- 作者列表："Xenogiannis I","Gkargkoulas F","Karmpaliotis D","Krestyaninov O","Khelimskii D","Jaffer FA","Khatri JJ","Kandzari DE","Wyman RM","Doing AH","Dattilo P","Toma C","Yeh RW","Tamez H","Choi JW","Jaber W","Samady H","Sheikh AM","Potluri S","Patel M","Mahmud E","Elbaruni B","Love MP","Koutouzis M","Tsiafoutis I","Jefferson BK","Patel T","Uretsky B","Moses JW","Lembo NJ","Parikh M","Kirtane AJ","Ali ZA","Hall AB","Megaly MS","Vemmou E","Nikolakopoulos I","Rangan BV","Morley PW","Bou Dargham B","Abdullah S","Garcia S","Banerjee S","Burke MN","Brilakis ES","Alaswad K
OBJECTIVES:The aim of this study was to examine the use of saphenous vein grafts (SVGs) for retrograde crossing during chronic total occlusion (CTO) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). BACKGROUND:The use of SVGs for retrograde crossing during CTO PCI has received limited study. METHODS:A total of 1,615 retrograde CTO PCIs performed between 2012 and 2019 at 25 centers were examined. Clinical, angiographic, and technical characteristics and procedural outcomes were compared among retrograde cases via SVGs (SVG group) versus other collateral vessels (non-SVG group). RESULTS:Retrograde CTO PCI via SVGs was performed in 189 cases (12%). Patients in the SVG group were older (mean age 70 ± 9 years vs. 64 ± 10 years; p < 0.01) and had higher rates of prior myocardial infarction (62% vs. 51%; p < 0.01) and prior PCI (81% vs. 70%; p < 0.01). They were more likely to have moderate or severe calcification (81% vs. 65%; p < 0.01) and moderate or severe tortuosity (53% vs. 44%; p = 0.02) and had similar J-CTO (Multicenter CTO Registry in Japan) scores (3.2 ± 1.0 vs. 3.1 ± 1.1; p = 0.13) but higher PROGRESS-CTO (Prospective Global Registry for the Study of Chronic Total Occlusion Intervention) scores (4.7 ± 1.7 vs. 3.1 ± 1.1; p < 0.01). Technical (85% vs. 78%; p = 0.04) and procedural (81% vs. 74%; p = 0.04) success rates were higher in the SVG group, with no difference in in-hospital major adverse events (6.4% vs. 4.4%; p = 0.22). Contrast volume was lower in the SVG group (225 ml [173 to 325 ml] vs. 292 ml [202 to 400 ml]; p < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS:Use of SVGs for retrograde crossing is associated with higher rates of technical and procedural success and similar rates of in-hospital major adverse cardiac events compared with retrograde CTO PCI via other collateral vessels.
目的: 本研究的目的是检查在慢性完全闭塞 (CTO) 经皮冠状动脉介入治疗 (PCI) 中使用隐静脉移植物 (SVGs) 逆行交叉。 背景: 在 CTO PCI 期间使用 SVGs 进行逆行交叉的研究有限。 方法: 共检查了 1,615 和 2012年在 25 个中心进行的 2019 例逆行 CTO PCIs。通过 SVGs 逆行病例 (SVG 组) 与其他侧支血管 (非 SVG 组) 比较临床、血管造影和技术特征及手术结局。 结果: 经 SVGs 逆行 CTO PCI 189 例 (12%)。SVG 组患者年龄较大 (平均年龄 70 ± 9 岁 vs.64 ± 10 岁; p
METHODS:Aims : We sought to investigate the thrombogenicity of different DES and BMS in an in vitro system of stent perfusion. Material and Methods: The experimental model consisted of a peristaltic pump connected to 4 parallel silicone tubes in which different stents were deployed. Blood was drawn from healthy volunteers and the amount of stent surfaced -induced thrombus deposition was determined using 125 I -fibrinogen. Results: Compared to Resolute, Biomatrix and Vision, Xience was associated with the lowest amount of stent surface -induced thrombus formation, with a significant difference compared to Vision (125 I -fibrinogen median value deposition [IQ range]: 50 ng [25 -98] versus 560 ng [320 - 1,520], respectively, p<0.05), but not to other DES. In the second set of experiments Fluoropolymer -coated BMS not eluting drug was associated with a significant 3 -fold reduction in 125 I -fibrinogen deposition (245 ng [80 -300]) compared to Vision (625 ng [320 -760], p<0.05), but a 7 -fold increase compared to Xience (35 ng [20 -60], p<0.05). Finally Xience was associated with a significantly greater absorption of albumin compared to BMS. Conclusions: In an in vitro system of stent perfusion, Xience was associated with the lowest amount of stent surface -induced thrombus formation compared with Resolute, Biomatrix and Vision, with a noted synergistic effect between the fluoropolymer and the drug.
METHODS::Fibronectin-splice variant containing extra domain A (Fn-EDA) is associated with smooth muscle cells (SMCs) following vascular injury. The role of SMC-derived Fn-EDA in SMC phenotypic switching or its implication in neointimal hyperplasia remains unclear. Herein, using human coronary artery sections with a bare metal stent, we demonstrate the expression of Fn-EDA in the vicinity of SMC-rich neointima and peri-strut areas. In mice, Fn-EDA colocalizes with SMCs in the neointima of injured carotid arteries and promotes neointima formation in the comorbid condition of hyperlipidemia by potentiating SMC proliferation and migration. No sex-based differences were observed. Mechanistic studies suggested that Fn-EDA mediates integrin- and TLR4-dependent proliferation and migration through activation of FAK/Src and Akt1/mTOR signaling, respectively. Specific deletion of Fn-EDA in SMCs, but not in endothelial cells, reduced intimal hyperplasia and suppressed the SMC synthetic phenotype concomitant with decreased Akt1/mTOR signaling. Targeting Fn-EDA in human aortic SMCs suppressed the synthetic phenotype and downregulated Akt1/mTOR signaling. These results reveal that SMC-derived Fn-EDA potentiates phenotypic switching in human and mouse aortic SMCs and neointimal hyperplasia in the mouse. We suggest that targeting Fn-EDA could be explored as a potential therapeutic strategy to reduce neointimal hyperplasia.
METHODS:OBJECTIVE:The goal of this study was to determine the impact of late-acquired stent malapposition (LASM) on long-term clinical outcomes in patients treated with coronary stent implantation. Approach and Results: We investigated major adverse cardiac event during 10 years after 6-month intravascular ultrasound examination using our previous studies database. A total of 732 patients treated with bare-metal stent (54 LASM versus 678 non-LASM) and 529 patients treated with first-generation drug-eluting stent (82 LASM versus 447 non-LASM), who did not have clinical event or censoring at the time of follow-up intravascular ultrasound, were included for the present analysis. major adverse cardiac event was defined as the composite of cardiac death, target vessel-related myocardial infarction, target lesion revascularization and stent thrombosis. Multivariable adjustment and inverse probability weight were performed to consider baseline differences. After multivariable adjustment, LASM was related to a greater risk of major adverse cardiac event (hazard ratio, 1.666 [95% CI, 1.041-2.665]; P=0.0333) and very-late stent thrombosis (hazard ratio, 3.529 [95% CI, 1.153-10.798]; P=0.0271) than non-LASM in patients treated with first-generation drug-eluting stent, but not in those treated with bare-metal stent. Results were consistent after inverse probability weight. Among patients with LASM of first-generation drug-eluting stent, no late stent thrombosis occurred in patients who continued to receive dual antiplatelet therapy. CONCLUSIONS:The relationship between LASM and major adverse cardiac event might depend on the type of implanted stents during the long-term follow-up, highlighting the clinical significance of polymers and drugs in drug-eluting stent system.