Measured volumes using segmented tissue probability data obtained using statistical parametric mapping 12 were not influenced by the contrasts of analyzed images.
- 作者列表："Goto M","Karima R","Hagiwara A","Hori M","Kamagata K","Aoki S","Abe O
:The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in measured volumes using Statistical Parametric Mapping (SPM) 12 caused by contrast changes in magnetic resonance (MR) image. Twenty-one healthy subjects participated in the study. From all subjects, 3D T1-weighted images (T1WIs) were obtained using a 3T scanner. In the first step of creating reference volume data, we used SPM12 to binarize all the segmented data. In the second step, we assigned simulated 3D-T1WI signal intensities to each tissue image and used the following values. The last step was integration of each tissue image to generate 3D-T1WI simulated reference volume data for each participant. To create the reference 3D-T1WIs with various contrasts from the reference volume data, we varied the signal intensity of gray matter from 900 to 600, 700, 1100, 1300, and 1400. The reference 3D-T2WI was acquired using the method used for 3D-T1WIs. Then, six 3D-T1WIs were processed using intrasubject bias-correction processing with SPM12, resulting in six new 3D-T1WIs of nonuniform signal intensities. Thirteen volume data sets were segmented into native-space tissue probability data using SPM12. Examination of the 3D data without nonuniform signal intensity showed that significant differences in measured volumes were not observed on repeated analysis of variance, but examination of the 3D data with nonuniform signal intensity did show significant differences in measured volumes in gray matter and CSF but not in white matter. Measured volumes using segmented tissue probability data obtained using SPM12 were not influenced by the contrasts of analyzed images.
: 本研究的目的是使用统计参数映射 (SPM) 12评估由磁共振 (MR) 图像中的对比度变化引起的测量体积的变化。21名健康受试者参加了这项研究。使用3t扫描仪从所有受试者获得3D T1-weighted图像 (T1WIs)。在创建参考体积数据的第一步中，我们使用SPM12对所有分段数据进行二值化。在第二步中，我们为每个组织图像分配模拟的3D-T1WI信号强度，并使用以下值。最后一步是整合每个组织图像以生成每个参与者的3D-T1WI模拟参考体积数据。为了从参考体积数据创建具有各种对比度的参考3D-T1WIs，我们将灰质的信号强度从900变化到600、700、1100、1300和1400。使用用于3d-t1wi的方法获取参考3D-T2WI。然后，使用SPM12的受试对象内偏差校正处理六个3d-t1wi，产生六个信号强度不均匀的新3d-t1wi。使用spm12将13个体积数据集分割成天然空间组织概率数据。对没有不均匀信号强度的3D数据的检查显示，在重复方差分析中没有观察到测量体积的显著差异，但是对信号强度不均匀的3D数据的检查确实显示了灰质和CSF中测量体积的显著差异，但白质中没有。使用SPM12获得的分割组织概率数据测量的体积不受分析图像对比度的影响。
METHODS:OBJECTIVES:The aim was to evaluate the image quality and sensitivity to artifacts of compressed sensing (CS) acceleration technique, applied to 3D or breath-hold sequences in different clinical applications from brain to knee. METHODS:CS with an acceleration from 30 to 60% and conventional MRI sequences were performed in 10 different applications in 107 patients, leading to 120 comparisons. Readers were blinded to the technique for quantitative (contrast-to-noise ratio or functional measurements for cardiac cine) and qualitative (image quality, artifacts, diagnostic findings, and preference) image analyses. RESULTS:No statistically significant difference in image quality or artifacts was found for each sequence except for the cardiac cine CS for one of both readers and for the wrist 3D proton density (PD)-weighted CS sequence which showed less motion artifacts due to the reduced acquisition time. The contrast-to-noise ratio was lower for the elbow CS sequence but not statistically different in all other applications. Diagnostic findings were similar between conventional and CS sequence for all the comparisons except for four cases where motion artifacts corrupted either the conventional or the CS sequence. CONCLUSIONS:The evaluated CS sequences are ready to be used in clinical daily practice except for the elbow application which requires a lower acceleration. The CS factor should be tuned for each organ and sequence to obtain good image quality. It leads to 30% to 60% acceleration in the applications evaluated in this study which has a significant impact on clinical workflow. KEY POINTS:• Clinical implementation of compressed sensing (CS) reduced scan times of at least 30% with only minor penalty in image quality and no change in diagnostic findings. • The CS acceleration factor has to be tuned separately for each organ and sequence to guarantee similar image quality than conventional acquisition. • At least 30% and up to 60% acceleration is feasible in specific sequences in clinical routine.
METHODS:BACKGROUND:The main surgical techniques for spontaneous basal ganglia hemorrhage include stereotactic aspiration, endoscopic aspiration, and craniotomy. However, credible evidence is still needed to validate the effect of these techniques. OBJECTIVE:To explore the long-term outcomes of the three surgical techniques in the treatment of spontaneous basal ganglia hemorrhage. METHODS:Five hundred and sixteen patients with spontaneous basal ganglia hemorrhage who received stereotactic aspiration, endoscopic aspiration, or craniotomy were reviewed retrospectively. Six-month mortality and the modified Rankin Scale score were the primary and secondary outcomes, respectively. A multivariate logistic regression model was used to assess the effects of different surgical techniques on patient outcomes. RESULTS:For the entire cohort, the 6-month mortality in the endoscopic aspiration group was significantly lower than that in the stereotactic aspiration group (odds ratio (OR) 4.280, 95% CI 2.186 to 8.380); the 6-month mortality in the endoscopic aspiration group was lower than that in the craniotomy group, but the difference was not significant (OR=1.930, 95% CI 0.835 to 4.465). A further subgroup analysis was stratified by hematoma volume. The mortality in the endoscopic aspiration group was significantly lower than in the stereotactic aspiration group in the medium (≥40-<80 mL) (OR=2.438, 95% CI 1.101 to 5.402) and large hematoma subgroup (≥80 mL) (OR=66.532, 95% CI 6.345 to 697.675). Compared with the endoscopic aspiration group, a trend towards increased mortality was observed in the large hematoma subgroup of the craniotomy group (OR=8.721, 95% CI 0.933 to 81.551). CONCLUSION:Endoscopic aspiration can decrease the 6-month mortality of spontaneous basal ganglia hemorrhage, especially in patients with a hematoma volume ≥40 mL.
METHODS:OBJECTIVE:The primary purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a three-dimensional (3D) software tool (smart planes) for displaying fetal brain planes, and the secondary purpose was to evaluate its accuracy in performing automatic measurements. MATERIAL AND METHODS:This prospective study included singleton fetuses with a gestational age (GA) greater than 18 weeks. Transabdominal two-dimensional ultrasound (2DUS) and 3D smart planes images were respectively used to obtain the basic planes of the fetal brain, with five parameters measured. The images, by either two-dimensional (2D) manual or 3D automatic operation, were reviewed by two experienced sonographers. The agreements between two measurements were analyzed. RESULTS:A total of 226 cases were included. The rates of successful detection by automatic display were as high as 80%. There was substantial agreement between the measurements of the biparietal diameter, head circumference and transcerebellar diameter, but poor agreement between the measurements of cisterna magna and lateral ventricle width. CONCLUSIONS:Smart Planes might be valuable for the rapid evaluation of fetal brain, because it simplifies the evaluation process. However, the technology requires improvement. In addition, this technology cannot replace the conventional manual US scans; it can only be used as an additional approach.