Deguelin suppresses non-small cell lung cancer by inhibiting EGFR signaling and promoting GSK3β/FBW7-mediated Mcl-1 destabilization.
鱼藤素通过抑制 EGFR 信号通路和促进 gsk3 β/FBW7-mediated 的失稳抑制非小细胞肺癌 Mcl-1。
- 作者列表："Gao F","Yu X","Li M","Zhou L","Liu W","Li W","Liu H
:Activating mutations of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) play crucial roles in the oncogenesis of human non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). By screening 79 commercially available natural products, we found that the natural compound deguelin exhibited a profound anti-tumor effect on NSCLC via directly down-regulating of EGFR-signaling pathway. Deguelin potently inhibited in vitro EGFR kinase activity of wild type (WT), exon 19 deletion, and L858R/T790M-mutated EGFR. The in silico docking study indicated that deguelin was docked into the ATP-binding pocket of EGFRs. By suppression of EGFR signaling, deguelin inhibited anchorage-dependent, and independent growth of NSCLC cell lines, and significantly delayed tumorigenesis in vivo. Further study showed that deguelin inhibited EGFR and downstream kinase Akt, which resulted in the activation of GSK3β and eventually enhanced Mcl-1 phosphorylation at S159. Moreover, deguelin promoted the interaction between Mcl-1 and E3 ligase SCFFBW7, which enhanced FBW7-mediated Mcl-1 ubiquitination and degradation. Additionally, phosphorylation of Mcl-1 by GSK3β is a prerequisite for FBW7-mediated Mcl-1 destruction. Depletion or pharmacological inactivation of GSK3β compromised deguelin-induced Mcl-1 ubiquitination and reduction. Taken together, our data indicate that enhancement of ubiquitination-dependent Mcl-1 turnover might be a promising approach for cancer treatment.
表皮生长因子受体 (EGFR) 的激活突变在人类非小细胞肺癌 (NSCLC) 的肿瘤发生中起着至关重要的作用。通过筛选 79 种市售天然产物，我们发现天然化合物鱼藤素通过直接下调 EGFR 信号通路对 NSCLC 表现出深刻的抗肿瘤作用。Deguelin 在体外强效抑制野生型 (WT) 、外显子 19 缺失和 L858R/T790M-mutated EGFR 激酶活性。计算机对接研究表明鱼藤素被对接到 EGFRs 的 ATP 结合口袋中。通过抑制 EGFR 信号，鱼藤素抑制 NSCLC 细胞系的锚定依赖性和非依赖性生长，并显著延缓体内肿瘤发生。进一步研究表明，鱼藤素抑制 EGFR 和下游激酶 Akt，从而导致 gsk3 β 的活化，最终增强 s159 的 Mcl-1 磷酸化。此外，鱼藤素促进 Mcl-1 与 E3 连接酶 SCFFBW7 之间的相互作用，从而增强 FBW7-mediated 泛素化和降解 Mcl-1。此外，gsk3 β 磷酸化 Mcl-1 是 FBW7-mediated 破坏 Mcl-1 先决条件。Gsk3 β 受损的鱼藤素的耗竭或药理学失活诱导的 Mcl-1 泛素化和还原。总之，我们的数据表明，增强泛素化依赖性 Mcl-1 转换可能是一种很有前途的癌症治疗方法。
METHODS:BACKGROUND:The objectives of this study are to assess the chest drainage volumes of patients undergoing anatomic resection of non-small cell lung carcinoma and to determine the safety and effectiveness of administering enoxaparin for thromboprophylaxis. METHODS:A total of 77 patients were included in the study. A study was conducted on the first group of 42 patients in which enoxaparin prophylaxis (enoxaparin, 40 mg) was subcutaneously injected once a day for a period of three days after the patients underwent anatomic pulmonary resection between March 2016 and March 2018. An enoxaparin-free group was identified and included 35 patients who received no enoxaparin prophylaxis after undergoing anatomic pulmonary resection between February 2013 and February 2016. We compared the changes in hemoglobin (Hb) levels, postoperative 3-day drainage volume, transfusion volume, pulmonary complications and length of stay between the two groups. RESULTS:No differences in postoperative Hb levels, chest drainage volume, transfusion volume, postoperative complications, and length of stay were observed between the two groups. Deep-vein thrombosis was noted in a patient in the enoxaparin-free group. No major bleeding was noted in either group. CONCLUSION:We found that for patients undergoing anatomic resection of primary lung cancer, the blood transfusion and chest drainage volumes did not differ, regardless of whether the patients were given enoxaparin. To the best of our knowledge, the impact of low-molecular-weight heparin on chest tube drainage volume for patients undergoing anatomic resection of non-small cell lung carcinoma has not been investigated before.
METHODS::The aim of the present study was to compare the safety and efficacy of cryoablation (CA) and microwave ablation (MWA) as treatments for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Patients with stage IIIB or IV NSCLC treated with CA (n=45) or MWA (n=56) were enrolled in the present study. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS); the secondary endpoints included overall survival (OS) time and adverse events (AEs). The median PFS times between the two groups were not significantly different (P=0.36): CA, 10 months [95% confidence interval (CI), 7.5-12.4] vs. MWA, 11 months (95% CI, 9.5-12.4). The OS times between the two groups were also not significantly different (P=0.07): CA, 27.5 months (95% CI, 22.8-31.2 months) vs. MWA, 18 months (95% CI, 12.5-23.5). For larger tumors (>3 cm), patients treated with MWA had significantly longer median PFS (P=0.04; MWA, 10.5 months vs. CA, 7.0 months) and OS times (P=0.04; MWA, 24.5 months vs. CA, 14.5 months) compared patients treated with CA. However, for smaller tumors (≤3 cm), median PFS (P=0.79; MWA, 11.0 months vs. CA, 13.0 months) and OS times (P=0.39; MWA, 30.0 months vs. CA, 26.5 months) between the two groups did not differ significantly. The incidence rates of AEs were similar in the two groups (P>0.05). The number of applicators, tumor size and length of the lung traversed by applicators were associated with a higher risk of pneumothorax and intra-pulmonary hemorrhage in the two groups. Treatment with CA resulted in significantly less intraprocedural pain compared with treatment with MWA (P=0.001). Overall, the present study demonstrated that CA and MWA were comparably safe and effective procedures for the treatment of small tumors. However, treatment with MWA was superior compared with CA for the treatment of large tumors.
METHODS:BACKGROUND:BRAF mutations occurring in 1%-5% of patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) are therapeutic targets for these cancers but the impact of the exact mutation on clinical activity is unclear. The French National Cancer Institute (INCA) launched the AcSé vemurafenib trial to assess the efficacy and safety of vemurafenib in cancers with various BRAF mutations. We herein report the results of the NSCLC cohort. PATIENTS AND METHODS:Tumour samples were screened for BRAF mutations in INCA-certified molecular genetic centres. Patients with BRAF-mutated tumours progressing after ≥1 line of treatment were proposed vemurafenib 960 mg twice daily. Between October 2014 and July 2018, 118 patients were enrolled in the NSCLC cohort. The primary outcome was the objective response rate (ORR) assessed every 8 weeks (RECIST v1.1). A sequential Bayesian approach was planned with an inefficacy bound of 10% for ORR. If no early stopping occurred, the treatment was of interest if the estimated ORR was ≥30% with a 90% probability. Secondary outcomes were tolerance, response duration, progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS). RESULTS:Of the 118 patients enrolled, 101 presented with a BRAFV600 mutation and 17 with BRAFnonV600 mutations; the median follow-up was 23.9 months. In the BRAFnonV600 cohort, no objective response was observed and this cohort was stopped. In the BRAFV600 cohort, 43/96 patients had objective responses. The mean Bayesian estimated success rate was 44.9% [95% confidence intervals (CI) 35.2%-54.8%]. The ORR had a 99.9% probability of being ≥30%. Median response duration was 6.4 months, median PFS was 5.2 months (95% CI 3.8-6.8), and OS was 10 months (95% CI 6.8-15.7). The vemurafenib safety profile was consistent with previous publications. CONCLUSION:Routine biomarker screening of NSCLC should include BRAFV600 mutations. Vemurafenib monotherapy is effective for treating patients with BRAFV600-mutated NSCLC but not those with BRAFnonV600 mutations. TRIAL REGISTRATION:ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02304809.