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Blueberry Consumption and Exercise: Gap Analysis Using Evidence Mapping.

蓝莓消费和运动: 使用证据映射的差距分析。

  • 影响因子:1.75
  • DOI:10.1089/acm.2020.0236
  • 作者列表:"Avendano EE","Raman G
  • 发表时间:2021-01-01
Abstract

: Objective: Strenuous muscular workouts can increase markers of inflammation that can potentially damage components of skeletal muscles. Blueberries contain a variety of nutrients and phytochemicals that have individually been related to reduction in oxidative stress and inflammation. The objective was to conduct a systematic overview using evidence mapping to identify research-dense and evidence gap areas that examine the impact of blueberry consumption on exercise performance and inflammatory markers in adults. Design: The authors searched Medline, Cochrane Central, and Commonwealth Agricultural Bureau for literature published between 1946 and September 2019. Abstracts and full-text publications were screened in duplicate for studies that evaluated outcomes related to metabolism, lipoprotein, muscle damage, markers of oxidative stress, inflammatory markers, or gait after participants consumed blueberries and were subjected to some form of exercise. Results: The authors found nine randomized controlled trials, one single-arm study, and one observational study that met the eligibility criteria. Inflammatory markers, F2-isoprostanes, and gait speed were the most frequently reported outcomes, with each one reported by at least three studies. Outcomes related to metabolism, lipoproteins, muscle damage, and most markers of oxidative stress and most gait-related outcomes were each reported by one study. Intervention trials were generally conducted with a small number of participants and the majority included mostly younger individuals. Using multivariate analysis, the sole observational study examined physical ability among participants who consumed higher doses of blueberries compared with participants who consumed a half cup of blueberries less than once a month. Conclusions: Evidence mapping found that further research in both randomized controlled trials and cohort studies examining the impact of blueberry consumption on exercise performance and inflammatory markers is needed to establish an association.

摘要

: 目的: 剧烈的肌肉锻炼可以增加可能损害骨骼肌成分的炎症标志物。蓝莓含有多种营养素和植物化学物质,这些营养素和植物化学物质与氧化应激和炎症的减少有关。目的是使用证据映射进行系统概述,以确定研究密集和证据空白区域,检查蓝莓消费对成人运动表现和炎症标志物的影响。 设计: 作者检索了Medline、Cochrane Central和英联邦农业局在1946年至2019年9月期间发表的文献。摘要和全文出版物以一式两份的形式筛选了评估参与者食用蓝莓并进行某种形式的运动后与代谢、脂蛋白、肌肉损伤、氧化应激标志物、炎症标志物或步态相关的研究。 结果: 作者发现了九个随机对照试验,一个单臂研究,和一个观察性研究符合资格标准。炎症标志物、F2-isoprostanes和步态速度是最常报告的结局,至少有3项研究报告了每一项.一项研究报告了与代谢、脂蛋白、肌肉损伤、大多数氧化应激标志物和大多数步态相关结局相关的结局。干预试验一般在少数参与者中进行,大多数包括较年轻的个体。使用多变量分析,唯一的观察性研究检查了与每月少于一次食用半杯蓝莓的参与者相比,食用较高剂量蓝莓的参与者的身体能力。 结论: 证据映射发现,需要在随机对照试验和队列研究中进一步研究蓝莓消费对运动表现和炎症标志物的影响,以建立关联。

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