Tissue Characterization by Mapping and Strain Cardiac MRI to Evaluate Myocardial Inflammation in Fulminant Myocarditis.
通过标测和应变心脏 MRI 进行组织表征，评价暴发性心肌炎的心肌炎症。
- 作者列表："Li H","Zhu H","Yang Z","Tang D","Huang L","Xia L
BACKGROUND:The clinical value of novel mapping techniques and strain measures to assess myocardial inflammation in fulminant myocarditis (FM) has not been fully explored. PURPOSE:To evaluate the ability of mapping and strain cardiac MRI to assess myocardial inflammation in patients with FM, and to which degree the strain metrics correlate with myocardial edema. STUDY TYPE:Prospective. POPULATION:Twenty-nine patients (37 ± 16 years, 48% male) with FM and 29 patients with nonfulminant acute myocarditis (NFAM) (29 ± 14 years, 69% male). FIELD STRENGTH/SEQUENCE:3.0T; Cine imaging, black blood T2 -weighted imaging, T1 mapping, T2 mapping, and late gadolinium enhancement. ASSESSMENT:Native T1 , extracellular volume (ECV), and T2 were measured. Myocardial strain was evaluated by feature tracking. STATISTICAL TESTS:Student's t- or Mann-Whitney U-test. Spearman correlation analysis. RESULTS:The myocardial edema rate (2.6 ± 0.7 vs. 1.6 ± 0.2, P < 0.001) and late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) mass (16.5 [11.7, 41.7] vs. 6.9 [2.2, 15.8] g, P < 0.001) were significantly increased in FM patients when compared to the NFAM group. LGE in the FM group was predominantly located in the septal wall, and 38% of the patients showed a diffuse LGE pattern. Native T1 , ECV, and T2 values in the FM group were significantly more elevated than those with NFAM, while global peak radial, circumferential, and longitudinal strain values were significantly reduced (all P < 0.001). Circumferential strain showed the strongest correlations with ECV (r = 0.72, P < 0.001). DATA CONCLUSION:Patients with FM showed significant differences in LGE patterns, increased edema, and decreased strain measurements compared to those with NFAM. Circumferential strain showed significant associations with quantitative cardiac MRI parameters of myocardial inflammation. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:2 TECHNICAL EFFICACY STAGE: 2.
背景: 新型标测技术和应变测量评估暴发性心肌炎 (FM) 心肌炎症的临床价值尚未得到充分探讨。 目的: 评价标测和应变心脏 MRI 评估 FM 患者心肌炎症的能力，以及应变指标与心肌水肿的相关性。 研究类型: 前瞻性。 人群: 29 例 FM 患者 (37 ± 16 岁，48% 为男性) 和 29 例非暴发性急性心肌炎 (NFAM) 患者 (29 ± 14 岁, 69% 男性)。 场强/序列: 3.0 T; 电影成像、黑血 T2 加权成像、 T1 mapping 、 T2 mapping 和钆增强晚期。 评估: 测量天然 T1 、细胞外体积 (ECV) 和 T2。通过特征跟踪评价心肌应变。 统计测验: Student's t-or Mann-Whitney U-test。Spearman 相关分析。 结果: 心肌水肿率 (2.6 ± 0.7 vs.1.6 ± 0.2，p
METHODS:Abstract Background Ischemic cardiomyopathy is a high-cost, resource-intensive public health burden that is associated with a 1-year mortality rate of about 16% in western population. Different in patient ethnicity and pattern of practice may impact the clinical outcome. We aim to determine 1-year mortality and to identify factors that significantly predicts 1-year mortality of Thai patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy. Methods This prospective multicenter registry enrolled consecutive Thai patients that were diagnosed with ischemic cardiomyopathy at 9 institutions located across Thailand. Patients with left ventricular function 75% in the left main or proximal left anterior descending artery or coronary angiography, and/or two major epicardial coronary stenoses; 2) prior myocardial infarction; 3) prior revascularization by coronary artery bypass graft or percutaneous coronary intervention; or, 4) magnetic resonance imaging pattern compatible with ischemic cardiomyopathy. Baseline clinical characteristics, coronary and echocardiographic data were recorded. The 1-year clinical outcome was pre-specified. Results Four hundred and nineteen patients were enrolled. Thirty-nine patients (9.9%) had died at 1 year, with 27 experiencing cardiovascular death, and 12 experiencing non-cardiovascular death. A comparison between patients who were alive and patients who were dead at 1 year revealed lower baseline left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) (26.7 ± 7.6% vs 30.2 ± 7.8%; p = 0.021), higher left ventricular end-diastolic volume (LVEDV) (185.8 ± 73.2 ml vs 155.6 ± 64.2 ml; p = 0.014), shorter mitral valve deceleration time (142.9 ± 57.5 ml vs 182.4 ± 85.7 ml; p = 0.041), and lower use of statins (94.7% vs 99.7%; p = 0.029) among deceased patients. Patients receiving guideline-recommended β-blockers had lower mortality than patients receiving non-guideline-recommended β-blockers (8.1% vs 18.2%; p = 0.05). Conclusions The results of this study revealed a 9.9% 1-year mortality rate among Thai ischemic cardiomyopathy patients. Doppler echocardiographic parameters significantly associated with 1-year mortality were LVEF, LVEDV, mitral E velocity, and mitral valve deceleration time. The use of non-guideline-recommended β-blockers rather than guideline recommended β-blockers were associated with increased with 1-year mortality. Guidelines recommended β-blockers should be preferred. Trial registration Thai Clinical Trials Registry TCTR20190722002. Registered 22 July 2019. “Retrospectively registered”.
METHODS:Abstract Background Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is rare and potentially life-threatening; its etiology remains unclear. Imaging characteristics on cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) and their prognostic significance have rarely been studied. We sought to determine CMR’s prognostic value in PPCM by using T1 and T2 mapping techniques. Methods Data from 21 PPCM patients from our CMR registry database were analyzed. The control group comprised 20 healthy age-matched females. All subjects underwent comprehensive contrast-enhanced CMR. T1 and T2 mapping using modified Look-Locker inversion recovery and T2 prep balanced steady-state free precession sequences, respectively. Ventricular size and function, late gadolinium enhancement (LGE), myocardial T1 value, extracellular volume (ECV), and T2 value were analyzed. Transthoracic echocardiography was performed at baseline and during follow-up. The recovered left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was defined as LVEF ≥50% on echocardiography follow-up after at least 6 months of the diagnosis. Results CMR imaging showed that the PPCM patients had severely impaired LVEF and right ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF: 26.8 ± 10.6%; RVEF: 33.9 ± 14.6%). LGE was seen in eight (38.1%) cases. PPCM patients had significantly higher native T1 and ECV (1345 ± 79 vs. 1212 ± 32 ms, P < 0.001; 33.9 ± 5.2% vs. 27.1 ± 3.1%, P < 0.001; respectively) and higher myocardial T2 value (42.3 ± 3.7 vs. 36.8 ± 2.3 ms, P < 0.001) than did the normal controls. After a median 2.5-year follow-up (range: 8 months-5 years), six patients required readmission for heart failure, two died, and 10 showed left ventricular function recovery. The LVEF-recovered group showed significantly lower ECV (30.7 ± 2.1% vs. 36.8 ± 5.6%, P = 0.005) and T2 (40.6 ± 3.0 vs. 43.9 ± 3.7 ms, P = 0.040) than the unrecovered group. Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed ECV (OR = 0.58 for per 1% increase, P = 0.032) was independently associated with left ventricular recovery in PPCM. Conclusions Compared to normal controls, PPCM patients showed significantly higher native T1, ECV, and T2. Native T1, ECV, and T2 were associated with LVEF recovery in PPCM. Furthermore, ECV could independently predict left ventricular function recovery in PPCM.
METHODS:BACKGROUND:Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and is associated with adverse outcomes in HCM patients. Although the left atrial (LA) diameter has consistently been identified as a strong predictor of AF in HCM patients, the relationship between LA dysfunction and AF still remains unclear. The aim of this study is to evaluate the LA function in patients with non-obstructive HCM (NOHCM) utilizing cardiovascular magnetic resonance feature tracking (CMR-FT).,METHODS:Thirty-three patients with NOHCM and 28 healthy controls were studied. The global and regional LA function and left ventricular (LV) function were compared between the two groups. The following LA global functional parameters were quantitively analyzed: reservoir function (total ejection fraction [LA total EF], total strain [ε], peak positive strain rate [SRs]), conduit function (passive ejection fraction [LA passive EF], passive strain [ε], peak early-negative SR [SRe]), and booster pump function (active ejection fraction [LA active EF], active strain [ε], peak late-negative SR [SRa]). The LA wall was automatically divided into 6 segments: anterior, antero-roof, inferior, septal, septal-roof and lateral. Three LA strain parameters (ε, ε, ε) and their corresponding strain rate parameters (SRs, SRe, SRa) during the reservoir, conduit and booster pump LA phases were segmentally measured and analyzed.,RESULTS:The LA reservoir (LA total EF: 57.6 ± 8.2% vs. 63.9 ± 6.4%, p < 0.01; ε: 35.0 ± 12.0% vs. 41.5 ± 11.2%, p = 0.03; SRs: 1.3 ± 0.4 s vs. 1.5 ± 0.4 s, p = 0.02) and conduit function (LA passive EF: 28.7 ± 9.1% vs. 37.1 ± 10.0%, p < 0.01; ε: 18.7 ± 7.9% vs. 25.9 ± 10.0%, p < 0.01; SRe: - 0.8 ± 0.3 s vs. -1.1 ± 0.4 s, p < 0.01) were all impaired in patients with NOHCM when compared with healthy controls, while LA booster pump function was preserved. The LA segmental strain and strain rate analysis demonstrated that the ε, ε, SRe of inferior, SRs, SRe of septal-roof, and SRa of antero-roof walls (all p < 0.05) were all decreased in the NOHCM cohort. Correlations between LA functional parameters and LV conventional function and LA functional parameters and baseline parameters (age, body surface area and NYHA classification) were weak. The two strongest relations were between ε and LA total EF(r = 0.84, p < 0.01), ε and LA active EF (r = 0.83, p < 0.01).,CONCLUSIONS:Compared with healthy controls, patients with NOHCM have LA reservoir and conduit dysfunction, and regional LA deformation before LA enlargement. CMR-FT identifies LA dysfunction and deformation at an early stage.