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Comparison of two measures for Complicated Grief: Brief Grief Questionnaire (BGQ) and Inventory of Complicated Grief (ICG).

复杂悲伤的两种测量方法的比较: 简短悲伤问卷 (BGQ) 和复杂悲伤清单 (ICG)。

  • 影响因子:2.04
  • DOI:10.1093/jjco/hyaa185
  • 作者列表:"Igarashi N","Aoyama M","Ito M","Nakajima S","Sakaguchi Y","Morita T","Shima Y","Miyashita M
  • 发表时间:2021-02-08
Abstract

OBJECTIVE:No prior studies have used a single sample of bereaved families of cancer patients to compare multiple scales for assessing Complicated Grief. Here, we compare the two measures. METHODS:We sent a questionnaire to the bereaved families of cancer patients who had died at 71 palliative care units nationwide. RESULTS:The analysis included 3173 returned questionnaires. Prevalence of Complicated Grief was 7.8% by Brief Grief Questionnaire (with a cutoff score of 8) and 15.5% for Inventory of Complicated Grief (with a cutoff score of 26). The Spearman's correlation coefficient between the Brief Grief Questionnaire and the Inventory of Complicated Grief was 0.79, and a ceiling effect was seen for the distribution of the Brief Grief Questionnaire scores. Although 6.4% of respondents scored both 8 or higher on the Brief Grief Questionnaire and 26 or higher on the Inventory of Complicated Grief, only 1.4% scored both 8 or higher on the Brief Grief Questionnaire and <26 on the Inventory of Complicated Grief. In contrast, 9.1% scored <8 on the Brief Grief Questionnaire but 26 or higher on the Inventory of Complicated Grief. CONCLUSION:The prevalence of Complicated Grief was estimated to be higher by the Inventory of Complicated Grief than by the Brief Grief Questionnaire in this sample. Patients with severe Complicated Grief might be difficult to discriminate their intensity of grief by the Brief Grief Questionnaire. Once the diagnostic criteria of Complicated Grief are established, further research, such as optimization of cutoff points and calculations of sensitivity and specificity, will be necessary.

摘要

目的: 以前没有研究使用癌症患者的死者家属的单一样本来比较评估复杂悲伤的多个量表。在这里,我们比较两种措施。 方法: 我们向全国71家姑息治疗单位死亡的癌症患者家属发送了一份问卷。 结果: 分析共回收问卷3173份。通过简短的悲伤问卷调查,复杂悲伤的患病率为7.8% (截断值为8分),而对于复杂悲伤的问卷调查,则为15.5% (截断值为26分).简短悲伤问卷和复杂悲伤清单之间的斯皮尔曼相关系数为0.79,简短悲伤问卷得分的分布出现了上限效应。尽管6.4% 的受访者在简短悲伤问卷中得分为8或更高,在复杂悲伤清单中得分为26或更高,但只有1.4% 的受访者在简短悲伤问卷中得分为8或更高,在复杂悲伤清单中得分 <26。相比之下,9.1% 在简短悲伤问卷上得分 <8,但在复杂悲伤清单上得分为26或更高。 结论: 在本样本中,复杂悲伤的发生率估计高于简短悲伤问卷。有严重复杂悲伤的患者可能很难通过简短的悲伤问卷来区分他们的悲伤强度。一旦建立了复杂悲伤的诊断标准,进一步的研究将是必要的,例如截断点的优化以及灵敏度和特异性的计算。

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