Determinants of Quality of Life in Patients With Intestinal Failure Receiving Long-Term Parenteral Nutrition Using the SF-36 Questionnaire: A German Single-Center Prospective Observational Study.
使用 SF-36 问卷对接受长期肠外营养的肠衰竭患者生活质量的决定因素: 一项德国单中心前瞻性观察研究。
- 作者列表："Blüthner E","Bednarsch J","Stockmann M","Karber M","Pevny S","Maasberg S","Gerlach UA","Pascher A","Wiedenmann B","Pratschke J","Pape UF
BACKGROUND:Parenteral nutrition (PN) is a life-sustaining therapy for patients with chronic intestinal failure (IF) but inevitably has an impact on patients' quality of life (QoL). The purpose of this study was to examine multiple aspects of QoL by utilizing the standardized Short Form 36 (SF-36) health survey. METHODS:Between 2014 and 2017, a total of 90 adult patients with IF who were receiving PN were prospectively enrolled in an observational study. All subjects underwent nutrition status assessment, liver assessment, blood tests, and QoL assessment based on the SF-36. Univariate and multivariable analyses were performed to identify determinants of 8 domains and 2 summary scales of the SF-36. RESULTS:Analysis of the SF-36 questionnaire data showed that QoL was significantly worse compared with the general German population across all categories. Multivariable analysis revealed that bioelectrical impedance analysis of phase angle (1/10 categories), stoma/fistula (4/10 categories), oral intake (4/10 categories), infusions per week (1/10 categories), duration of PN (1/10 categories), citrulline (4/10 categories), and hemoglobin levels (1/10 categories) are independent risk factors affecting QoL. CONCLUSION:This study uses the largest cohort of IF patients assessed by the standardized SF-36 questionnaire to comprehensively analyze QoL. Presence of oral intake, presence of ostomy, and citrulline levels were independently correlated with 4 of 10 categories of the SF-36. These results indicate that to improve QoL for IF patients, clinical care should focus on addressing the social and emotional value of oral intake, educational interventions, early stoma closure, and application of new targeted therapies.
背景: 肠外营养 (PN) 是慢性肠衰竭 (IF) 患者的一种维持生命的治疗方法，但不可避免地会影响患者的生活质量 (QoL)。本研究的目的是通过使用标准化简表 36 (SF-36) 健康调查来检查 QoL 的多个方面。 方法: 在 2014-2017 之间，共有 90 例接受 PN 的成人 IF 患者前瞻性纳入观察性研究。所有受试者根据 SF-36 进行营养状况评估、肝脏评估、血液检查和生活质量评估。进行单变量和多变量分析，以确定 SF-36 的 8 个领域和 2 个汇总量表的决定因素。 结果: 对 SF-36 问卷数据的分析显示，与所有类别的一般德国人群相比，QoL 显著更差。多变量分析显示，生物电阻抗分析相位角 (1/10 类) 、造口/瘘管 (4/10 类) 、口服摄入 (4/10 类) 、每周输注 (1/10 类) 、 PN 持续时间 (1/10 类) 、瓜氨酸 (4/10 类) 和血红蛋白水平 (1/10 类) 是影响 QoL 的独立危险因素。 结论: 本研究使用标准化 SF-36 问卷评估的最大 IF 患者队列综合分析 QoL。口服摄入、造口术和瓜氨酸水平的存在与 10 类 SF-36 中的 4 类独立相关。这些结果表明，要提高 IF 患者的 QoL，临床护理应侧重于解决口服摄入的社会和情感价值、教育干预、早期造口闭合和新的靶向治疗的应用。
METHODS:OBJECTIVES:To evaluate the effect of esophageal stimulation on nutritional adequacy in critically ill patients at risk for enteral feeding intolerance. DESIGN:A multicenter randomized sham-controlled clinical trial. SETTING:Twelve ICUs in Canada. PATIENTS:We included mechanically ventilated ICU patients who were given moderate-to-high doses of opioids and expected to remain alive and ventilated for an additional 48 hours and who were receiving enteral nutrition or expected to start imminently. INTERVENTIONS:Patients were randomly assigned 1:1 to esophageal stimulation via an esophageal stimulating catheter (E-Motion Tube; E-Motion Medical, Tel Aviv, Israel) or sham treatment. All patients were fed via these catheters using a standardized feeding protocol. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS:The co-primary outcomes were proportion of caloric and protein prescription received enterally over the initial 7 days following randomization. Among 159 patients randomized, the modified intention-to-treat analysis included 155 patients: 73 patients in the active treatment group and 82 in the sham treatment group. Over the 7-day study period, the percent of prescribed caloric intake (± SE) received by the enteral route was 64% ± 2 in the active group and 65% ± 2 in sham patients for calories (difference, -1; 95% CI, -8 to 6; p = 0.74). For protein, it was 57% ± 3 in the active group and 60% ± 3 in the sham group (difference, -3; 95% CI, -10 to 3; p = 0.30). Compared to the sham group, there were more serious adverse events reported in the active treatment group (13 vs 6; p = 0.053). Clinically important arrhythmias were detected by Holter monitoring in 36 out of 70 (51%) in the active group versus 22 out of 76 (29%) in the sham group (p = 0.006). CONCLUSIONS:Esophageal stimulation via a special feeding catheter did not improve nutritional adequacy and was associated with increase risk of harm in critically ill patients.
METHODS:RATIONALE:The long-term effects of delivering approximately 100% of recommended calorie intake via the enteral route during critical illness compared to a lesser amount of calories are unknown. OBJECTIVES:Our hypotheses were that achieving approximately 100% of recommended calorie intake during critical illness would increase quality of life scores, return to work and key life activities and reduce death and disability six months later. METHODS:We conducted a multicenter, blinded, parallel group, randomized clinical trial, with 3957 mechanically ventilated critically ill adults allocated to energy-dense (1.5 kcal/ml) or routine (1.0 kcal/ml) enteral nutrition. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS:Participants assigned energy-dense nutrition received more calories (% recommended energy intake, mean (SD) (energy-dense: 103% (28) vs. usual: 69% (18)). Mortality at day-180 was similar (560/1895 (29.6%) vs. 539/1920 (28.1%); relative risk 1.05 (95%CI, 0.95 to 1.16)). At a median [IQR] of 185 [182, 193] days after randomization, 2492 survivors were surveyed and reported similar quality of life (EuroQol five dimensions five-level quality of life questionnaire visual analogue scale, median [IQR]: 75 [60-85]; group difference: 0 (95%CI, 0 to 0)). Similar numbers of participants returned to work with no difference in hours worked or effectiveness at work (n=818). There was no observed difference in disability (n=1208) or participation in key life activities (n=705). CONCLUSIONS:The delivery of approximately 100% compared to 70% of recommended calorie intake during critical illness does not improve quality of life, or functional outcomes, or increase the number of survivors six months later. Clinical trial registration available at www.clinicaltrials.gov, ID: NCT02306746.
METHODS:BACKGROUND:Provision of enteral nutrition with jejunal feeding in upper gastrointestinal obstruction is highly recommended. Access to jejunum can be obtained surgically, percutaneously, or endoscopically. Our institution routinely and preferentially utilizes a silicone nasojejunal tube that is inserted past the obstruction endoscopically. We use a custom dual channel tube that allows feeding at the distal tip and another channel 40 cm from the tip that enables decompression proximally. This is a report of our experience with this custom nasojejunal tube. METHODS:This is a prospective observational study of 201 patients who underwent endoscopic nasojejunal wire-guided feeding tube insertions for obstruction of either the esophagus or the stomach including both benign and malignant pathologies between January 2015 to June 2018 in Hospital Sungai Buloh and Hospital Sultanah Aminah, Malaysia. The indications for tube insertion, insertion technique, and tube-related problems were described. RESULTS:The nasojejunal tube was used to establish enteral feeding in patients with obstructing tumors of the distal esophagus in 65 patients (32.3%) and gastric outlet obstruction in 72 patients (35.8%). There were 54 patients (26.9%) who required reinsertion. The most common reason for reinsertion was unintentional dislodgement, where 32 patients (15.9%) followed by tube blockage 20 patients (10.0%). Using our method of advancement under direct vision, we had only 2 cases of malposition due to severely deformed anatomy. We had no incidence of aspiration in this group of patients and overall, the patients tolerated the tube well. CONCLUSIONS:The novel nasojejunal feeding tube with gastric decompression function is a safe and effective method of delivery of enteral nutrition in patients with upper gastrointestinal obstruction. These tubes if inserted properly are well tolerated with almost no risk of malposition and are tolerated well even for prolonged periods of time until definitive surgery could be performed.