Human Amnion Membrane Proteins Prevent Doxorubicin-Induced Oxidative Stress Injury and Apoptosis in Rat H9c2 Cardiomyocytes.
人羊膜膜蛋白可预防多柔比星诱导的大鼠 H9c2 心肌细胞氧化应激损伤和凋亡。
- 作者列表："Faridvand Y","Haddadi P","Vahedian V","Nozari S","Nejabati HR","Pezeshkian M","Afrasiabi A","Safaie N","Jodati A","Nouri M
:Doxorubicin (DOX) is widely used as an effective chemotherapy agent in cancer treatment. Cardiac toxicity in cancer treatment with DOX demand urgent attention and no effective treatment has been established for DOX-induced cardiomyopathy. It has been well documented that human amniotic membrane proteins (AMPs), extracted from amnion membrane (AM), have antioxidant, anti-apoptotic, and cytoprotective properties. Therefore, in this study, we aimed to investigate the protective effects of AMPs against cardiotoxicity induced by DOX in cultured rat cardiomyocyte cells (H9c2). DOX-induced cell injury was evaluated using multi-parametric assay including thiazolyl blue tetrazolium bromide (MTT), the release of lactic dehydrogenase (LDH), intracellular Ca2+ , reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels, cellular antioxidant status, mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm), malondialdehyde (MDA), and NF-κB p65 DNA-binding activity. Moreover, expression profiling of apoptosis-related genes (P53, Bcl-2, and Bax) and Annexin V by flow cytometry were used for cell apoptosis detection. It was shown that AMPs pretreatment inhibited the cell toxicity induced by DOX. AMPs effectively attenuated the increased levels of LDH, Ca2+ , ROS, and MDA and also simultaneously elevated the ΔΨm and antioxidant status such as superoxide dismutase (SOD) and Catalase (CAT) in pretreated H9c2 cardiomyocytes. Besides, the activity of NF-kB p65 was reduced and the p53 and Bax protein levels were inhibited in these myocardial cells subjected to DOX. These findings provide the first evidence that AMPs potently suppressed DOX-induced toxicity in cardiomyocytes through inhibition of oxidative stress and apoptosis. Thus, AMPs can be a potential therapeutic agent against DOX cardiotoxicity.
: 多柔比星 (DOX) 作为一种有效的化疗药物广泛应用于癌症治疗。DOX 治疗癌症的心脏毒性亟待关注，尚未建立有效的治疗 DOX 诱导的心肌病的方法。从羊膜 (AM) 中提取的人羊膜蛋白 (AMPs) 具有抗氧化、抗凋亡和细胞保护特性，已有较好的文献记载。因此，在本研究中，我们旨在研究 AMPs 对 DOX 诱导的大鼠心肌细胞 (H9c2) 心脏毒性的保护作用。采用噻唑蓝四唑溴铵 (MTT) 、乳酸脱氢酶 (LDH) 、细胞内 Ca2 + 、活性氧 (ROS) 水平、细胞抗氧化状态、线粒体膜电位 (Δ ψ m) 、丙二醛 (MDA) 和 NF-κ b p65 DNA 结合活性。此外，采用流式细胞术检测细胞凋亡相关基因 (P53 、 Bcl-2 和 Bax) 和 Annexin V 的表达谱。结果表明，AMPs 预处理可抑制 DOX 诱导的细胞毒性。AMPs 有效地减弱了 LDH 、 Ca2 + 、 ROS 和 MDA 水平的增加，同时也升高了 Δ ψ m 和抗氧化状态，如超氧化物歧化酶 (SOD) 和过氧化氢酶 (CAT) 在预处理的 H9c2 心肌细胞中。此外，DOX 处理后心肌细胞 NF-kB p65 活性降低，p53 和 Bax 蛋白水平受到抑制。这些发现提供了 AMPs 通过抑制氧化应激和细胞凋亡来有效抑制 DOX 诱导的心肌细胞毒性的第一个证据。因此，AMPs 可作为抗 DOX 心脏毒性的潜在治疗药物。
METHODS:Abstract Background Ischemic cardiomyopathy is a high-cost, resource-intensive public health burden that is associated with a 1-year mortality rate of about 16% in western population. Different in patient ethnicity and pattern of practice may impact the clinical outcome. We aim to determine 1-year mortality and to identify factors that significantly predicts 1-year mortality of Thai patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy. Methods This prospective multicenter registry enrolled consecutive Thai patients that were diagnosed with ischemic cardiomyopathy at 9 institutions located across Thailand. Patients with left ventricular function 75% in the left main or proximal left anterior descending artery or coronary angiography, and/or two major epicardial coronary stenoses; 2) prior myocardial infarction; 3) prior revascularization by coronary artery bypass graft or percutaneous coronary intervention; or, 4) magnetic resonance imaging pattern compatible with ischemic cardiomyopathy. Baseline clinical characteristics, coronary and echocardiographic data were recorded. The 1-year clinical outcome was pre-specified. Results Four hundred and nineteen patients were enrolled. Thirty-nine patients (9.9%) had died at 1 year, with 27 experiencing cardiovascular death, and 12 experiencing non-cardiovascular death. A comparison between patients who were alive and patients who were dead at 1 year revealed lower baseline left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) (26.7 ± 7.6% vs 30.2 ± 7.8%; p = 0.021), higher left ventricular end-diastolic volume (LVEDV) (185.8 ± 73.2 ml vs 155.6 ± 64.2 ml; p = 0.014), shorter mitral valve deceleration time (142.9 ± 57.5 ml vs 182.4 ± 85.7 ml; p = 0.041), and lower use of statins (94.7% vs 99.7%; p = 0.029) among deceased patients. Patients receiving guideline-recommended β-blockers had lower mortality than patients receiving non-guideline-recommended β-blockers (8.1% vs 18.2%; p = 0.05). Conclusions The results of this study revealed a 9.9% 1-year mortality rate among Thai ischemic cardiomyopathy patients. Doppler echocardiographic parameters significantly associated with 1-year mortality were LVEF, LVEDV, mitral E velocity, and mitral valve deceleration time. The use of non-guideline-recommended β-blockers rather than guideline recommended β-blockers were associated with increased with 1-year mortality. Guidelines recommended β-blockers should be preferred. Trial registration Thai Clinical Trials Registry TCTR20190722002. Registered 22 July 2019. “Retrospectively registered”.
METHODS:Abstract Background Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is rare and potentially life-threatening; its etiology remains unclear. Imaging characteristics on cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) and their prognostic significance have rarely been studied. We sought to determine CMR’s prognostic value in PPCM by using T1 and T2 mapping techniques. Methods Data from 21 PPCM patients from our CMR registry database were analyzed. The control group comprised 20 healthy age-matched females. All subjects underwent comprehensive contrast-enhanced CMR. T1 and T2 mapping using modified Look-Locker inversion recovery and T2 prep balanced steady-state free precession sequences, respectively. Ventricular size and function, late gadolinium enhancement (LGE), myocardial T1 value, extracellular volume (ECV), and T2 value were analyzed. Transthoracic echocardiography was performed at baseline and during follow-up. The recovered left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was defined as LVEF ≥50% on echocardiography follow-up after at least 6 months of the diagnosis. Results CMR imaging showed that the PPCM patients had severely impaired LVEF and right ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF: 26.8 ± 10.6%; RVEF: 33.9 ± 14.6%). LGE was seen in eight (38.1%) cases. PPCM patients had significantly higher native T1 and ECV (1345 ± 79 vs. 1212 ± 32 ms, P < 0.001; 33.9 ± 5.2% vs. 27.1 ± 3.1%, P < 0.001; respectively) and higher myocardial T2 value (42.3 ± 3.7 vs. 36.8 ± 2.3 ms, P < 0.001) than did the normal controls. After a median 2.5-year follow-up (range: 8 months-5 years), six patients required readmission for heart failure, two died, and 10 showed left ventricular function recovery. The LVEF-recovered group showed significantly lower ECV (30.7 ± 2.1% vs. 36.8 ± 5.6%, P = 0.005) and T2 (40.6 ± 3.0 vs. 43.9 ± 3.7 ms, P = 0.040) than the unrecovered group. Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed ECV (OR = 0.58 for per 1% increase, P = 0.032) was independently associated with left ventricular recovery in PPCM. Conclusions Compared to normal controls, PPCM patients showed significantly higher native T1, ECV, and T2. Native T1, ECV, and T2 were associated with LVEF recovery in PPCM. Furthermore, ECV could independently predict left ventricular function recovery in PPCM.
METHODS:BACKGROUND:Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and is associated with adverse outcomes in HCM patients. Although the left atrial (LA) diameter has consistently been identified as a strong predictor of AF in HCM patients, the relationship between LA dysfunction and AF still remains unclear. The aim of this study is to evaluate the LA function in patients with non-obstructive HCM (NOHCM) utilizing cardiovascular magnetic resonance feature tracking (CMR-FT).,METHODS:Thirty-three patients with NOHCM and 28 healthy controls were studied. The global and regional LA function and left ventricular (LV) function were compared between the two groups. The following LA global functional parameters were quantitively analyzed: reservoir function (total ejection fraction [LA total EF], total strain [ε], peak positive strain rate [SRs]), conduit function (passive ejection fraction [LA passive EF], passive strain [ε], peak early-negative SR [SRe]), and booster pump function (active ejection fraction [LA active EF], active strain [ε], peak late-negative SR [SRa]). The LA wall was automatically divided into 6 segments: anterior, antero-roof, inferior, septal, septal-roof and lateral. Three LA strain parameters (ε, ε, ε) and their corresponding strain rate parameters (SRs, SRe, SRa) during the reservoir, conduit and booster pump LA phases were segmentally measured and analyzed.,RESULTS:The LA reservoir (LA total EF: 57.6 ± 8.2% vs. 63.9 ± 6.4%, p < 0.01; ε: 35.0 ± 12.0% vs. 41.5 ± 11.2%, p = 0.03; SRs: 1.3 ± 0.4 s vs. 1.5 ± 0.4 s, p = 0.02) and conduit function (LA passive EF: 28.7 ± 9.1% vs. 37.1 ± 10.0%, p < 0.01; ε: 18.7 ± 7.9% vs. 25.9 ± 10.0%, p < 0.01; SRe: - 0.8 ± 0.3 s vs. -1.1 ± 0.4 s, p < 0.01) were all impaired in patients with NOHCM when compared with healthy controls, while LA booster pump function was preserved. The LA segmental strain and strain rate analysis demonstrated that the ε, ε, SRe of inferior, SRs, SRe of septal-roof, and SRa of antero-roof walls (all p < 0.05) were all decreased in the NOHCM cohort. Correlations between LA functional parameters and LV conventional function and LA functional parameters and baseline parameters (age, body surface area and NYHA classification) were weak. The two strongest relations were between ε and LA total EF(r = 0.84, p < 0.01), ε and LA active EF (r = 0.83, p < 0.01).,CONCLUSIONS:Compared with healthy controls, patients with NOHCM have LA reservoir and conduit dysfunction, and regional LA deformation before LA enlargement. CMR-FT identifies LA dysfunction and deformation at an early stage.