Improving decision making through presentation of viscoelastic tests as a 3D animated blood clot: the Visual Clot.
- 作者列表："Rössler J","Meybohm P","Spahn DR","Zacharowski K","Braun J","Nöthiger CB","Tscholl DW
:Point-of-care viscoelastic coagulation tests are used increasingly and enable physicians to run precise whole blood coagulation diagnostics. However, the somewhat complicated and abstract presentation of results may hinder these advantages. For this reason, we developed the Visual Clot as an alternative mode of presentation for thrombelastometric data. An algorithm takes existing parameters from rotational thromboelastometry and creates a visual representation in the form of an animated blood clot named 'Visual Clot'. In a prospective international dual-centre study, 60 physicians were presented with rotational thromboelastometry results in the standard way or as a Visual Clot. They were then asked to make therapeutic decisions based on pathological findings. Overall proportion of correct therapeutic decisions was median (IQR [range] 100 (83-100 [39-100]) % for Visual Clot vs. 44 (25-50 [0-83]) % for standard rotational thromboelastometry presentation of results, p < 0.001. Mixed regression models yielded a mean OR (95%CI) 22.1 (13.4-36.5), p < 0.001 for correct decisions with the Visual Clot compared with standard rotational thromboelastometry, with an 18.7 (16.4-21.1), p < 0.001 second decrease in decision time. Perceived cognitive work-load was lower, and participants rated their diagnostic confidence to be higher with the Visual Clot, both p < 0.001. Although correct interpretation of standard rotational thromboelastometry results depended on previous rotational thromboelastometry knowledge and experience, Visual Clot interpretation did not. The Visual Clot improved rotational thromboelastometry-based therapeutic decisions, as pathologies can be recognised more rapidly and accurately. These findings underline the significance of an alternative additional visualisation technique that simplifies the interpretation of abstract standard data.
: 护理点粘弹性凝血测试越来越多地使用，并使医生能够运行精确的全血凝血诊断。然而，有些复杂和抽象的结果呈现可能会阻碍这些优势。出于这个原因，我们开发了视觉凝块作为血栓弹力图数据的替代呈现模式。算法从旋转血栓弹性测定法中获取现有参数，并以名为 “视觉块” 的动画血块的形式创建视觉表示。在一项前瞻性国际双中心研究中，60名医生以标准方式或作为视觉凝块呈现旋转血栓弹力图结果。然后要求他们根据病理结果做出治疗决定。正确的治疗决定的总体比例为中值 (IQR [范围] 100 (83-100 [39-100]) %，视觉凝块与44 (25-50 [0-83]) %，标准旋转血栓弹力图结果呈现，p <0.001。混合回归模型产生了平均OR (22.1 CI) 13.4 (36.5-0.001)，与标准旋转血栓弹力法相比，对于视觉凝块的正确决策，p <18.7，决策时间减少16.4 (21.1-0.001)，p <秒。感知的认知工作负荷较低，参与者对视觉凝块的诊断信心较高，均p <0.001。虽然标准旋转血栓弹力图结果的正确解释取决于先前的旋转血栓弹力图知识和经验，但视觉凝块解释没有。视觉凝块改善了基于旋转血栓弹性测定法的治疗决策，因为可以更快速和准确地识别病理。这些发现强调了简化抽象标准数据解释的替代额外可视化技术的重要性。
METHODS:OBJECTIVES:The aim was to evaluate the image quality and sensitivity to artifacts of compressed sensing (CS) acceleration technique, applied to 3D or breath-hold sequences in different clinical applications from brain to knee. METHODS:CS with an acceleration from 30 to 60% and conventional MRI sequences were performed in 10 different applications in 107 patients, leading to 120 comparisons. Readers were blinded to the technique for quantitative (contrast-to-noise ratio or functional measurements for cardiac cine) and qualitative (image quality, artifacts, diagnostic findings, and preference) image analyses. RESULTS:No statistically significant difference in image quality or artifacts was found for each sequence except for the cardiac cine CS for one of both readers and for the wrist 3D proton density (PD)-weighted CS sequence which showed less motion artifacts due to the reduced acquisition time. The contrast-to-noise ratio was lower for the elbow CS sequence but not statistically different in all other applications. Diagnostic findings were similar between conventional and CS sequence for all the comparisons except for four cases where motion artifacts corrupted either the conventional or the CS sequence. CONCLUSIONS:The evaluated CS sequences are ready to be used in clinical daily practice except for the elbow application which requires a lower acceleration. The CS factor should be tuned for each organ and sequence to obtain good image quality. It leads to 30% to 60% acceleration in the applications evaluated in this study which has a significant impact on clinical workflow. KEY POINTS:• Clinical implementation of compressed sensing (CS) reduced scan times of at least 30% with only minor penalty in image quality and no change in diagnostic findings. • The CS acceleration factor has to be tuned separately for each organ and sequence to guarantee similar image quality than conventional acquisition. • At least 30% and up to 60% acceleration is feasible in specific sequences in clinical routine.
METHODS:BACKGROUND:The main surgical techniques for spontaneous basal ganglia hemorrhage include stereotactic aspiration, endoscopic aspiration, and craniotomy. However, credible evidence is still needed to validate the effect of these techniques. OBJECTIVE:To explore the long-term outcomes of the three surgical techniques in the treatment of spontaneous basal ganglia hemorrhage. METHODS:Five hundred and sixteen patients with spontaneous basal ganglia hemorrhage who received stereotactic aspiration, endoscopic aspiration, or craniotomy were reviewed retrospectively. Six-month mortality and the modified Rankin Scale score were the primary and secondary outcomes, respectively. A multivariate logistic regression model was used to assess the effects of different surgical techniques on patient outcomes. RESULTS:For the entire cohort, the 6-month mortality in the endoscopic aspiration group was significantly lower than that in the stereotactic aspiration group (odds ratio (OR) 4.280, 95% CI 2.186 to 8.380); the 6-month mortality in the endoscopic aspiration group was lower than that in the craniotomy group, but the difference was not significant (OR=1.930, 95% CI 0.835 to 4.465). A further subgroup analysis was stratified by hematoma volume. The mortality in the endoscopic aspiration group was significantly lower than in the stereotactic aspiration group in the medium (≥40-<80 mL) (OR=2.438, 95% CI 1.101 to 5.402) and large hematoma subgroup (≥80 mL) (OR=66.532, 95% CI 6.345 to 697.675). Compared with the endoscopic aspiration group, a trend towards increased mortality was observed in the large hematoma subgroup of the craniotomy group (OR=8.721, 95% CI 0.933 to 81.551). CONCLUSION:Endoscopic aspiration can decrease the 6-month mortality of spontaneous basal ganglia hemorrhage, especially in patients with a hematoma volume ≥40 mL.
METHODS:OBJECTIVE:The primary purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a three-dimensional (3D) software tool (smart planes) for displaying fetal brain planes, and the secondary purpose was to evaluate its accuracy in performing automatic measurements. MATERIAL AND METHODS:This prospective study included singleton fetuses with a gestational age (GA) greater than 18 weeks. Transabdominal two-dimensional ultrasound (2DUS) and 3D smart planes images were respectively used to obtain the basic planes of the fetal brain, with five parameters measured. The images, by either two-dimensional (2D) manual or 3D automatic operation, were reviewed by two experienced sonographers. The agreements between two measurements were analyzed. RESULTS:A total of 226 cases were included. The rates of successful detection by automatic display were as high as 80%. There was substantial agreement between the measurements of the biparietal diameter, head circumference and transcerebellar diameter, but poor agreement between the measurements of cisterna magna and lateral ventricle width. CONCLUSIONS:Smart Planes might be valuable for the rapid evaluation of fetal brain, because it simplifies the evaluation process. However, the technology requires improvement. In addition, this technology cannot replace the conventional manual US scans; it can only be used as an additional approach.