Application of Multiparametric Quantitative Cardiac Magnetic Resonance for Detection and Monitoring of Myocardial Injury in Patients with Fulminant Myocarditis.
- 作者列表："Li H","Zhu H","Yang Z","Tang D","Huang L","Xia L
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES:To investigate whether multiparametric cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) could detect and monitor inflammatory myocardial alterations in fulminant myocarditis. MATERIALS AND METHODS:Nineteen patients (35 ± 14 years, 37% male) with clinical diagnosis of fulminant myocarditis underwent CMR examinations at 3.0T in the acute phase and at 3-months follow up. The control group consisted of 19 healthy volunteers. The CMR protocol included cine, black blood T2-weighted imaging, T1 mapping, T2 mapping and late gadolinium enhancement (LGE). Cardiac parameters, such as edema ratio, LGE mass, native T1, T2 and extracellular volume were measured. RESULTS:The left ventricular mass index (67 ± 15 versus 55 ± 12 g/m2, p < 0.05) and interventricular septum thickness (10.4 ± 1.5 versus 8.3 ± 1.8 mm, p < 0.001) in acute stage was significantly higher compared to controls, and normalized at the chronic stage. All quantitative inflammation metrics, including edema ratio, LGE mass, native T1, T2 and extracellular volume were significantly (all p < 0.001) decreased in the follow-up scan, but still higher compared to controls. Compared to the controls, all global strain indices including circumferential, longitudinal and radial strain values were significantly impaired in acute stage (all p < 0.001). Native T1 and T2 values led to excellent diagnostic accuracy for discriminating fulminant myocarditis from healed myocarditis, with AUC of 0.947 and 0.931. CONCLUSION:Multiparametric CMR could detect and monitor inflammation myocardial injuries in patients with fulminant myocarditis. Native T1 and T2 values achieved excellent diagnostic performance in distinguishing acute from healed myocarditis.
原理和目的: 探讨多参数心脏磁共振 (CMR) 能否检测和监测暴发性心肌炎的炎性心肌改变。 材料和方法: 19 例临床诊断为暴发性心肌炎的患者 (35 ± 14 岁，37% 为男性) 在急性期 3.0T 和随访 3 个月时进行 CMR 检查。对照组为 19 例健康志愿者。CMR 方案包括电影、黑血 T2-weighted 成像、 T1 标测、 T2 标测和晚期钆增强 (LGE)。测量心脏参数，如水肿比、 LGE 质量、天然 T1 、 T2 和细胞外体积。 结果: 左室重量指数 (67 ± 15 比 55 ± 12g/m2，p <0.05) 和室间隔厚度 (10.4 ± 1.5 比 8.3 ± 1.8毫米，p <0.001) 急性期与对照组相比显著较高，慢性期正常化。所有定量炎症指标，包括水肿比率、 LGE 质量、自然 T1 、 T2 和细胞外体积在随访扫描中显著降低 (均 p <0.001),但与对照组相比仍然较高。与对照组相比，急性期包括圆周、纵向和径向应变值在内的所有整体应变指数均显著受损 (均 p <0.001)。天然 T1 和 T2 值对区分暴发性心肌炎和治愈心肌炎具有极好的诊断准确性，AUC 分别为 0.947 和 0.931。 结论: 多参数 CMR 可检测和监测暴发性心肌炎患者的炎症心肌损伤。天然 T1 和 T2 值在区分急性和治愈心肌炎方面取得了优异的诊断性能。
METHODS:Abstract Background Ischemic cardiomyopathy is a high-cost, resource-intensive public health burden that is associated with a 1-year mortality rate of about 16% in western population. Different in patient ethnicity and pattern of practice may impact the clinical outcome. We aim to determine 1-year mortality and to identify factors that significantly predicts 1-year mortality of Thai patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy. Methods This prospective multicenter registry enrolled consecutive Thai patients that were diagnosed with ischemic cardiomyopathy at 9 institutions located across Thailand. Patients with left ventricular function 75% in the left main or proximal left anterior descending artery or coronary angiography, and/or two major epicardial coronary stenoses; 2) prior myocardial infarction; 3) prior revascularization by coronary artery bypass graft or percutaneous coronary intervention; or, 4) magnetic resonance imaging pattern compatible with ischemic cardiomyopathy. Baseline clinical characteristics, coronary and echocardiographic data were recorded. The 1-year clinical outcome was pre-specified. Results Four hundred and nineteen patients were enrolled. Thirty-nine patients (9.9%) had died at 1 year, with 27 experiencing cardiovascular death, and 12 experiencing non-cardiovascular death. A comparison between patients who were alive and patients who were dead at 1 year revealed lower baseline left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) (26.7 ± 7.6% vs 30.2 ± 7.8%; p = 0.021), higher left ventricular end-diastolic volume (LVEDV) (185.8 ± 73.2 ml vs 155.6 ± 64.2 ml; p = 0.014), shorter mitral valve deceleration time (142.9 ± 57.5 ml vs 182.4 ± 85.7 ml; p = 0.041), and lower use of statins (94.7% vs 99.7%; p = 0.029) among deceased patients. Patients receiving guideline-recommended β-blockers had lower mortality than patients receiving non-guideline-recommended β-blockers (8.1% vs 18.2%; p = 0.05). Conclusions The results of this study revealed a 9.9% 1-year mortality rate among Thai ischemic cardiomyopathy patients. Doppler echocardiographic parameters significantly associated with 1-year mortality were LVEF, LVEDV, mitral E velocity, and mitral valve deceleration time. The use of non-guideline-recommended β-blockers rather than guideline recommended β-blockers were associated with increased with 1-year mortality. Guidelines recommended β-blockers should be preferred. Trial registration Thai Clinical Trials Registry TCTR20190722002. Registered 22 July 2019. “Retrospectively registered”.
METHODS:Abstract Background Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is rare and potentially life-threatening; its etiology remains unclear. Imaging characteristics on cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) and their prognostic significance have rarely been studied. We sought to determine CMR’s prognostic value in PPCM by using T1 and T2 mapping techniques. Methods Data from 21 PPCM patients from our CMR registry database were analyzed. The control group comprised 20 healthy age-matched females. All subjects underwent comprehensive contrast-enhanced CMR. T1 and T2 mapping using modified Look-Locker inversion recovery and T2 prep balanced steady-state free precession sequences, respectively. Ventricular size and function, late gadolinium enhancement (LGE), myocardial T1 value, extracellular volume (ECV), and T2 value were analyzed. Transthoracic echocardiography was performed at baseline and during follow-up. The recovered left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was defined as LVEF ≥50% on echocardiography follow-up after at least 6 months of the diagnosis. Results CMR imaging showed that the PPCM patients had severely impaired LVEF and right ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF: 26.8 ± 10.6%; RVEF: 33.9 ± 14.6%). LGE was seen in eight (38.1%) cases. PPCM patients had significantly higher native T1 and ECV (1345 ± 79 vs. 1212 ± 32 ms, P < 0.001; 33.9 ± 5.2% vs. 27.1 ± 3.1%, P < 0.001; respectively) and higher myocardial T2 value (42.3 ± 3.7 vs. 36.8 ± 2.3 ms, P < 0.001) than did the normal controls. After a median 2.5-year follow-up (range: 8 months-5 years), six patients required readmission for heart failure, two died, and 10 showed left ventricular function recovery. The LVEF-recovered group showed significantly lower ECV (30.7 ± 2.1% vs. 36.8 ± 5.6%, P = 0.005) and T2 (40.6 ± 3.0 vs. 43.9 ± 3.7 ms, P = 0.040) than the unrecovered group. Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed ECV (OR = 0.58 for per 1% increase, P = 0.032) was independently associated with left ventricular recovery in PPCM. Conclusions Compared to normal controls, PPCM patients showed significantly higher native T1, ECV, and T2. Native T1, ECV, and T2 were associated with LVEF recovery in PPCM. Furthermore, ECV could independently predict left ventricular function recovery in PPCM.
METHODS:BACKGROUND:Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and is associated with adverse outcomes in HCM patients. Although the left atrial (LA) diameter has consistently been identified as a strong predictor of AF in HCM patients, the relationship between LA dysfunction and AF still remains unclear. The aim of this study is to evaluate the LA function in patients with non-obstructive HCM (NOHCM) utilizing cardiovascular magnetic resonance feature tracking (CMR-FT).,METHODS:Thirty-three patients with NOHCM and 28 healthy controls were studied. The global and regional LA function and left ventricular (LV) function were compared between the two groups. The following LA global functional parameters were quantitively analyzed: reservoir function (total ejection fraction [LA total EF], total strain [ε], peak positive strain rate [SRs]), conduit function (passive ejection fraction [LA passive EF], passive strain [ε], peak early-negative SR [SRe]), and booster pump function (active ejection fraction [LA active EF], active strain [ε], peak late-negative SR [SRa]). The LA wall was automatically divided into 6 segments: anterior, antero-roof, inferior, septal, septal-roof and lateral. Three LA strain parameters (ε, ε, ε) and their corresponding strain rate parameters (SRs, SRe, SRa) during the reservoir, conduit and booster pump LA phases were segmentally measured and analyzed.,RESULTS:The LA reservoir (LA total EF: 57.6 ± 8.2% vs. 63.9 ± 6.4%, p < 0.01; ε: 35.0 ± 12.0% vs. 41.5 ± 11.2%, p = 0.03; SRs: 1.3 ± 0.4 s vs. 1.5 ± 0.4 s, p = 0.02) and conduit function (LA passive EF: 28.7 ± 9.1% vs. 37.1 ± 10.0%, p < 0.01; ε: 18.7 ± 7.9% vs. 25.9 ± 10.0%, p < 0.01; SRe: - 0.8 ± 0.3 s vs. -1.1 ± 0.4 s, p < 0.01) were all impaired in patients with NOHCM when compared with healthy controls, while LA booster pump function was preserved. The LA segmental strain and strain rate analysis demonstrated that the ε, ε, SRe of inferior, SRs, SRe of septal-roof, and SRa of antero-roof walls (all p < 0.05) were all decreased in the NOHCM cohort. Correlations between LA functional parameters and LV conventional function and LA functional parameters and baseline parameters (age, body surface area and NYHA classification) were weak. The two strongest relations were between ε and LA total EF(r = 0.84, p < 0.01), ε and LA active EF (r = 0.83, p < 0.01).,CONCLUSIONS:Compared with healthy controls, patients with NOHCM have LA reservoir and conduit dysfunction, and regional LA deformation before LA enlargement. CMR-FT identifies LA dysfunction and deformation at an early stage.