Impact of a prior history of cancer on prognosis after myeloablative single-unit cord blood transplantation.
- 作者列表："Okabe M","Konuma T","Oiwa-Monna M","Kato S","Isobe M","Takahashi S","Tojo A
:A prior history of cancer was associated with higher non-relapse mortality or overall mortality in patients undergoing allogeneic haematopoietic cell transplantation. Because it is unclear whether the outcomes after cord blood transplantation are influenced by a prior history of cancer, we retrospectively assessed the prevalence and prognostic impact of a prior history of cancer in adult patients undergoing myeloablative single-unit cord blood transplantation in our institute between 2004 and 2020. The univariate analysis showed that a prior history of cancer did not affect the probability of overall survival; the cumulative incidence of relapse; or non-relapse mortality. In the multivariate analysis, prior history of cancer was not associated with overall mortality, relapse or non-relapse mortality. No patients with a prior history of cancer had experienced prior cancer relapse. A prior history of cancer was not associated with non-relapse mortality or overall mortality following single-unit cord blood transplantation.
: 在接受异基因造血细胞移植的患者中，癌症既往史与较高的非复发死亡率或总死亡率相关。由于尚不清楚脐带血移植后的结果是否受癌症既往史的影响，我们回顾性评估了2004年至2020年间在我们研究所接受清髓性单单位脐带血移植的成人患者中癌症既往史的患病率和预后影响。单因素分析显示，癌症既往史不影响总生存期的概率; 复发的累积发生率; 或非复发死亡率。在多变量分析中，癌症既往史与总死亡率、复发或非复发死亡率无关。没有既往有癌症病史的患者经历过癌症复发。癌症既往史与单单位脐血移植后的非复发死亡率或总死亡率无关。
METHODS::The ATP binding-cassette superfamily corresponds the mostly transmembrane transporters family found in humans. These proteins actively transport endogenous and exogenous substrates through biological membranes in body tissues, so they have an important role in the regulation of many physiological functions necessary for human homeostasis, as well as in response regulation to several pharmacological substrates. The development of multidrug resistance has become one of the main troubles in conventional chemotherapy in different illnesses including cancer, being the increased efflux of antineoplastic drugs the main reason for this multidrug resistance, with a key role of the ABC superfamily. Likely, the interindividual variability in the pharmacological response among patients is well known, and may be due to intrinsically factors of the disease, genetic and environmental ones. Thus, the understanding of this variability, especially the genetic variability associated with the efficacy and toxicity of drugs, can provide a safer and more effective pharmacological treatment, so ABC genes are considered as important regulators due to their relationship with the reduction in pharmacological response. In this review, updated information about transporters belonging to this superfamily was collected, the possible role of these transporters in cancer, the role of genetic variability in their genes, as well as some therapeutic tools that have been tried to raise against main transporters associated with chemoresistance in cancer.
METHODS:BACKGROUND:Cholinergic neurotransmission regulates neuroinflammation in Parkinson disease (PD). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS:The authors conducted a delayed-start study of donepezil for cognitive decline in non-demented PD patients. The study consisted of a 96-week randomized placebo-controlled double-blind phase 1, followed by a 24-week donepezil extension phase 2. The primary outcome measure was a change in the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) at week 120. RESULTS:A total of 98 patients were randomly allocated to the early-start (donepezil-to-donepezil) and delayed-start (placebo-to-donepezil) groups. Mean (SD) of the baseline MMSE was 27.6 (2.0) and 28.0 (2.1), respectively. MMSE change at week 120 was better in the early-start group than in the delayed-start group, but the difference was not significant. The MMSE declined in apolipoprotein ε4 carriers, but not in non-carriers, and the factor interaction (intervention × ε4 genotype) was highly significant (P < 0.001). Analyzed with the interaction, the difference was significant (group difference 1.95 [0.33 to 3.57], P = 0.018). The MMSE decline slope in phase 1 was significantly better in the early-start group than in the delayed-start group (P = 0.048). CONCLUSIONS:Cognitive function deteriorated in ε4 carriers, but not in non-carriers, and early-start donepezil may postpone cognitive decline in the former.
METHODS::Since the discovery of dental pulp stem cells, a lot of teams have expressed an interest in dental pulp regeneration. Many approaches, experimental models and biological explorations have been developed, each including the use of stem cells and scaffolds with the final goal being clinical application in humans. In this review, the authors' objective was to compare the experimental models and strategies used for the development of biomaterials for tissue engineering of dental pulp with stem cells. Electronic queries were conducted on PubMed using the following terms: pulp regeneration, scaffold, stem cells, tissue engineering and biomaterial. The extracted data included the following information: the strategy envisaged, the type of stem cells, the experimental models, the exploration or analysis methods, the cytotoxicity or viability or proliferation cellular tests, the tests of scaffold antibacterial properties and take into account the vascularization of the regenerated dental pulp. From the 71 selected articles, 59% focused on the "cell-transplantation" strategy, 82% used in vitro experimentation, 58% in vivo animal models and only one described an in vivo in situ human clinical study. 87% used dental pulp stem cells. A majority of the studies reported histology (75%) and immunohistochemistry explorations (66%). 73% mentioned the use of cytotoxicity, proliferation or viability tests. 48% took vascularization into account but only 6% studied the antibacterial properties of the scaffolds. This article gives an overview of the methods used to regenerate dental pulp from stem cells and should help researchers create the best development strategies for research in this field.