CT2-3, a novel magnolol analogue suppresses NSCLC cells through triggering cell cycle arrest and apoptosis.
CT2-3，一种新的厚朴酚类似物通过触发细胞周期阻滞和凋亡抑制 NSCLC 细胞。
- 作者列表："Chen J","Tao C","Huang X","Chen Z","Wang L","Li X","Ma M","Wu Z
:Magnolol, a major bioactive component found in Magnolia officinalis with anti-inflammation and anti-oxidation activities as well as minimized cytotoxic effects. Although magnolol has a wide range of clinical applications, the anti-tumor activity of magnolol is not efficient. Herein, we reported the synthesis and anti-cancer activities of three novel magnolol analogues CT2-1, CT2-2, CT2-3, among which CT2-3 revealed more efficient anti-non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) activity than magnolol. Our data showed that CT2-3 could significantly inhibit the proliferation of human NSCLC cells in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, we revealed CT2-3 could induce cell cycle arrest through down-regulating mRNA expression of CDK4, CDK6 and cyclin D1. Moreover, we verified that CT2-3 could cause ROS generation, leading to apoptosis of human NSCLC cells. Further more, we also provided strong evidences that CT2-3 down-regulates the expression of c-Myc and topoisomerases, and contributes to the apoptosis of human NSCLC cells. Taken together, the current study is the first to report a promising new chemotherapeutic drug candidate CT2-3 that can efficiently eliminate human NSCLC cells through triggering cell cycle arrest as well as ROS-mediated and c-Myc/topoisomerases-mediated apoptosis.
: 厚朴酚，厚朴中发现的一种主要生物活性成分，具有抗炎和抗氧化活性以及最小化的细胞毒性作用。虽然厚朴酚具有广泛的临床应用，但厚朴酚的抗肿瘤活性并不高效。在此，我们报道了三种新的厚朴酚类似物 CT2-1 、 CT2-2 、 CT2-3 的合成和抗癌活性，其中 CT2-3 显示了更有效的抗非小细胞肺癌 (NSCLC) 活性高于厚朴酚。我们的数据表明，CT2-3 能显著抑制人 NSCLC 细胞的增殖，并呈剂量依赖性。此外，我们揭示了 CT2-3 通过下调 CDK4 、 CDK6 和 cyclin d1 的 mRNA 表达诱导细胞周期阻滞。此外，我们验证了 CT2-3 可引起 ROS 生成，导致人 NSCLC 细胞凋亡。此外，我们还提供了强有力的证据表明，CT2-3 下调 c-Myc 和拓扑异构酶的表达，并有助于人 NSCLC 细胞的凋亡。综合起来看, 目前的研究首次报道了一种有前途的新的化疗药物候选 CT2-3，它可以通过触发细胞周期阻滞以及 ROS 介导的和 c-Myc/拓扑异构酶- 介导的细胞凋亡。
METHODS:BACKGROUND:The objectives of this study are to assess the chest drainage volumes of patients undergoing anatomic resection of non-small cell lung carcinoma and to determine the safety and effectiveness of administering enoxaparin for thromboprophylaxis. METHODS:A total of 77 patients were included in the study. A study was conducted on the first group of 42 patients in which enoxaparin prophylaxis (enoxaparin, 40 mg) was subcutaneously injected once a day for a period of three days after the patients underwent anatomic pulmonary resection between March 2016 and March 2018. An enoxaparin-free group was identified and included 35 patients who received no enoxaparin prophylaxis after undergoing anatomic pulmonary resection between February 2013 and February 2016. We compared the changes in hemoglobin (Hb) levels, postoperative 3-day drainage volume, transfusion volume, pulmonary complications and length of stay between the two groups. RESULTS:No differences in postoperative Hb levels, chest drainage volume, transfusion volume, postoperative complications, and length of stay were observed between the two groups. Deep-vein thrombosis was noted in a patient in the enoxaparin-free group. No major bleeding was noted in either group. CONCLUSION:We found that for patients undergoing anatomic resection of primary lung cancer, the blood transfusion and chest drainage volumes did not differ, regardless of whether the patients were given enoxaparin. To the best of our knowledge, the impact of low-molecular-weight heparin on chest tube drainage volume for patients undergoing anatomic resection of non-small cell lung carcinoma has not been investigated before.
METHODS::The aim of the present study was to compare the safety and efficacy of cryoablation (CA) and microwave ablation (MWA) as treatments for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Patients with stage IIIB or IV NSCLC treated with CA (n=45) or MWA (n=56) were enrolled in the present study. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS); the secondary endpoints included overall survival (OS) time and adverse events (AEs). The median PFS times between the two groups were not significantly different (P=0.36): CA, 10 months [95% confidence interval (CI), 7.5-12.4] vs. MWA, 11 months (95% CI, 9.5-12.4). The OS times between the two groups were also not significantly different (P=0.07): CA, 27.5 months (95% CI, 22.8-31.2 months) vs. MWA, 18 months (95% CI, 12.5-23.5). For larger tumors (>3 cm), patients treated with MWA had significantly longer median PFS (P=0.04; MWA, 10.5 months vs. CA, 7.0 months) and OS times (P=0.04; MWA, 24.5 months vs. CA, 14.5 months) compared patients treated with CA. However, for smaller tumors (≤3 cm), median PFS (P=0.79; MWA, 11.0 months vs. CA, 13.0 months) and OS times (P=0.39; MWA, 30.0 months vs. CA, 26.5 months) between the two groups did not differ significantly. The incidence rates of AEs were similar in the two groups (P>0.05). The number of applicators, tumor size and length of the lung traversed by applicators were associated with a higher risk of pneumothorax and intra-pulmonary hemorrhage in the two groups. Treatment with CA resulted in significantly less intraprocedural pain compared with treatment with MWA (P=0.001). Overall, the present study demonstrated that CA and MWA were comparably safe and effective procedures for the treatment of small tumors. However, treatment with MWA was superior compared with CA for the treatment of large tumors.
METHODS:BACKGROUND:BRAF mutations occurring in 1%-5% of patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) are therapeutic targets for these cancers but the impact of the exact mutation on clinical activity is unclear. The French National Cancer Institute (INCA) launched the AcSé vemurafenib trial to assess the efficacy and safety of vemurafenib in cancers with various BRAF mutations. We herein report the results of the NSCLC cohort. PATIENTS AND METHODS:Tumour samples were screened for BRAF mutations in INCA-certified molecular genetic centres. Patients with BRAF-mutated tumours progressing after ≥1 line of treatment were proposed vemurafenib 960 mg twice daily. Between October 2014 and July 2018, 118 patients were enrolled in the NSCLC cohort. The primary outcome was the objective response rate (ORR) assessed every 8 weeks (RECIST v1.1). A sequential Bayesian approach was planned with an inefficacy bound of 10% for ORR. If no early stopping occurred, the treatment was of interest if the estimated ORR was ≥30% with a 90% probability. Secondary outcomes were tolerance, response duration, progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS). RESULTS:Of the 118 patients enrolled, 101 presented with a BRAFV600 mutation and 17 with BRAFnonV600 mutations; the median follow-up was 23.9 months. In the BRAFnonV600 cohort, no objective response was observed and this cohort was stopped. In the BRAFV600 cohort, 43/96 patients had objective responses. The mean Bayesian estimated success rate was 44.9% [95% confidence intervals (CI) 35.2%-54.8%]. The ORR had a 99.9% probability of being ≥30%. Median response duration was 6.4 months, median PFS was 5.2 months (95% CI 3.8-6.8), and OS was 10 months (95% CI 6.8-15.7). The vemurafenib safety profile was consistent with previous publications. CONCLUSION:Routine biomarker screening of NSCLC should include BRAFV600 mutations. Vemurafenib monotherapy is effective for treating patients with BRAFV600-mutated NSCLC but not those with BRAFnonV600 mutations. TRIAL REGISTRATION:ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02304809.