- 作者列表："Liu L","Sun XY","Lu Y","Song JK","Xing M","Chen X","Luo Y","Ru Y","Chen ST","Li HJ","Li B","Li X
: Background: Fire needle therapy is a method of quickly piercing into acupoints with red-hot needles to treat diseases. Recently, multiple studies have reported that fire needle therapy is effective in the treatment of psoriasis; however, there are few articles systematically evaluating the effect of this therapy. Therefore, this systematic and meta-analysis study is conducted to estimate the efficacy and safety of fire needle therapy for psoriasis. Methods: PubMed, Embase, CNKI, VIP, CBM, CENTRAL, and Wan Fang databases were systematically searched from the dates of construction of these databases to August 24, 2019, and randomized controlled trials assessing patients with psoriasis who were treated with fire needle therapy alone or in combination with other drugs were also evaluated. Results: Fire needle therapy was effective in treating psoriasis (p = 0.0002; risk ratio [RR], 1.20; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.09-1.33) with a lower recurrence rate (p = 0.005; RR, 0.48; 95% CI, 0.29-0.80). Adverse events after fire needle treatment were similar to those without fire needle treatment (p = 0.38; RR, 0.67; 95% CI, 0.28-1.63). After fire needle treatment, the number of cluster of differentiation (CD)8+T cells, type 1 helper cells, interleukin (IL)-2, and interferon (IFN)-γ decreased, whereas the number of CD4+T cells, type 2 helper cells, IL-4, IL-10, and the proportion of CD4+T cells and CD8+T cells increased. Conclusions: Fire needle therapy, specifically in combination with oral medicines, is effective in treating patients with psoriasis with low recurrence rates.
: 背景: 火针疗法是用炽热的针快速刺入穴位治疗疾病的方法。最近，多项研究报道火针疗法对银屑病的治疗有效; 然而，很少有文章系统地评价这种疗法的效果。因此，本系统荟萃分析研究旨在评估火针治疗银屑病的疗效和安全性。 方法: 系统检索PubMed、Embase、CNKI、VIP、CBM、CENTRAL、Wan Fang数据库从这些数据库的建库日期至2019年8月24日，并对评估单独使用火针疗法或与其他药物联合治疗的银屑病患者的随机对照试验进行评价。 结果: 火针疗法治疗银屑病有效 (p = 0.0002; 风险比 [RR]，1.20; 95% 可信区间 [CI]，1.09-1.33)，复发率较低 (p = 0.005; RR，0.48; 95% CI，0.29-0.80)。火针治疗后的不良事件与未使用火针治疗的不良事件相似 (p = 0.38; RR，0.67; 95% CI，0.28-1.63)。火针治疗后，分化簇 (CD)8 + T细胞、1型辅助细胞、白细胞介素 (IL)-2、干扰素 (IFN)-γ 数量减少，而CD4 + T细胞、2型辅助细胞、IL-4、IL-10、且CD4 + T细胞和CD8 + T细胞比例增高。 结论: 火针疗法，特别是与口服药物相结合，可有效治疗复发率低的银屑病患者。
METHODS::The ATP binding-cassette superfamily corresponds the mostly transmembrane transporters family found in humans. These proteins actively transport endogenous and exogenous substrates through biological membranes in body tissues, so they have an important role in the regulation of many physiological functions necessary for human homeostasis, as well as in response regulation to several pharmacological substrates. The development of multidrug resistance has become one of the main troubles in conventional chemotherapy in different illnesses including cancer, being the increased efflux of antineoplastic drugs the main reason for this multidrug resistance, with a key role of the ABC superfamily. Likely, the interindividual variability in the pharmacological response among patients is well known, and may be due to intrinsically factors of the disease, genetic and environmental ones. Thus, the understanding of this variability, especially the genetic variability associated with the efficacy and toxicity of drugs, can provide a safer and more effective pharmacological treatment, so ABC genes are considered as important regulators due to their relationship with the reduction in pharmacological response. In this review, updated information about transporters belonging to this superfamily was collected, the possible role of these transporters in cancer, the role of genetic variability in their genes, as well as some therapeutic tools that have been tried to raise against main transporters associated with chemoresistance in cancer.
METHODS:BACKGROUND:Cholinergic neurotransmission regulates neuroinflammation in Parkinson disease (PD). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS:The authors conducted a delayed-start study of donepezil for cognitive decline in non-demented PD patients. The study consisted of a 96-week randomized placebo-controlled double-blind phase 1, followed by a 24-week donepezil extension phase 2. The primary outcome measure was a change in the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) at week 120. RESULTS:A total of 98 patients were randomly allocated to the early-start (donepezil-to-donepezil) and delayed-start (placebo-to-donepezil) groups. Mean (SD) of the baseline MMSE was 27.6 (2.0) and 28.0 (2.1), respectively. MMSE change at week 120 was better in the early-start group than in the delayed-start group, but the difference was not significant. The MMSE declined in apolipoprotein ε4 carriers, but not in non-carriers, and the factor interaction (intervention × ε4 genotype) was highly significant (P < 0.001). Analyzed with the interaction, the difference was significant (group difference 1.95 [0.33 to 3.57], P = 0.018). The MMSE decline slope in phase 1 was significantly better in the early-start group than in the delayed-start group (P = 0.048). CONCLUSIONS:Cognitive function deteriorated in ε4 carriers, but not in non-carriers, and early-start donepezil may postpone cognitive decline in the former.
METHODS::Since the discovery of dental pulp stem cells, a lot of teams have expressed an interest in dental pulp regeneration. Many approaches, experimental models and biological explorations have been developed, each including the use of stem cells and scaffolds with the final goal being clinical application in humans. In this review, the authors' objective was to compare the experimental models and strategies used for the development of biomaterials for tissue engineering of dental pulp with stem cells. Electronic queries were conducted on PubMed using the following terms: pulp regeneration, scaffold, stem cells, tissue engineering and biomaterial. The extracted data included the following information: the strategy envisaged, the type of stem cells, the experimental models, the exploration or analysis methods, the cytotoxicity or viability or proliferation cellular tests, the tests of scaffold antibacterial properties and take into account the vascularization of the regenerated dental pulp. From the 71 selected articles, 59% focused on the "cell-transplantation" strategy, 82% used in vitro experimentation, 58% in vivo animal models and only one described an in vivo in situ human clinical study. 87% used dental pulp stem cells. A majority of the studies reported histology (75%) and immunohistochemistry explorations (66%). 73% mentioned the use of cytotoxicity, proliferation or viability tests. 48% took vascularization into account but only 6% studied the antibacterial properties of the scaffolds. This article gives an overview of the methods used to regenerate dental pulp from stem cells and should help researchers create the best development strategies for research in this field.