Blood Platelet Count at Hospital Admission Impacts Long-Term Mortality in Patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome.
- 作者列表："Małyszczak A","Łukawska A","Dyląg I","Lis W","Mysiak A","Kuliczkowski W
INTRODUCTION:Platelets play a fundamental role in the pathogenesis of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). The platelet count (PC) at hospital admission is easy to obtain, but whether thrombocytopenia or/and thrombocytosis impact long-term mortality (LTM) after ACS is unclear. OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the effect of PC at hospital admission on LTM in patients with ACS. METHODS:This retrospective cohort study included patients with the ICD-10 codes for unstable angina (I.20) and acute myocardial infarction (I.21, I.22). Thrombocytopenia was defined as a blood PC <150 G/L and thrombocytosis as a PC >450 G/L. Additional platelet indices which were tested included plateletcrit (PCT), the mean platelet volume (MPV), the platelet distribution width (PDW), and the platelet larger cell ratio (P-LCR). Data on all-cause death were obtained from the National Health Fund database. RESULTS:The study included 3,162 patients with a median follow-up of 27.2 months (interquartile range 12.5-46.8 months; max 68.7 months). Patients with thrombocytopenia and thrombocytosis yielded a higher maximal analyzed 5-year mortality rate in comparison with normal PC patients (45.8 and 47.7 vs. 24.2%, respectively; p < 0.00001) which was mainly driven by higher deaths at 1-2 years after ACS. The 5-year LTM was also significantly higher in patients with abnormal PCT and MPV levels in comparison with patients with PCT and MPV within the normal range. Other platelet indices (PDW, P-LCR) were not associated with a worse outcome. The Cox proportional hazards model revealed that thrombocytopenia at admission was independently associated with higher LTM after ACS (RR 1.83; 95% CI 1.1-3.0; p = 0.01). CONCLUSIONS:Both thrombocytopenia and thrombocytosis at hospital admission in post-ACS patients are associated with a significant almost two times higher 5-year mortality rate.
引言: 血小板在急性冠状动脉综合征 (ACS) 的发病机制中起着基础作用。入院时血小板计数 (PC) 很容易获得，但血小板减少或/和血小板增多是否影响 ACS 后的长期死亡率 (LTM) 尚不清楚。 目的: 评价入院时 PC 对 ACS 患者 LTM 的影响。 方法: 本回顾性队列研究包括不稳定型心绞痛 (I.20) 和急性心肌梗死 (I.21，I.22) ICD-10 编码的患者。血小板减少定义为血 PC 450G/L。检测的其他血小板指标包括血小板压积 (PCT) 、平均血小板体积 (MPV) 、血小板分布宽度 (PDW) 和血小板较大细胞比率 (P-LCR)。全因死亡数据来自国家卫生基金数据库。 结果: 研究纳入 3,162 例患者，中位随访时间为 27.2 个月 (四分位距 12.5-46.8 个月; 最大 68.7 个月)。与正常 PC 患者相比，血小板减少和血小板增多患者的最大分析 5 年死亡率较高 (45.8 和 47.7 vs. 分别为 24.2%; p
METHODS:BACKGROUND: Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors (GPIs) in combination with clopidogrel improve clinical outcome in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI); however, finding a balance that minimizes both thrombotic and bleeding risk remains fundamental. The efficacy and safety of GPI in addition to ticagrelor, a more potent P2Y12-inhibitor, have not been fully investigated. METHODS: 1,630 STEMI patients who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were analyzed in this subanalysis of the ATLANTIC trial. Patients were divided in three groups: no GPI, GPI administration routinely before primary PCI, and GPI administration in bailout situations. The primary efficacy outcome was a composite of death, myocardial infarction, urgent target revascularization, and definite stent thrombosis at 30 days. The safety outcome was non-coronary artery bypass graft (CABG)-related PLATO major bleeding at 30 days. RESULTS: Compared with no GPI (n = 930), routine GPI (n = 525) or bailout GPI (n = 175) was not associated with an improved primary efficacy outcome (4.2% no GPI vs. 4.0% routine GPI vs. 6.9% bailout GPI; p = 0.58). After multivariate analysis, the use of GPI in bailout situations was associated with a higher incidence of non-CABG-related bleeding compared with no GPI (odds ratio [OR] 2.96, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.32-6.64; p = 0.03). However, routine GPI use compared with no GPI was not associated with a significant increase in bleeding (OR 1.78, 95% CI 0.88-3.61; p = 0.92). CONCLUSION: Use of GPIs in addition to ticagrelor in STEMI patients was not associated with an improvement in 30-day ischemic outcome. A significant increase in 30-day non-CABG-related PLATO major bleeding was seen in patients who received GPIs in a bailout situation.
METHODS:OBJECTIVES:There are limited data on bivalirudin monotherapy in patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTE-ACS) with positive biomarkers of myocardial necrosis (troponin and/or creatine kinase-myocardial band isoenzyme). We sought to evaluate the safety and efficacy of bivalirudin monotherapy in patients with positive biomarkers from the Acute Catheterization and Urgent Intervention Triage Strategy (ACUITY) trial. PATIENTS AND METHODS:We compared the net adverse clinical events [composite ischemia - (death, myocardial infarction, or unplanned ischemic revascularization) - or noncoronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG)-related major bleeding] among patients with biomarker-positive NSTE-ACS in the ACUITY trial overall and by antithrombotic strategy. RESULTS:Among 13 819 patients with NSTE-ACS enrolled in ACUITY, 4728 patients presented with positive biomarkers and underwent an early invasive strategy. Of those, 1547 were randomized to heparin plus a glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor (GPI), 1555 to bivalirudin plus GPI, and 1626 to bivalirudin monotherapy. Compared with biomarker-negative patients, biomarker-positive patients had higher 30-day rates of net adverse clinical events (14.0 vs. 12.4%; P = 0.04), all-cause death (1.3 vs. 0.5%; P = 0.001), cardiac death (1.1 vs. 0.5%; P = 0.005), and non-CABG-related major bleeding (6.5 vs. 5.2%, P = 0.03). At 30 days, bivalirudin monotherapy was associated with significantly less non-CABG-related major bleeding (bivalirudin monotherapy 4.1% vs. bivalirudin plus GPI 8.4% vs. heparin plus GPI 7.1%) with comparable rates of composite ischemia (bivalirudin monotherapy 9.2% vs. bivalirudin plus GPI 9.9% vs. heparin plus GPI 8.4%). In a multivariable model, bivalirudin monotherapy was associated with a significant reduction in non-CABG-related major bleeding but was not associated with an increased risk of death, myocardial infarction, unplanned revascularization or stent thrombosis. CONCLUSION:Compared with heparin plus GPI or bivalirudin plus GPI, bivalirudin monotherapy provides similar protection from ischemic events with less major bleeding at 30 days among patients with NSTE-ACS and positive biomarkers.
METHODS:Atrial fibrillation (AF) and concomitant coronary artery disease (CAD) create a therapeutic dilemma as the risk of bleeding with triple antithrombotic therapy (TATT) must be balanced against the risk of ischemic events with double antithrombotic therapy (DATT). The aim of this meta-analysis is to compare the efficacy and safety of DATT versus TATT in AF and CAD. MEDLINE, Cochrane, and ClinicalTrials.gov databases were searched for relevant articles published from inception to May 1, 2019. Studies comparing the safety and efficacy of DATT versus TATT in patients with AF and CAD were included. Among 9 studies, where 6,104 patients received DATT and 7,333 patients received TATT, there was no statistically significant difference in the outcomes of mortality, nonfatal myocardial infarction, stent thrombosis, and stroke. There was a lower rate of major bleeding in DATT (risk ratio [RR] 0.64 [95% confidence interval [CI] 0.54 to 0.75]; p <0.001). There was no significant difference in stent thrombosis (RR 1.52 [95% CI 0.97 to 2.38]; p = 0.07). However, subgroup analysis of trials with direct oral anticoagulant use demonstrated a borderline higher rate of stent thrombosis in DATT (RR 1.66 [95% CI 1.01 to 2.73]; p = 0.05). In conclusion, DATT showed no difference in the outcomes of mortality, stroke, nonfatal myocardial infarction, and stent thrombosis compared with TATT. DATT demonstrated a lower rate of major bleeding. DATT demonstrated a borderline higher rate of stent thrombosis in the subgroup analysis of trials with direct oral anticoagulant which needs to be evaluated in further studies.