Analysis of expression of ILC2 cells in nasal mucosa based on animal model of allergic bacterial infection rhinitis.


  • 影响因子:2.09
  • DOI:10.1016/j.jiph.2019.09.010
  • 作者列表:"Liu Z","Yang X","Liu X","Mu Y","Wang L","Song X","Zhang H
  • 发表时间:2021-01-01

:The objective of this study is to analyze the expression of ILC2 cells (type 2 innate lymphoid cells) in nasal mucosa based on animal model of allergic bacterial infection rhinitis. 45 female BALB/c mice were selected as research subject. They were randomly divided into control group (group A), sensitization group (group B) and inhibitor group (group C) to establish a mouse model of allergic rhinitis. The pathological changes of mouse nasal mucosa were observed by HE (hematoxylin-eosin) staining. The number of ILC2 cells in mouse nasal mucosa was detected by immunofluorescence double staining assay. Real-time quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) was used to detect the expression of ILC2 cell-associated factor in mouse nasal mucosa. The expression of cytokine protein in serum was detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. The results showed that there was no inflammatory cell infiltration in the nasal mucosa of group A, and the number of ILC2 cells was small. Inflammatory cell infiltration and obvious ILC2 cells were observed in the nasal mucosa of group B and C, and the number of ILC2 cells in group B and C was significantly increased compared with that in group A. Compared with group A, ROR α, Thy-1, ST2, and CD90 genes were significantly increased in nasal mucosa tissues of group B and C, and protein levels of IL-4, IL-5, IL-13, and IgE in serum were significantly increased. Compared with group B, the protein expression levels of IL-13 and IgE in serum of group C mice were significantly increased, while the expression levels of IL-4 and IL-5 were not significantly different. In conclusion, in the pathogenesis of allergic rhinitis, ILC2 cells play a role in promoting the development of inflammation, and its expression is related to RORα, Thy-1, ST2 and CD90. Meanwhile, ILC2 cells are also important cells for the synthesis and secretion of IL-13. The study on the pathogenesis of allergic rhinitis provides a new target for its treatment.


: 本研究的目的是基于变应性细菌感染鼻炎的动物模型分析鼻粘膜中ILC2细胞 (2型固有淋巴样细胞) 的表达。选择45只雌性BALB/c小鼠作为研究对象。随机分为对照组 (A组) 、致敏组 (B组) 和抑制剂组 (C组),建立小鼠变应性鼻炎模型。HE染色观察小鼠鼻黏膜的病理变化。免疫荧光双染法检测小鼠鼻粘膜ILC2细胞数。采用实时定量聚合酶链反应 (PCR) 检测ILC2细胞相关因子在小鼠鼻黏膜中的表达。采用酶联免疫吸附法检测血清中细胞因子蛋白的表达。结果显示A组鼻黏膜无炎性细胞浸润,ILC2细胞数量较少。B、C组鼻黏膜可见炎性细胞浸润及明显的ILC2细胞,B、C组较A组ILC2细胞数量明显增多。与A组相比,B、C组鼻黏膜组织中ROR α 、Thy-1、ST2、CD90基因显著升高,血清中IL-4、IL-5、IL-13、IgE蛋白水平显著升高。与B组相比,C组小鼠血清中IL-13和IgE的蛋白表达水平显著升高,而IL-4和IL-5的表达水平差异不显著。总之,在变应性鼻炎的发病机制中,ILC2细胞发挥促进炎症发展的作用,其表达与ror α 、Thy-1、ST2和cd90有关。同时,ILC2细胞也是合成和分泌IL-13的重要细胞。变应性鼻炎发病机制的研究为其治疗提供了新的靶点。



作者列表:["Juan-Carlos PM","Perla-Lidia PP","Stephanie-Talia MM","Mónica-Griselda AM","Luz-María TE"]

METHODS::The ATP binding-cassette superfamily corresponds the mostly transmembrane transporters family found in humans. These proteins actively transport endogenous and exogenous substrates through biological membranes in body tissues, so they have an important role in the regulation of many physiological functions necessary for human homeostasis, as well as in response regulation to several pharmacological substrates. The development of multidrug resistance has become one of the main troubles in conventional chemotherapy in different illnesses including cancer, being the increased efflux of antineoplastic drugs the main reason for this multidrug resistance, with a key role of the ABC superfamily. Likely, the interindividual variability in the pharmacological response among patients is well known, and may be due to intrinsically factors of the disease, genetic and environmental ones. Thus, the understanding of this variability, especially the genetic variability associated with the efficacy and toxicity of drugs, can provide a safer and more effective pharmacological treatment, so ABC genes are considered as important regulators due to their relationship with the reduction in pharmacological response. In this review, updated information about transporters belonging to this superfamily was collected, the possible role of these transporters in cancer, the role of genetic variability in their genes, as well as some therapeutic tools that have been tried to raise against main transporters associated with chemoresistance in cancer.

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作者列表:["Sawada H","Oeda T","Kohsaka M","Tomita S","Umemura A","Park K","Yamamoto K","Kiyohara K"]

METHODS:BACKGROUND:Cholinergic neurotransmission regulates neuroinflammation in Parkinson disease (PD). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS:The authors conducted a delayed-start study of donepezil for cognitive decline in non-demented PD patients. The study consisted of a 96-week randomized placebo-controlled double-blind phase 1, followed by a 24-week donepezil extension phase 2. The primary outcome measure was a change in the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) at week 120. RESULTS:A total of 98 patients were randomly allocated to the early-start (donepezil-to-donepezil) and delayed-start (placebo-to-donepezil) groups. Mean (SD) of the baseline MMSE was 27.6 (2.0) and 28.0 (2.1), respectively. MMSE change at week 120 was better in the early-start group than in the delayed-start group, but the difference was not significant. The MMSE declined in apolipoprotein ε4 carriers, but not in non-carriers, and the factor interaction (intervention × ε4 genotype) was highly significant (P < 0.001). Analyzed with the interaction, the difference was significant (group difference 1.95 [0.33 to 3.57], P = 0.018). The MMSE decline slope in phase 1 was significantly better in the early-start group than in the delayed-start group (P = 0.048). CONCLUSIONS:Cognitive function deteriorated in ε4 carriers, but not in non-carriers, and early-start donepezil may postpone cognitive decline in the former.

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作者列表:["Louvrier A","Terranova L","Meyer C","Meyer F","Euvrard E","Kroemer M","Rolin G"]

METHODS::Since the discovery of dental pulp stem cells, a lot of teams have expressed an interest in dental pulp regeneration. Many approaches, experimental models and biological explorations have been developed, each including the use of stem cells and scaffolds with the final goal being clinical application in humans. In this review, the authors' objective was to compare the experimental models and strategies used for the development of biomaterials for tissue engineering of dental pulp with stem cells. Electronic queries were conducted on PubMed using the following terms: pulp regeneration, scaffold, stem cells, tissue engineering and biomaterial. The extracted data included the following information: the strategy envisaged, the type of stem cells, the experimental models, the exploration or analysis methods, the cytotoxicity or viability or proliferation cellular tests, the tests of scaffold antibacterial properties and take into account the vascularization of the regenerated dental pulp. From the 71 selected articles, 59% focused on the "cell-transplantation" strategy, 82% used in vitro experimentation, 58% in vivo animal models and only one described an in vivo in situ human clinical study. 87% used dental pulp stem cells. A majority of the studies reported histology (75%) and immunohistochemistry explorations (66%). 73% mentioned the use of cytotoxicity, proliferation or viability tests. 48% took vascularization into account but only 6% studied the antibacterial properties of the scaffolds. This article gives an overview of the methods used to regenerate dental pulp from stem cells and should help researchers create the best development strategies for research in this field.

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