Low expression of NCALD is associated with chemotherapy resistance and poor prognosis in epithelial ovarian cancer.
- 作者列表："Feng LY","Li L
BACKGROUND:Low expression of NCALD(neurocalcin delta) in peripheral blood of ovarian cancer patients predicts poor prognosis. However, the molecular mechanism of NCALD in ovarian cancer and its relationship with chemotherapy outcomes is unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential signaling pathways of NCALD and to evaluate its ability to predict chemotherapy outcomes and prognosis. METHODS:High-throughput RNA sequencing data were downloaded from TCGA. GSEA explored the potential signaling pathways of NCALD. The expression of NCALD in chemotherapy sensitive and chemotherapy resistant ovarian cancer patients was detected by TCGA data and clinical samples. ROC analysis confirmed the ability of NCALD to predict chemotherapy outcomes. The association between NCALD expression and prognosis in ovarian cancer patients was assessed using Kaplan-Meier plotter. RESULTS:In patients with NCALD overexpression, genes expression related to ERK1 / 2 signaling pathway, NF-kappaB signaling pathway, TGF-β signaling pathway and immune response pathway was increased, especially ERK1 / 2 signaling pathway. The expression of NCALD in chemoresistant patients was significantly lower than chemosensitive patients. In TCGA data and immunohistochemical samples, the AUC of NCALD expression predicting chemotherapy outcome was 0.59 and 0.64, respectively. In clinical samples, low expression of NCALD was associated with poor OS and PFS. CONCLUSIONS:NCALD may activate the ERK1 / 2 signaling pathway in ovarian cancer. As a new biomarker of chemotherapy sensitivity, NCALD was significantly down-regulated in chemotherapy resistance ovarian cancer patients. Low expression of NCALD in ovarian cancer is associated with poor OS and PFS. In the future, further research will be needed on the potential mechanism and clinical application value of NCALD in ovarian cancer.
背景: 卵巢癌患者外周血中 NCALD(neurocalcin delta) 低表达预示预后不良。然而，NCALD 在卵巢癌中的分子机制及其与化疗结局的关系尚不清楚。本研究的目的是调查 NCALD 的潜在信号通路，并评估其预测化疗结果和预后的能力。 方法: 从 TCGA 下载高通量 RNA 测序数据。GSEA 探索了 NCALD 的潜在信号通路。用 TCGA 资料和临床样本检测化疗敏感和化疗耐药卵巢癌患者 NCALD 的表达。ROC 分析证实了 NCALD 预测化疗结果的能力。使用 Kaplan-Meier 绘图仪评估 NCALD 表达与卵巢癌患者预后的相关性。 结果: 在 NCALD 过表达的患者中，ERK1/2 信号通路、 NF-kappaB 信号通路、 TGF-β 信号通路和免疫应答通路相关基因表达升高,特别是 ERK1 / 2 信号通路。化疗耐药患者 NCALD 的表达明显低于化疗敏感患者。在 TCGA 数据和免疫组化样本中，NCALD 表达预测化疗结局的 AUC 分别为 0.59 和 0.64。在临床样本中，NCALD 的低表达与较差的 OS 和 PFS 相关。 结论: NCALD 可能在卵巢癌中激活 ERK1 / 2 信号通路。作为一种新的化疗敏感性生物标志物，NCALD 在化疗耐药的卵巢癌患者中显著下调。NCALD 在卵巢癌中的低表达与较差的 OS 和 PFS 相关。未来需要进一步研究 NCALD 在卵巢癌中的潜在作用机制和临床应用价值。
METHODS::Altered aerobic glycolysis is an important feature of cancer cell energy metabolism, known as the Warburg effect. Cervical cancer is one of the most common causes of cancer death in females. However, the roles of aerobic glycolysis in the development of cervical cancer are still poorly defined. Here, we identified a transcription factor (TF), ETS-related gene (ERG), as a new regulator of cancer progression and the glycolysis process in cervical cancer. In this study, we found that ectopic expression of ERG enhanced the capacity of aerobic glycolysis and increased glucose uptake, lactate production, and ATP generation. ERG overexpression increased and ERG knockdown decreased the anchorage independent cell growth and cell invasion in cervical cancer cells. Mechanistically, we propose that ERG regulates the expression of hexokinase 2 (HK2) and phosphoglycerate kinase 1 (PGK1) in the glycolytic pathway by directly binding to their promoters. A gain-of-function study showed that the knockdown or overexpression of HK2 and PGK1 abolished the increased or decreased aerobic glycolysis and cervical cancer progression induced by stable ectopic expression or depletion of ERG, respectively. Taken together, our findings suggest that ERG plays a potential role in the progression of cervical cancer, and could serve as a novel biomarker and potential therapeutic target in cervical cancer.
METHODS:INTRODUCTION:Australia has recently implemented major changes in cervical cancer prevention policies including introduction of primary human papillomavirus (HPV) screening starting at age 25, and replacement of the quadrivalent HPV vaccine with the nonavalent vaccine in the national school-based program. We assessed the feasibility and utility of conducting HPV testing in residual clinical specimens submitted for routine Chlamydia trachomatis screening, as a means of tracking HPV vaccine program impact among young sexually active women. METHODS:De-identified residual specimens from women aged 16-24 years submitted for chlamydia testing were collected from three pathology laboratories in Victoria and New South Wales. Limited demographic information, and chlamydia test results were also collected. Patient identifiers were sent directly from the laboratories to the National HPV Vaccination Program Register, to obtain HPV vaccination histories. Samples underwent HPV genotyping using Seegene Anyplex II HPV 28 assay. RESULTS:Between April and July 2018, 362 residual samples were collected, the majority (60.2%) of which were cervical swabs. Demographic data and vaccination histories were received for 357 (98.6%) women (mean age 21.8, SD 2.0). Overall, 65.6% of women were fully vaccinated, 9.8% partially, and 24.7% unvaccinated. The majority (86.0%) resided in a major city, 35.9% were classified in the upper quintile of socioeconomic advantage and chlamydia positivity was 7.8%.The prevalence of quadrivalent vaccine-targeted types (HPV6/11/16/18) was 2.8% (1.5-5.1%) overall with no differences by vaccination status (p = 0.729). The prevalence of additional nonavalent vaccine-targeted types (HPV31/33/45/52/58) was 19.3% (15.6-23.8%). One or more oncogenic HPV types were detected in 46.8% (95% CI 41.6-52.0%) of women. CONCLUSIONS:HPV testing of residual chlamydia specimens provides a simple, feasible method for monitoring circulating genotypes. Applied on a larger scale this method can be utilised to obtain a timely assessment of nonavalent vaccine impact among young women not yet eligible for cervical screening.
METHODS::Human papillomavirus (HPV) type 58 is the third most commonly detected HPV type in cervical cancer among Eastern Asians. Our previous international epidemiological studies revealed that a HPV58E7 natural variant, T20I/G63S (designated as V1), was associated with a higher risk of cervical cancer. We recently showed that V1 possesses a greater ability to immortalise and transform primary cells, as well as degrading pRB more effectively than the prototype and other common variants. In this study, we performed a series of phenotypic and molecular assays using physiologically relevant in vitro and in vivo models to compare the oncogenicity of V1 with that of the prototype and other common natural variants. Through activation of AKT and K-Ras/ERK signalling pathways, V1 consistently showed greater oncogenicity compared with prototype and other variants, as demonstrated by increased cell proliferation, migration and invasion, as well as induction of larger tumours in athymic nude mice. This study complements our previous epidemiological and molecular observations pinpointing the higher oncogenicity of V1 compared with prototype and all other common variants. Since V1 is more commonly found in Eastern Asia, our report provides insight into the design of HPV-screening assays and selection of components for HPV vaccines in this region.IMPORTANCE Epidemiological studies have revealed that a wild type variant of HPV58 carrying an E7 variation, T20I/G63S (V1), is associated with a higher risk of cervical cancer. We previously reported that this increased oncogenicity could be the result of its greater ability to degrade pRB, thereby leading to an increased ability to grow in an anchorage-independent manner. In addition to this, this report further showed that this HPV variant induced activation of AKT and K-Ras/ERK signalling pathways, thereby, explaining its genuine oncogenicity in promoting cell proliferation, migration, invasion, and formation of tumours, all to a greater extent than prototype HPV58 and other common variants.