The TPO mutation screening and genotype-phenotype analysis in 230 Chinese patients with congenital hypothyroidism.
230 例中国先天性甲状腺功能减退症患者 TPO 突变筛查及基因型-表型分析。
- 作者列表："Zhang RJ","Sun F","Chen F","Fang Y","Yan CY","Zhang CR","Ying YX","Wang Z","Zhang CX","Wu FY","Han B","Liang J","Zhao SX","Song HD
:Inborn defects in thyroid hormone biosynthesis contribute to nearly half of congenital hypothyroidism (CH) cases in China. The thyroid peroxidase (TPO) mutation is one of the most frequent mutations that results in thyroid dyshormonogenesis. In this study, 35 non-synonymous mutations in 15 TPO sites, including 6 novel mutations, were identified in 230 Chinese patients with CH. The enzyme activity of the mutations in TPO was investigated in vitro, and patients with less than 15% residual enzyme activity showed severe CH, such as markedly increased thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) at diagnosis (>100 μIU/mL) and pronounced goiter, and required a higher dose of L-thyroxine to maintain the euthyroid. However, CH patients with greater than 16% TPO activity showed mild CH, a typical childhood socially without L-thyroxine treatment before 3 years of age, and the appearance of a macroscopic goiter at childhood. The findings indicated that the residual enzymatic activity of TPO was correlated with clinical phenotypes of CH patients with TPO biallelic mutations.
: 先天性甲状腺激素生物合成缺陷导致中国近一半的先天性甲状腺功能减退症 (CH) 病例。甲状腺过氧化物酶 (TPO) 突变是导致甲状腺功能不全发生最常见的突变之一。本研究在 230 例中国 CH 患者中发现 15 个 TPO 位点 35 个非同义突变，包括 6 个新突变。TPO 突变的酶活性在体外进行了研究，残留酶活性低于 15% 的患者表现出严重的 CH，如促甲状腺激素 (TSH) 显著升高诊断时 (> 100 μ iu/mL) 和明显的甲状腺肿，需要较高剂量的 L-甲状腺素来维持甲状腺功能正常。然而，TPO 活性大于 16% 的 CH 患者表现为轻度 CH，3 岁前无 L-甲状腺素治疗的典型儿童期社交，儿童期出现肉眼甲状腺肿。结果表明，TPO 的残余酶活性与 TPO 双等位基因突变的 CH 患者的临床表型相关。
METHODS:OBJECTIVES:To assess the prevalence of Hashimoto thyroiditis (HT) in primary thyroid lymphoma (PTL) and whether it differs between mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). METHODS:Electronic databases were searched for studies assessing HT prevalence in PTL, based on antithyroid antibodies, clinical history, or pathology. Pooled prevalence of HT and its association with histotype (MALT or DLBCL) were calculated. RESULTS:Thirty-eight studies with 1,346 PTLs were included. Pooled prevalence results were 78.9% (any HT evidence), 65.3% (antithyroid antibodies), 41.7% (clinical history), and 64% (pathology). HT prevalence was significantly higher in MALT lymphoma than in DLBCL (P = .007) and in mixed DLBCL/MALT than in pure DLBCL (P = .002). CONCLUSIONS:Overall, 78.9% of patients with PTL have any HT evidence, but only half of these had been clinically followed. The difference in HT prevalence suggests that a subset of DLBCL may not derive from MALT lymphoma.
METHODS:Background Whether chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis (CLT) influences the risk of development and the progression of papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) remains uncertain. We investigated the effects of CLT on the clinicopathologic features and prognosis of PTC. Methods Two thousand nine hundred twenty-eight consecutive patients with PTC treated between 2009 and 2017 were divided into two groups: one with chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis and one without; 1174 (40%) of the patients had coincident CLT. Results In univariate analysis, CLT correlated positively with small tumor size, frequent extrathyroidal extension, multifocal diseases, and p53 but negatively with central lymph node (LN) metastasis and BRAF mutation. In multivariate analysis, CLT was associated with extrathyroidal extension and multifocal disease; however, it was not a prognostic factor for recurrence even though it was associated with two aggressive factors. Compared with patients with PTC alone, there were more retrieved central LNs in the PTC + CLT group, and these patients also underwent more invasive diagnostic tests such as fine needle aspiration cytology and frozen biopsy of LN. Conclusions The CLT patients with PTC had better behavior features and prognoses than did those with PTC alone despite frequent multifocality and extrathyroidal extension. However, precaution may be necessary to avoid performing invasive diagnostic procedures for lateral LN metastasis and to manage the patients appropriately.
METHODS::PTPN2 is one of the members of the protein Tyrosine Phosphatases (PTPs) family. To explore the promotive effect of upregulated PTPN2 induced by inflammatory response or oxidative stress on the progression of thyroid cancer. PTPN2 level in thyroid cancer tissues and cell lines was detected. Kaplan-Meier method was applied for evaluating the prognostic value of PTPN2 in thyroid cancer patients. After stimulation of inflammatory response (treatment of IFN-γ and TNF-α), or oxidative stress (treatment of H2O2), protein level of PTPN2 in K1 cells was measured by Western blot. Regulatory effects of PTPN2 on EdU-positive staining and Ki-67 positive cell ratio in K1 cells either with H2O2 stimulation or not were determined. PTPN2 was upregulated in thyroid cancer tissues and cell lines. Its level was higher in metastatic thyroid cancer patients than those of non-metastatic ones. High level of PTPN2 predicted worse prognosis of thyroid cancer. Treatment of either IFN-γ or TNF-α upregulated protein level of PTPN2 in K1 cells. Meanwhile, H2O2 stimulation upregulated PTPN2, which was reversed by NAC administration. With the stimulation of increased doses of H2O2, EdU-positive staining and Ki-67 positive cell ratio were dose-dependently elevated. Silence of PTPN2 attenuated proliferative ability and Ki-67 expression in K1 cells either with H2O2 stimulation or not. Inflammatory response or oxidative stress induces upregulation of PTPN2, thus promoting the progression of thyroid cancer.