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RNA-Seq profiling of circular RNAs in human small cell lung cancer.

人小细胞肺癌环状 RNA 的 RNA-Seq 谱。

  • 影响因子:4.00
  • DOI:10.2217/epi-2019-0382
  • 作者列表:"Zhang C","Zhang B","Yuan B","Chen C","Zhou Y","Zhang Y","Sheng Z","Sun N","Wu X
  • 发表时间:2020-02-21
Abstract

:Aim: We aimed to explore the circular RNA (circRNA) profile of small-cell lung cancer (SCLC). Materials & methods: Total RNA was extracted from six paired SCLC tumors and adjacent noncancerous tissues. Next-generation sequencing was performed to identify the circRNA expression profile of SCLC. Results: We found that five circRNAs were significantly upregulated and 30 circRNAs were significantly downregulated in the SCLC tissues. We confirmed the five upregulated and four randomly selected downregulated circRNAs using real-time quantitative PCR. Notably, circ-STXBP5L was selectively upregulated in SCLC samples, but undetectable in the normal control tissues. Bioinformatics analysis demonstrated that circ-STXBP5L may participate in SCLC carcinogenesis by regulating numerous cancer-related pathways. Conclusion: This study may provide new insights into the early diagnosis and development of targeted therapies for SCLC.

摘要

目的: 我们旨在探索小细胞肺癌 (SCLC) 的环状 RNA (circRNA) 谱。材料和方法: 从 6 个配对的 SCLC 肿瘤和癌旁组织中提取总 RNA。进行下一代测序以鉴定 SCLC 的 circRNA 表达谱。结果: 我们发现 SCLC 组织中有 5 个 circrna 显著上调,30 个 circrna 显著下调。我们使用实时定量 PCR 证实了 5 个上调的和 4 个随机选择的下调的 circRNAs。值得注意的是,circ-STXBP5L 在 SCLC 样本中选择性上调,但在正常对照组织中检测不到。生物信息学分析表明,circ-STXBP5L 可能通过调控多种癌症相关通路参与小细胞肺癌的发生。结论: 本研究可能为 SCLC 的早期诊断和靶向治疗的发展提供新的见解。

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发表时间:2020-01-01
DOI:10.1016/j.asjsur.2019.03.008
作者列表:["Esme H","Can A","Şehitogullari A"]

METHODS:BACKGROUND:The objectives of this study are to assess the chest drainage volumes of patients undergoing anatomic resection of non-small cell lung carcinoma and to determine the safety and effectiveness of administering enoxaparin for thromboprophylaxis. METHODS:A total of 77 patients were included in the study. A study was conducted on the first group of 42 patients in which enoxaparin prophylaxis (enoxaparin, 40 mg) was subcutaneously injected once a day for a period of three days after the patients underwent anatomic pulmonary resection between March 2016 and March 2018. An enoxaparin-free group was identified and included 35 patients who received no enoxaparin prophylaxis after undergoing anatomic pulmonary resection between February 2013 and February 2016. We compared the changes in hemoglobin (Hb) levels, postoperative 3-day drainage volume, transfusion volume, pulmonary complications and length of stay between the two groups. RESULTS:No differences in postoperative Hb levels, chest drainage volume, transfusion volume, postoperative complications, and length of stay were observed between the two groups. Deep-vein thrombosis was noted in a patient in the enoxaparin-free group. No major bleeding was noted in either group. CONCLUSION:We found that for patients undergoing anatomic resection of primary lung cancer, the blood transfusion and chest drainage volumes did not differ, regardless of whether the patients were given enoxaparin. To the best of our knowledge, the impact of low-molecular-weight heparin on chest tube drainage volume for patients undergoing anatomic resection of non-small cell lung carcinoma has not been investigated before.

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影响因子:1.84
发表时间:2020-01-01
来源期刊:Oncology letters
DOI:10.3892/ol.2019.11149
作者列表:["Das SK","Huang YY","Li B","Yu XX","Xiao RH","Yang HF"]

METHODS::The aim of the present study was to compare the safety and efficacy of cryoablation (CA) and microwave ablation (MWA) as treatments for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Patients with stage IIIB or IV NSCLC treated with CA (n=45) or MWA (n=56) were enrolled in the present study. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS); the secondary endpoints included overall survival (OS) time and adverse events (AEs). The median PFS times between the two groups were not significantly different (P=0.36): CA, 10 months [95% confidence interval (CI), 7.5-12.4] vs. MWA, 11 months (95% CI, 9.5-12.4). The OS times between the two groups were also not significantly different (P=0.07): CA, 27.5 months (95% CI, 22.8-31.2 months) vs. MWA, 18 months (95% CI, 12.5-23.5). For larger tumors (>3 cm), patients treated with MWA had significantly longer median PFS (P=0.04; MWA, 10.5 months vs. CA, 7.0 months) and OS times (P=0.04; MWA, 24.5 months vs. CA, 14.5 months) compared patients treated with CA. However, for smaller tumors (≤3 cm), median PFS (P=0.79; MWA, 11.0 months vs. CA, 13.0 months) and OS times (P=0.39; MWA, 30.0 months vs. CA, 26.5 months) between the two groups did not differ significantly. The incidence rates of AEs were similar in the two groups (P>0.05). The number of applicators, tumor size and length of the lung traversed by applicators were associated with a higher risk of pneumothorax and intra-pulmonary hemorrhage in the two groups. Treatment with CA resulted in significantly less intraprocedural pain compared with treatment with MWA (P=0.001). Overall, the present study demonstrated that CA and MWA were comparably safe and effective procedures for the treatment of small tumors. However, treatment with MWA was superior compared with CA for the treatment of large tumors.

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影响因子:8.44
发表时间:2020-02-01
DOI:10.1016/j.annonc.2019.10.022
作者列表:["Mazieres J","Cropet C","Montané L","Barlesi F","Souquet PJ","Quantin X","Dubos-Arvis C","Otto J","Favier L","Avrillon V","Cadranel J","Moro-Sibilot D","Monnet I","Westeel V","Le Treut J","Brain E","Trédaniel J","Jaffro M","Collot S","Ferretti GR","Tiffon C","Mahier-Ait Oukhatar C","Blay JY"]

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