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Pain Control with Lavender Oil in Premature Infants: A Double-Blind Randomized Controlled Study.

薰衣草油控制早产儿疼痛: 一项双盲随机对照研究。

  • 影响因子:0
  • DOI:10.1089/acm.2020.0327
  • 作者列表:"Usta C","Tanyeri-Bayraktar B","Bayraktar S
  • 发表时间:2021-02-01
Abstract

: Objectives: Aromatherapy has become popular in pain control in recent years compared with other complementary methods. Lavender (Lavandula angustifolia Miller) is a fragrant essential oil used in aromatherapy for its antibacterial, antifungal, muscle-relaxing, and analgesic effects. The smell of lavender oil, known for its soothing effect on adults, has not been adequately investigated in regards to pain control in premature infants. The purpose of our study was to assign the effect of the scent of lavender oil on pain in preterm infants during heel lancing. Design: A double-blind randomized controlled clinical study. Settings/Location: The study was conducted in a third-level neonatal intensive care unit of Bezmialem Vakif University Hospital from March 2019 to November 2019. It consisted of two groups. Subjects: Sixty-one premature babies (24-37 weeks of gestation) were enrolled in the study. Interventions: Heel stick sampling for metabolic screening was used for both study groups. The interventions were performed by two experienced nurses. Heart rate, oxygen saturation, and the baby's facial expression were recorded by a camera 3 min before the intervention, during the sampling, and 3 min after the procedure. After collecting the data, the head researcher and the assistant researcher separately watched the videos and scored them by using the Premature Infant Pain Profile-Revised (PIPP-R). Outcome measures: The difference of pain scores (PIIP-R) between two groups. Results: There was a statistically significant difference between the two groups in terms of PIPP-R scores during and after the sampling (p = 0.008 and p = 0.03 respectively). The PIPP-R scores at the beginning of the procedure were not found to be significantly different between the groups (p > 0.05). Conclusions: Inhalation of lavender scent is effective in pain control in premature infants. It is safe and low cost; it does not interfere with medical care.

摘要

: 目标: 与其他补充方法相比,芳香疗法近年来在疼痛控制方面变得流行。薰衣草 (Lavandula angustifolia Miller) 是一种芳香精油,用于芳香疗法,具有抗菌,抗真菌,肌肉放松和镇痛作用。薰衣草油的气味,以其对成人的舒缓作用而闻名,尚未充分研究早产儿的疼痛控制。我们研究的目的是确定薰衣草油气味对早产儿足跟穿刺疼痛的影响。 设计: 双盲随机对照临床研究。 设置/位置: 该研究于2019年3月至2019年11月在Bezmialem Vakif大学医院的三级新生儿重症监护室进行。它由两组组成。 主题: 61名早产儿 (妊娠24-37周) 被纳入研究。 干预措施: 对于两个研究组,使用用于代谢筛查的脚跟棒取样。干预由两名经验丰富的护士进行。在干预前3  min、取样期间和手术后3  min,通过照相机记录心率、氧饱和度和婴儿的面部表情。在收集数据后,首席研究员和助理研究员分别观看了视频,并使用早产儿疼痛档案-修订版 (PIPP-R) 进行评分。 结果测量: 两组疼痛评分 (piip-r) 的差异。 结果: 两组在取样期间和取样后的pipp-r评分差异有统计学意义 (分别为p   =   0.008和p   =   0.03)。在手术开始时的pipp-r评分未发现两组之间有显著差异 (p> 0.05)。 结论: 吸入薰衣草气味可有效控制早产儿的疼痛。它是安全和低成本的; 它不干扰医疗保健。

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DOI:10.1007/s11033-021-06299-9
作者列表:["Louvrier A","Terranova L","Meyer C","Meyer F","Euvrard E","Kroemer M","Rolin G"]

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