Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy for Pulmonary Oligometastases from Esophageal Cancer: Results and Prognostic Factors.
- 作者列表："Yamamoto T","Niibe Y","Matsumoto Y","Dekura Y","Oh RJ","Yamashita H","Kakuhara H","Aoki M","Jingu K
BACKGROUND/AIM:The aim of this multi-center retrospective study was to investigate the results of stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) for pulmonary oligometastases from esophageal cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS:Oligometastases from the esophagus were identified from a dataset of a Japanese survey. The Kaplan-Meier method and Cox regression were applied to perform analyses. RESULTS:A total of 114 patients with 132 pulmonary oligometastases were collected. The 3-year local control rate, freedom from further metastasis (FFFM) rate and overall survival (OS) rate were 70.2%, 25.3% and 37.5%, respectively. Performance status (PS) (PS 1 vs. PS 0, p<0.01), disease-free interval (p=0.03) and history of local therapy for metastasis (p=0.01) had significant relationships with FFFM and only PS was an independent prognostic factor for OS (PS 1 vs. PS 0, p=0.02; PS 2-3 vs. PS 0, p=0.04). CONCLUSION:SBRT for pulmonary oligometastases from esophageal cancer provided good local control and survival.
背景/目的: 这项多中心回顾性研究的目的是探讨立体定向放射治疗 (SBRT) 食管癌肺寡转移的结果。 患者和方法: 从日本调查的数据集中鉴定出来自食管的寡转移酶。应用Kaplan-Meier法和Cox回归进行分析。 结果: 共收集 114 例患者，共 132 个肺寡转移酶。在 3 年局部控制率、免于进一步转移 (FFFM) 及总生存期 (OS) 率分别为 70.2% 、 25.3% 3 为 7.5%.表现状态 (PS) (PS 1 vs. PS 0，p<0.0 1) 、无病间隔 (p = 0。0 3) 和转移的局部治疗史 (p = 0。0 1) 与FFFM有显著关系，只有PS是OS的独立预后因素 (PS 1 vs. PS 0，p = 0。0 2; PS 2-3 与PS 0，p = 0.0 4)。 结论: SBRT对食管癌肺寡转移灶有较好的局部控制率和生存率。
METHODS:PURPOSE:The purpose of this study was to compare the survival and toxicities in cervical esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (CESCC) treated by concurrent chemoradiothrapy with either three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT) or intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) techniques. Materials and Methods:A total of 112 consecutive CESCC patients were retrospectively reviewed. 3D-CRT and IMRT groups had been analyzed by propensity score matching method, with sex, age, Karnofsky performance status, induction chemotherapy, and tumor stage well matched. The Kaplan-Meier method and Cox proportional hazards model were used for overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS). Toxicities were compared between two groups by Fisher exact test. RESULTS:With a median follow-up time of 34.9 months, the 3-year OS (p=0.927) and PFS (p=0.859) rate was 49.6% and 45.8% in 3D-CRT group, compared with 54.4% and 42.8% in IMRT group. The rates of grade ≥ 3 esophagitis, grade ≥ 2 pneumonitis, esophageal stricture, and hemorrhage were comparable between two groups, while the rate of tracheostomy dependence was much higher in IMRT group than 3D-CRT group (14.3% vs.1.8%, p=0.032). Radiotherapy technique (hazard ratio [HR], 0.09; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.01 to 0.79) and pretreatment hoarseness (HR, 0.12; 95% CI 0.02 to 0.70) were independently prognostic of tracheostomy dependence. CONCLUSION:No survival benefits had been observed while comparing IMRT versus 3D-CRT in CESCC patients. IMRT with fraction dose escalation and pretreatment hoarseness were considered to be associated with a higher risk for tracheostomy dependence. Radiation dose escalation beyond 60 Gy should be taken into account carefully when using IMRT with hypofractionated regimen.
METHODS::The radial force of esophageal stents may not completely change during extraction and therefore, the procedure of stent removal may cause tissue damage. The present study reports the manufacture of 2 novel detachable stents, which were designed to reduce tissue damage through their capacity to be taken or fall apart prior to removal and evaluated the supporting properties of these stents and the extent of local mucosal injury during their removal. The stents were manufactured by braiding, heat-setting, coating and connecting. The properties of the stents were evaluated by determining the following parameters: Expansion point, softening point, stent flexibility, radial compression ratio and radial force. A total of 18 rabbits with induced esophageal stricture were randomly assigned to 3 groups as follows: Detachable stent (DS) group, biodegradable stent (BS) group and control group. The stricture rate, complications, survival, degradation and stent removal were observed over 8 weeks. The stents of the DS and BS groups provided a similar supporting effect. The stricture rate, incidence of complications and survival were also similar between the 2 groups, while significant differences were noted between the DS and control groups and between the BS and control groups. In the BS group, the stents were degraded and moved to the stomach within 7 weeks (2 in 6 weeks and 3 in 7 weeks). The debris was extracted using biopsy forceps. In the DS group, all stents were easy to remove and 2 cases exhibited minor hemorrhage. In conclusion, the 2 types of novel detachable stent provided an equally efficient supporting effect in vitro and in vivo and may reduce the incidence of secondary injury during stent removal.
METHODS:BACKGROUND:Immune imbalance and inflammation have been suggested as key factors of Barrett's esophagus (BE) pathway towards adenocarcinoma. The neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) indirectly reflects the relation between innate and adaptive immune systems and has been studied in premalignant conditions as a biomarker for cancer diagnosis. Our aim was to investigate if increasing values of NLR correlated with advancing stages of BE progression to dysplasia and neoplasia. METHODS:We retrospectively analyzed data of patients with biopsies reporting BE between 2013 and 2017 and with a complete blood count within 6 months from the endoscopy, as well as patients with esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC). NLR was calculated as neutrophil count/lymphocyte count. Cases (n = 113) were classified as non-dysplastic BE (NDBE, n = 72), dysplastic BE (DBE, n = 11) and EAC (n = 30). RESULTS:NLR progressively increased across groups (NDBE, 1.92 ± 0.7; DBE, 2.92 ± 1.1; EAC 4.54 ± 2.9), with a significant correlation between its increasing value and the presence of dysplasia or neoplasia (r = 0.53, p 2.27 was able to diagnose EAC with 80% sensitivity and 71% specificity (area under the curve = 0.8). CONCLUSION:NLR correlates with advancing stages of BE progression, a finding that reinforces the role of immune imbalance in EAC carcinogenesis and suggests a possible use of this marker for risk stratification on surveillance strategies.