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Status of human brucellosis in district Malakand, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.

巴基斯坦开伯尔普赫图赫瓦马拉坎区人布鲁氏菌病状况。

  • 影响因子:2.09
  • DOI:10.1016/j.jiph.2019.12.013
  • 作者列表:"Niaz S","Raqeeb A","Khan A","Nasreen","Amir S","Zhu L","Kumar S
  • 发表时间:2021-03-01
Abstract

BACKGROUND:Brucellosis is a zoonotic disease caused by the bacteria, Brucella genus. Human is always an accidental host, infected from domesticated or wild animals. METHODS:This study was conducted from September 2017 to April 2018. A total of 304 samples were collected in eight months duration from female of high-risk population connected with domesticated animals to investigate the sero-prevalence of Brucellosis using ELISA (Igm) in District Malakand, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. RESULTS:The high age wise prevalence was recorded as 32.25% in female with age group 21-30 by ELISA (P<0.05). The prevalent rate was significantly high (P<0.05) in Tehsil Batkhela (32.8%) than Dargai (22.75%). It was also recorded in the present study that the prevalence was higher from January to April. It was found 20.58%, 17.64%, 14.70%, 20.58%, 17.6%, 38.23%, 45.71% and 44.11% from September to April respectively. CONCLUSION:The present study concluded that the prevalence of brucellosis is significantly high among the age group 20-40 and from January to April 2018. Further studies will be required to show the prevalence of the Brucellosis all over the country.

摘要

背景: 布鲁氏菌病是由布鲁氏菌属细菌引起的一种人畜共患病。人类总是一个偶然的宿主,从家养或野生动物感染。 方法: 本研究于2017年9月至2018年4月进行。在巴基斯坦Khyber Pakhtunkhwa的马拉坎地区,在8个月的时间内,从与家养动物相关的高危雌性人群中收集了总共304个样本,使用ELISA (Igm) 调查布鲁氏菌病的血清患病率。 结果: ELISA结果显示,21 ~ 30岁女性的高年龄患病率为32.25% (P<0.05)。Tehsil Batkhela的患病率 (0.05) 显著高于Dargai (32.8%) (P <22.75%)。在本研究中也记录了从1月到4月的患病率较高。在9-4月分别发现20.58% 、17.64% 、14.70% 、20.58% 、17.6% 、38.23% 、45.71% 、44.11% 结论: 本研究得出的结论是,布鲁氏菌病在20-40岁年龄组和2018年1-4月的患病率明显较高。需要进一步研究以显示全国各地布鲁氏菌病的流行情况。

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