Stability of lingual plate osteotomy in orthognathic surgery for patients with severe facial asymmetry: A retrospective analysis with 1-year follow-up.
- 作者列表："Jeon HJ","Lee JS","Lee JW","Yang JD","Chung HY","Cho BC","Choi KY
:This study aimed to evaluate the stability of lingual plate osteotomy after sagittal split ramus osteotomy (SSRO) in patients with severe facial asymmetry. It included 20 patients undergoing lingual plate osteotomy between January 2011 and January 2017. Cephalometric X-ray imaging and three-dimensional computed tomography (3DCT) were performed before the operation and then 1 day and 1 year after the operation. The relapse rate and postoperative complications were assessed. The operation time was compared between lingual plate osteotomy and transoral angle osteotomy. Specific values measured on cephalometric X-ray and 3DCT images showed significant changes 1 day after the operation, with 47.9% correction occurring in the occlusal plane angle (mean ± SD = 1.74 ± 0.84°, p < 0.05). However, no significant differences were found between measurements taken 1 day and 1 year after the operation, with a 5% change seen in the occlusal plane angle (mean ± SD = 0.1 ± 0.24°, p = 0.61), suggesting that the surgical outcomes can be well maintained for at least 1 year after surgery. Three patients experienced numbness postoperatively but recovered within 1 year. The operation time for lingual plate osteotomy was shorter than that for transoral angle osteotomy. Our findings indicate that lingual plate osteotomy after SSRO is stable, effective, and safe in patients with severe facial asymmetry.
: 本研究旨在评估严重面部不对称患者矢状劈开型升支截骨术 (SSRO) 后舌板截骨的稳定性。纳入2011年1月至2017年1月行舌骨板截骨术的20例患者。术前及术后1天、1年分别行x线头影测量及三维计算机断层扫描 (3DCT)。评估复发率和术后并发症。比较舌骨板截骨术与经口角截骨术的手术时间。X线头影和3DCT图像上测量的特定值在术后1天出现显著变化，在咬合平面角度发生47.9% 的校正 (平均值 ± SD = 1.74 ± 0.84 °，p <0.05)。然而，术后1天和1年的测量结果没有显著差异，咬合平面角度有5% 的变化 (平均值 ± SD = 0.1 ± 0.24 °，p = 0.61)，提示术后至少1年手术效果可得到良好维持。3例患者术后出现麻木，但1年内恢复。舌骨板截骨术的手术时间短于经口角截骨术。我们的研究结果表明，对于严重面部不对称的患者，SSRO术后舌板截骨是稳定、有效和安全的。
METHODS:OBJECTIVES:The aim was to evaluate the image quality and sensitivity to artifacts of compressed sensing (CS) acceleration technique, applied to 3D or breath-hold sequences in different clinical applications from brain to knee. METHODS:CS with an acceleration from 30 to 60% and conventional MRI sequences were performed in 10 different applications in 107 patients, leading to 120 comparisons. Readers were blinded to the technique for quantitative (contrast-to-noise ratio or functional measurements for cardiac cine) and qualitative (image quality, artifacts, diagnostic findings, and preference) image analyses. RESULTS:No statistically significant difference in image quality or artifacts was found for each sequence except for the cardiac cine CS for one of both readers and for the wrist 3D proton density (PD)-weighted CS sequence which showed less motion artifacts due to the reduced acquisition time. The contrast-to-noise ratio was lower for the elbow CS sequence but not statistically different in all other applications. Diagnostic findings were similar between conventional and CS sequence for all the comparisons except for four cases where motion artifacts corrupted either the conventional or the CS sequence. CONCLUSIONS:The evaluated CS sequences are ready to be used in clinical daily practice except for the elbow application which requires a lower acceleration. The CS factor should be tuned for each organ and sequence to obtain good image quality. It leads to 30% to 60% acceleration in the applications evaluated in this study which has a significant impact on clinical workflow. KEY POINTS:• Clinical implementation of compressed sensing (CS) reduced scan times of at least 30% with only minor penalty in image quality and no change in diagnostic findings. • The CS acceleration factor has to be tuned separately for each organ and sequence to guarantee similar image quality than conventional acquisition. • At least 30% and up to 60% acceleration is feasible in specific sequences in clinical routine.
METHODS:BACKGROUND:The main surgical techniques for spontaneous basal ganglia hemorrhage include stereotactic aspiration, endoscopic aspiration, and craniotomy. However, credible evidence is still needed to validate the effect of these techniques. OBJECTIVE:To explore the long-term outcomes of the three surgical techniques in the treatment of spontaneous basal ganglia hemorrhage. METHODS:Five hundred and sixteen patients with spontaneous basal ganglia hemorrhage who received stereotactic aspiration, endoscopic aspiration, or craniotomy were reviewed retrospectively. Six-month mortality and the modified Rankin Scale score were the primary and secondary outcomes, respectively. A multivariate logistic regression model was used to assess the effects of different surgical techniques on patient outcomes. RESULTS:For the entire cohort, the 6-month mortality in the endoscopic aspiration group was significantly lower than that in the stereotactic aspiration group (odds ratio (OR) 4.280, 95% CI 2.186 to 8.380); the 6-month mortality in the endoscopic aspiration group was lower than that in the craniotomy group, but the difference was not significant (OR=1.930, 95% CI 0.835 to 4.465). A further subgroup analysis was stratified by hematoma volume. The mortality in the endoscopic aspiration group was significantly lower than in the stereotactic aspiration group in the medium (≥40-<80 mL) (OR=2.438, 95% CI 1.101 to 5.402) and large hematoma subgroup (≥80 mL) (OR=66.532, 95% CI 6.345 to 697.675). Compared with the endoscopic aspiration group, a trend towards increased mortality was observed in the large hematoma subgroup of the craniotomy group (OR=8.721, 95% CI 0.933 to 81.551). CONCLUSION:Endoscopic aspiration can decrease the 6-month mortality of spontaneous basal ganglia hemorrhage, especially in patients with a hematoma volume ≥40 mL.
METHODS:OBJECTIVE:The primary purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a three-dimensional (3D) software tool (smart planes) for displaying fetal brain planes, and the secondary purpose was to evaluate its accuracy in performing automatic measurements. MATERIAL AND METHODS:This prospective study included singleton fetuses with a gestational age (GA) greater than 18 weeks. Transabdominal two-dimensional ultrasound (2DUS) and 3D smart planes images were respectively used to obtain the basic planes of the fetal brain, with five parameters measured. The images, by either two-dimensional (2D) manual or 3D automatic operation, were reviewed by two experienced sonographers. The agreements between two measurements were analyzed. RESULTS:A total of 226 cases were included. The rates of successful detection by automatic display were as high as 80%. There was substantial agreement between the measurements of the biparietal diameter, head circumference and transcerebellar diameter, but poor agreement between the measurements of cisterna magna and lateral ventricle width. CONCLUSIONS:Smart Planes might be valuable for the rapid evaluation of fetal brain, because it simplifies the evaluation process. However, the technology requires improvement. In addition, this technology cannot replace the conventional manual US scans; it can only be used as an additional approach.