Reduced pancreatic polypeptide response is associated with early alteration of glycemic control in chronic pancreatitis.
- 作者列表："Aslam M","Vijayasarathy K","Talukdar R","Sasikala M","Nageshwar Reddy D
AIM:To study the incidence of glucose intolerance in CP patients without diabetes by performing oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). METHODS:We screened consecutive Indian CP patients without diabetes over 6 months by performing OGTT and correlated with physical characteristics and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c). We also compared c-peptide and pancreatic polypeptide response in different groups based on OGTT. Relevant statistical tests were performed. P < 0.05 was considered significant. RESULTS:Total of 171 patients were screened. Mean duration of CP was 5.03 ± 4.32 years. 55 were detected to have prediabetes and 40 DM on OGTT. CP patients with diabetes and prediabetes had significantly dilated pancreatic duct compared to non-diabetic CP (4.2 ± 2.7 mm, 3.6 ± 2.7 mm, 2.84 ± 2.25 mm; p = 0.018). Fasting blood glucose (FBS) and 2-hour OGTT were 109.35 ± 19.06, 97.47 ± 11.94, 85.24 ± 9.95 and 236.13 ± 31.42, 154.65 ± 19.53, 112.89 ± 16.32 in patients with DM, prediabetes and CP patients without diabetes (p < 0.0001). There was a good c-peptide response (p = 0.001) and reduced pancreatic polypeptide response (p = 0.003) in CP patients compared to controls. CONCLUSION:Early in the course of disease reduced pancreatic polypeptide response in the presence of good c-peptide response may result in development of DM.
目的: 通过口服葡萄糖耐量试验 (OGTT) 研究无糖尿病的 CP 患者的葡萄糖耐受不良发生率。 方法: 我们通过 OGTT 筛查连续 6 个月以上无糖尿病的印度 CP 患者，并与身体特征和糖化血红蛋白 (HbA1c) 相关。我们还根据 OGTT 比较了不同组的 c肽和胰多肽反应。进行相关统计检验。P
METHODS::Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is a disease of aging. The TP53 gene product regulates cell growth, aging, and cancer. To determine the important targets of TP53 in PDAC, we examined the expression of 440 proteins on a reverse phase protein array (RPPA) in PDAC-derived MIA-PaCa-2 cells which either had WT-TP53 or lacked WT-TP53. MIA-PaCa-2 cells have a TP53 mutation as well as mutant KRAS and represent a good in vitro model to study PDAC. RPPA analysis demonstrated expression of tumor promoting proteins in cells that lacked WT-TP53; and this feature could be reversed significantly when the cells were transfected with vector encoding WT-TP53 or treated with berberine or a modified berberine (BBR). Expression of miR-34a-associated signaling was elevated in cells expressing WT-TP53 compared to cells expressing mTP53. Results from in vivo studies using human PDAC specimens confirmed the in vitro results as the expression of miR-34a and associated signaling was significantly decreased in PDAC specimens compared to non-cancerous tissues. This study determined SERPINE1 as a miR-34a target with relevance to the biology of PDAC. Thus, we have identified a key target (SERPINE1) of the TP53/miR-34a axis that may serve as a potential biomarker for early detection of pancreatic cancer.
METHODS::Background: SLC6A14 (ATB0,+), a Na+/Cl-coupled transporter for neutral/cationic amino acids, is overexpressed in many cancers; It has been investigated as a target for improved liposomal drug delivery to treat liver cancer.Research design and methods: Here we explored the mechanism of ATB0,+-mediated entry of such liposomes. As ATB0,+ is highly-expressed in pancreatic cancer, we also examined the therapeutic utility of ATB0,+-targeted liposomal drug delivery to treat this cancer.Results: The uptake of lysine-conjugated liposomes (LYS-LPs) was greater in ATB0,+-positive MCF7 cells. The uptake process consisted of two steps: binding and internalization. The binding of LYS-LPs to MCF7 cells was higher than that of bare liposomes, and the process was dependent on Na+ and Cl-, and inhibitable by ATB0,+ substrates or blocker. In contrast, the internalization step was independent of lysine. The cellular entry of LYS-LPs facilitated by ATB0,+ occurred via endocytosis with transient endosomal degradation of ATB0,+ protein with subsequent recovery. Moreover, LYS-LPs also enhanced the uptake and cytotoxicity of gemcitabine in these cells in an ATB0,+-dependent manner.Conclusions: We conclude that ATB0,+ could be exploited for targeted drug delivery in the form of lysine-conjugated liposomes and that the approach represents a novel strategy for enhanced pancreatic cancer therapy.
METHODS:PURPOSE:Pre-operative prediction of histological response to neoadjuvant therapy aids decisions regarding surgical management of borderline resectable pancreatic cancer (BRPC). We elucidate correlation between pre-/post-treatment whole-tumor apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) value and rate of tumor cell destruction. We newly verify whether post-treatment ADC value at the site of vascular contact predicts R0 resectability of BRPC. METHODS:We prospectively reviewed 28 patients with BRPC who underwent diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging before neoadjuvant chemotherapy and surgery. Correlation between the percentage of tumor cell destruction and various parameters was analyzed. Strong parameters were assessed for their ability to predict therapeutic histological response and R0 resectability. RESULTS:Pre-/post-treatment whole-tumor ADC value correlated with tumor cell destruction rate by all parameters (R = 0.630/0.714, P 50% was determined at 1.40 × 10-3 mm2/s. It predicts histological response with 100% sensitivity, 81% specificity, and 89% accuracy. It predicts R0 with 88% sensitivity, 70% specificity, and 75% accuracy. CONCLUSIONS:Post-treatment whole-tumor ADC value may be a predictor of R0 resectability in patients with BRPC. Tumor cell destruction rate is indicated by the difference between pre-/post-treatment ADC values. This difference is strongly affected by the pre-treatment ADC value. The cutoff value of ADC at the site of vascular contact could not discriminate R0 resectability.