 方法: 使用增强深度成像 (EDI) 谱域光学相干断层扫描 (OCT) 获得的以15 ° 间隔的径向B扫描图像在5年的时间内每3个月对一组先前评估DH的受试者进行。由单个观察者评估edi-oct扫描的局灶性筛板缺陷的存在。 结果: 对62名受试者 (44名女性，18名男性) 的119只眼进行了分析。注意到44只眼睛 (37%) 具有至少1个LD，并且其中8只眼睛具有多于一个缺陷。在监测过程中观察到68只眼睛 (57%) 具有至少一个发生的DH。48眼 (40%) 有复发性DH，5年期间平均5.17次出血。1型局灶性LD (p = 0.0000或7.17) 、青光眼进展 (p = 0.0024或0.32) 和ArtDiff (p = 0.0466或1.04) 作为DH的预测因子显著相关。未发现LD的大小与DH发生之间的相关性 (p = 0.6449，Spearman等级相关性)。 结论: 在过去的5年中，局灶性筛板孔型缺损与DH发生率的增加显著相关。缺陷大小与DH之间缺乏相关性表明，DH和椎板缺损可能与青光眼过程有单独的联系。
METHODS:OBJECTIVES:The aim was to evaluate the image quality and sensitivity to artifacts of compressed sensing (CS) acceleration technique, applied to 3D or breath-hold sequences in different clinical applications from brain to knee. METHODS:CS with an acceleration from 30 to 60% and conventional MRI sequences were performed in 10 different applications in 107 patients, leading to 120 comparisons. Readers were blinded to the technique for quantitative (contrast-to-noise ratio or functional measurements for cardiac cine) and qualitative (image quality, artifacts, diagnostic findings, and preference) image analyses. RESULTS:No statistically significant difference in image quality or artifacts was found for each sequence except for the cardiac cine CS for one of both readers and for the wrist 3D proton density (PD)-weighted CS sequence which showed less motion artifacts due to the reduced acquisition time. The contrast-to-noise ratio was lower for the elbow CS sequence but not statistically different in all other applications. Diagnostic findings were similar between conventional and CS sequence for all the comparisons except for four cases where motion artifacts corrupted either the conventional or the CS sequence. CONCLUSIONS:The evaluated CS sequences are ready to be used in clinical daily practice except for the elbow application which requires a lower acceleration. The CS factor should be tuned for each organ and sequence to obtain good image quality. It leads to 30% to 60% acceleration in the applications evaluated in this study which has a significant impact on clinical workflow. KEY POINTS:• Clinical implementation of compressed sensing (CS) reduced scan times of at least 30% with only minor penalty in image quality and no change in diagnostic findings. • The CS acceleration factor has to be tuned separately for each organ and sequence to guarantee similar image quality than conventional acquisition. • At least 30% and up to 60% acceleration is feasible in specific sequences in clinical routine.
METHODS:BACKGROUND:The main surgical techniques for spontaneous basal ganglia hemorrhage include stereotactic aspiration, endoscopic aspiration, and craniotomy. However, credible evidence is still needed to validate the effect of these techniques. OBJECTIVE:To explore the long-term outcomes of the three surgical techniques in the treatment of spontaneous basal ganglia hemorrhage. METHODS:Five hundred and sixteen patients with spontaneous basal ganglia hemorrhage who received stereotactic aspiration, endoscopic aspiration, or craniotomy were reviewed retrospectively. Six-month mortality and the modified Rankin Scale score were the primary and secondary outcomes, respectively. A multivariate logistic regression model was used to assess the effects of different surgical techniques on patient outcomes. RESULTS:For the entire cohort, the 6-month mortality in the endoscopic aspiration group was significantly lower than that in the stereotactic aspiration group (odds ratio (OR) 4.280, 95% CI 2.186 to 8.380); the 6-month mortality in the endoscopic aspiration group was lower than that in the craniotomy group, but the difference was not significant (OR=1.930, 95% CI 0.835 to 4.465). A further subgroup analysis was stratified by hematoma volume. The mortality in the endoscopic aspiration group was significantly lower than in the stereotactic aspiration group in the medium (≥40-<80 mL) (OR=2.438, 95% CI 1.101 to 5.402) and large hematoma subgroup (≥80 mL) (OR=66.532, 95% CI 6.345 to 697.675). Compared with the endoscopic aspiration group, a trend towards increased mortality was observed in the large hematoma subgroup of the craniotomy group (OR=8.721, 95% CI 0.933 to 81.551). CONCLUSION:Endoscopic aspiration can decrease the 6-month mortality of spontaneous basal ganglia hemorrhage, especially in patients with a hematoma volume ≥40 mL.
METHODS:OBJECTIVE:The primary purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a three-dimensional (3D) software tool (smart planes) for displaying fetal brain planes, and the secondary purpose was to evaluate its accuracy in performing automatic measurements. MATERIAL AND METHODS:This prospective study included singleton fetuses with a gestational age (GA) greater than 18 weeks. Transabdominal two-dimensional ultrasound (2DUS) and 3D smart planes images were respectively used to obtain the basic planes of the fetal brain, with five parameters measured. The images, by either two-dimensional (2D) manual or 3D automatic operation, were reviewed by two experienced sonographers. The agreements between two measurements were analyzed. RESULTS:A total of 226 cases were included. The rates of successful detection by automatic display were as high as 80%. There was substantial agreement between the measurements of the biparietal diameter, head circumference and transcerebellar diameter, but poor agreement between the measurements of cisterna magna and lateral ventricle width. CONCLUSIONS:Smart Planes might be valuable for the rapid evaluation of fetal brain, because it simplifies the evaluation process. However, the technology requires improvement. In addition, this technology cannot replace the conventional manual US scans; it can only be used as an additional approach.