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Treatment patterns in non-small-cell lung cancer in USA: results of the CancerMPact Survey 2018.

美国非小细胞肺癌的治疗模式: CancerMPact 调查 2018 的结果。

  • 影响因子:1.71
  • DOI:10.2217/fon-2019-0812
  • 作者列表:"Robinson D","Hawthorne S","Zhao L","Hanson M","Kanas G","Davis C","Clark O
  • 发表时间:2020-03-01
Abstract

:Aim: To report the results of a survey of USA physicians (CancerMPact) that treat non-small-cell lung cancer patients. Materials & methods: 60 physicians were surveyed. Questions covered aspects of the treatment for all stages of the disease. Results: For stage I patients, over 70% of the treatments were based on surgery. For stage II/III disease, a strong preference for combined therapy (surgery/radiation/systemic therapy) was observed. For advanced/stage IV patients, physicians used systemic therapy alone, and choosed the regimen based on histology and biomarkers. Use of PD-L1 inhibitors was highly dependent on histology and biomarkers. Conclusion: The treatment choices of non-small-cell lung cancer are increasingly complex, involve different treatment modalities and are highly dependent on histology and biomarkers, besides stage.

摘要

目的: 报告美国内科医生 (CancerMPact) 治疗非小细胞肺癌患者的调查结果。材料与方法: 对 60 名内科医生进行调查。问题涵盖了疾病所有阶段的治疗方面。结果: 对于 I 期患者,超过 70% 的治疗以手术为基础。对于 II/III 期疾病,观察到强烈倾向于联合治疗 (手术/放射/全身治疗)。对于晚期/IV 期患者,医生单独使用全身治疗,并根据组织学和生物标志物选择方案。PD-L1 抑制剂的使用高度依赖于组织学和生物标志物。结论: 非小细胞肺癌的治疗选择日益复杂,涉及不同的治疗方式,除分期外,高度依赖于组织学和生物标志物。

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发表时间:2020-01-01
DOI:10.1016/j.asjsur.2019.03.008
作者列表:["Esme H","Can A","Şehitogullari A"]

METHODS:BACKGROUND:The objectives of this study are to assess the chest drainage volumes of patients undergoing anatomic resection of non-small cell lung carcinoma and to determine the safety and effectiveness of administering enoxaparin for thromboprophylaxis. METHODS:A total of 77 patients were included in the study. A study was conducted on the first group of 42 patients in which enoxaparin prophylaxis (enoxaparin, 40 mg) was subcutaneously injected once a day for a period of three days after the patients underwent anatomic pulmonary resection between March 2016 and March 2018. An enoxaparin-free group was identified and included 35 patients who received no enoxaparin prophylaxis after undergoing anatomic pulmonary resection between February 2013 and February 2016. We compared the changes in hemoglobin (Hb) levels, postoperative 3-day drainage volume, transfusion volume, pulmonary complications and length of stay between the two groups. RESULTS:No differences in postoperative Hb levels, chest drainage volume, transfusion volume, postoperative complications, and length of stay were observed between the two groups. Deep-vein thrombosis was noted in a patient in the enoxaparin-free group. No major bleeding was noted in either group. CONCLUSION:We found that for patients undergoing anatomic resection of primary lung cancer, the blood transfusion and chest drainage volumes did not differ, regardless of whether the patients were given enoxaparin. To the best of our knowledge, the impact of low-molecular-weight heparin on chest tube drainage volume for patients undergoing anatomic resection of non-small cell lung carcinoma has not been investigated before.

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影响因子:1.84
发表时间:2020-01-01
来源期刊:Oncology letters
DOI:10.3892/ol.2019.11149
作者列表:["Das SK","Huang YY","Li B","Yu XX","Xiao RH","Yang HF"]

METHODS::The aim of the present study was to compare the safety and efficacy of cryoablation (CA) and microwave ablation (MWA) as treatments for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Patients with stage IIIB or IV NSCLC treated with CA (n=45) or MWA (n=56) were enrolled in the present study. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS); the secondary endpoints included overall survival (OS) time and adverse events (AEs). The median PFS times between the two groups were not significantly different (P=0.36): CA, 10 months [95% confidence interval (CI), 7.5-12.4] vs. MWA, 11 months (95% CI, 9.5-12.4). The OS times between the two groups were also not significantly different (P=0.07): CA, 27.5 months (95% CI, 22.8-31.2 months) vs. MWA, 18 months (95% CI, 12.5-23.5). For larger tumors (>3 cm), patients treated with MWA had significantly longer median PFS (P=0.04; MWA, 10.5 months vs. CA, 7.0 months) and OS times (P=0.04; MWA, 24.5 months vs. CA, 14.5 months) compared patients treated with CA. However, for smaller tumors (≤3 cm), median PFS (P=0.79; MWA, 11.0 months vs. CA, 13.0 months) and OS times (P=0.39; MWA, 30.0 months vs. CA, 26.5 months) between the two groups did not differ significantly. The incidence rates of AEs were similar in the two groups (P>0.05). The number of applicators, tumor size and length of the lung traversed by applicators were associated with a higher risk of pneumothorax and intra-pulmonary hemorrhage in the two groups. Treatment with CA resulted in significantly less intraprocedural pain compared with treatment with MWA (P=0.001). Overall, the present study demonstrated that CA and MWA were comparably safe and effective procedures for the treatment of small tumors. However, treatment with MWA was superior compared with CA for the treatment of large tumors.

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影响因子:8.44
发表时间:2020-02-01
DOI:10.1016/j.annonc.2019.10.022
作者列表:["Mazieres J","Cropet C","Montané L","Barlesi F","Souquet PJ","Quantin X","Dubos-Arvis C","Otto J","Favier L","Avrillon V","Cadranel J","Moro-Sibilot D","Monnet I","Westeel V","Le Treut J","Brain E","Trédaniel J","Jaffro M","Collot S","Ferretti GR","Tiffon C","Mahier-Ait Oukhatar C","Blay JY"]

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