Comparative Analysis of the Paclitaxel-Eluting Peripheral Igaki-Tamai Stent and the Drug-Free Igaki-Tamai Stent Using Optical Coherence Tomography and Histological Analysis in a Porcine Iliac Artery Model.
在猪髂动脉模型中使用光学相干断层扫描和组织学分析比较紫杉醇洗脱外周 Igaki-Tamai 支架和无药 Igaki-Tamai 支架。
- 作者列表："Kuwabara K","Zen K","Yashige M","Ito N","Kadoya Y","Wakana N","Yanishi K","Matoba S
BACKGROUND:The combination of a bioresorbable scaffold and antiproliferative drugs is a promising treatment for peripheral artery disease. The novel paclitaxel-eluting peripheral Igaki-Tamai stent (PTX-ITS) has the same backbone design as the drug-free peripheral Igaki-Tamai stent and a paclitaxel coating. Arterial responses to the PTX-ITS and ITS using optical coherence tomography (OCT) and histological analysis in a porcine iliac artery model were compared.Methods and Results:In total, 6 PTX-ITSs and 6 ITSs implanted in porcine iliac arteries were evaluated. Quantitative measurements of the scaffold, lumen, neointimal areas, and percent area stenosis were performed using OCT at 1 and 3 months. Histological evaluations (PTX-ITS [n=5], ITS [n=4]) were performed following euthanasia at 3 months. Injury, inflammation, endothelialization, and fibrin scores were measured. Baseline angiographic characteristics were similar in both groups. The ITS group showed significantly smaller scaffold areas than the PTX-ITS group at 1 month (18.50±3.62 mm2vs. 23.54±3.64 mm2; P=0.037) and 3 months (15.82±2.57 mm2vs. 21.67±3.57 mm2; P=0.009). Percent area stenosis was significantly lower in the PTX-ITS group at 3 months (28.70±7.24% vs. 40.36±7.07%; P=0.018). Histological evaluations revealed similar low-grade inflammatory reactions for both scaffolds. CONCLUSIONS:PTX-ITSs showed significantly better suppression of late scaffold shrinkage and lower in-scaffold stenosis for up to 3 months. Additionally, PTX-ITSs exhibited high biocompatibility, which is comparable to ITSs.
背景: 生物可吸收支架和抗增殖药物的联合应用是治疗外周动脉疾病的一种很有前途的方法。新型紫杉醇洗脱外周 Igaki-Tamai 支架 (PTX-ITS) 与无药外周 Igaki-Tamai 支架和紫杉醇涂层具有相同的骨干设计。在猪髂动脉模型中，使用光学相干断层扫描 (OCT) 和组织学分析比较了动脉对 PTX-ITS 及其的反应。方法: 对 6 例 PTX-ITSs 和 6 例 ITSs 植入猪髂动脉进行评价。使用 OCT 在 1 个月和 3 个月时进行支架、管腔、新生内膜面积和面积狭窄百分比的定量测量。安乐死后 3 个月进行组织学评价 (PTX-ITS [n = 5]，ITS [n = 4])。测量损伤、炎症、内皮化和纤维蛋白评分。两组的基线血管造影特征相似。ITS 组 1 个月时支架面积明显小于 PTX-ITS 组 (18.50 ± 3.62 mm2vs)。23.54 ± 3.64平方毫米; P = 0.037) 和 3 个月 (15.82 ± 2.57 mm2vs。21.67 ± 3.57平方毫米; P = 0.009)。PTX-ITS 组 3 个月时面积狭窄百分比显著降低 (28.70 ± 7.24% vs. 40.36 ± 7.07%; P = 0.018)。组织学评价发现两种支架的低度炎症反应相似。 结论: PTX-ITSs 可显著更好地抑制晚期支架收缩，降低支架内狭窄长达 3 个月。此外，PTX-ITSs 表现出较高的生物相容性，与 ITSs 相当。
METHODS:Aims : We sought to investigate the thrombogenicity of different DES and BMS in an in vitro system of stent perfusion. Material and Methods: The experimental model consisted of a peristaltic pump connected to 4 parallel silicone tubes in which different stents were deployed. Blood was drawn from healthy volunteers and the amount of stent surfaced -induced thrombus deposition was determined using 125 I -fibrinogen. Results: Compared to Resolute, Biomatrix and Vision, Xience was associated with the lowest amount of stent surface -induced thrombus formation, with a significant difference compared to Vision (125 I -fibrinogen median value deposition [IQ range]: 50 ng [25 -98] versus 560 ng [320 - 1,520], respectively, p<0.05), but not to other DES. In the second set of experiments Fluoropolymer -coated BMS not eluting drug was associated with a significant 3 -fold reduction in 125 I -fibrinogen deposition (245 ng [80 -300]) compared to Vision (625 ng [320 -760], p<0.05), but a 7 -fold increase compared to Xience (35 ng [20 -60], p<0.05). Finally Xience was associated with a significantly greater absorption of albumin compared to BMS. Conclusions: In an in vitro system of stent perfusion, Xience was associated with the lowest amount of stent surface -induced thrombus formation compared with Resolute, Biomatrix and Vision, with a noted synergistic effect between the fluoropolymer and the drug.
METHODS::Fibronectin-splice variant containing extra domain A (Fn-EDA) is associated with smooth muscle cells (SMCs) following vascular injury. The role of SMC-derived Fn-EDA in SMC phenotypic switching or its implication in neointimal hyperplasia remains unclear. Herein, using human coronary artery sections with a bare metal stent, we demonstrate the expression of Fn-EDA in the vicinity of SMC-rich neointima and peri-strut areas. In mice, Fn-EDA colocalizes with SMCs in the neointima of injured carotid arteries and promotes neointima formation in the comorbid condition of hyperlipidemia by potentiating SMC proliferation and migration. No sex-based differences were observed. Mechanistic studies suggested that Fn-EDA mediates integrin- and TLR4-dependent proliferation and migration through activation of FAK/Src and Akt1/mTOR signaling, respectively. Specific deletion of Fn-EDA in SMCs, but not in endothelial cells, reduced intimal hyperplasia and suppressed the SMC synthetic phenotype concomitant with decreased Akt1/mTOR signaling. Targeting Fn-EDA in human aortic SMCs suppressed the synthetic phenotype and downregulated Akt1/mTOR signaling. These results reveal that SMC-derived Fn-EDA potentiates phenotypic switching in human and mouse aortic SMCs and neointimal hyperplasia in the mouse. We suggest that targeting Fn-EDA could be explored as a potential therapeutic strategy to reduce neointimal hyperplasia.
METHODS:OBJECTIVE:The goal of this study was to determine the impact of late-acquired stent malapposition (LASM) on long-term clinical outcomes in patients treated with coronary stent implantation. Approach and Results: We investigated major adverse cardiac event during 10 years after 6-month intravascular ultrasound examination using our previous studies database. A total of 732 patients treated with bare-metal stent (54 LASM versus 678 non-LASM) and 529 patients treated with first-generation drug-eluting stent (82 LASM versus 447 non-LASM), who did not have clinical event or censoring at the time of follow-up intravascular ultrasound, were included for the present analysis. major adverse cardiac event was defined as the composite of cardiac death, target vessel-related myocardial infarction, target lesion revascularization and stent thrombosis. Multivariable adjustment and inverse probability weight were performed to consider baseline differences. After multivariable adjustment, LASM was related to a greater risk of major adverse cardiac event (hazard ratio, 1.666 [95% CI, 1.041-2.665]; P=0.0333) and very-late stent thrombosis (hazard ratio, 3.529 [95% CI, 1.153-10.798]; P=0.0271) than non-LASM in patients treated with first-generation drug-eluting stent, but not in those treated with bare-metal stent. Results were consistent after inverse probability weight. Among patients with LASM of first-generation drug-eluting stent, no late stent thrombosis occurred in patients who continued to receive dual antiplatelet therapy. CONCLUSIONS:The relationship between LASM and major adverse cardiac event might depend on the type of implanted stents during the long-term follow-up, highlighting the clinical significance of polymers and drugs in drug-eluting stent system.