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Physicochemical Investigations of Homeopathic Preparations: A Systematic Review and Bibliometric Analysis-Part 3.

顺势疗法制剂的理化研究: 系统综述和文献计量分析-第3部分。

  • 影响因子:1.75
  • DOI:10.1089/acm.2020.0243
  • 作者列表:"Tournier A","Würtenberger S","Klein SD","Baumgartner S
  • 发表时间:2021-01-01
Abstract

: Objectives: In parts I and II of our review of physicochemical research performed on homeopathic preparations, we identified relevant publications and analyzed the data in terms of individual experiments, looking for the most promising techniques that were used in the past. In this third part, we analyze the results of the experiments seeking to extract information about the possible modes of action underpinning homeopathic preparations. Methods: We summarized the results from the 11 experimental areas previously introduced, extracting the general findings and trends. We also summarized the results in terms of specific research topics: aging, medium used for potentization, sample volume, temperature, material of potentization vessel, and, finally, the use of molecules to probe homeopathic samples. Results: We identified a number of effects that appear consistently throughout the data: Differences to controls seem to increase with: time, moderate temperature, small samples volume, and in ionic medium, whereas high temperatures seem to abolish differences to controls. Based on the present analysis, there is no consistent evidence to date for the nanoparticle hypothesis to explain specific homeopathic treatment effects. However, the quantum coherence domain hypothesis, the dynamic water cluster hypothesis, and the weak quantum theory are still contenders and need to be further assessed experimentally. Conclusions: The field requires further targeted experimentation to validate past findings reporting differences between homeopathic dilutions and controls, and to expand these findings by specifically testing the three main working hypotheses that are currently at hand.

摘要

: 目标: 在我们对顺势疗法制剂进行的物理化学研究的综述的第一部分和第二部分中,我们确定了相关出版物,并分析了个别实验的数据,寻找过去使用的最有前途的技术。在第三部分中,我们分析了试图提取有关支持顺势疗法制剂的可能作用模式的信息的实验结果。 方法: 我们总结了之前介绍的11个实验区的结果,提取了总体发现和趋势。我们还总结了具体研究主题方面的结果: 老化,用于增强的介质,样品体积,温度,增强血管的材料,最后,使用分子来探测顺势疗法样品。 结果: 我们发现了许多在整个数据中一致出现的影响: 与对照的差异似乎随着时间、中等温度、小样品体积和离子介质的增加而增加,而高温似乎消除了与对照的差异。基于目前的分析,迄今为止,纳米颗粒假说没有一致的证据来解释特定的顺势疗法治疗效果。然而,量子相干域假说、动态水团簇假说和弱量子理论仍然是竞争者,需要在实验上进一步评估。 结论: 该领域需要进一步有针对性的实验来验证过去报告顺势疗法稀释和对照之间差异的发现,并通过具体测试目前手头的三个主要工作假设来扩展这些发现。

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